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Table 1 Demographic and health-related characteristics for exposed and non-exposed workers

From: The protracted waste crisis and physical health of workers in Beirut: a comparative cross-sectional study

Variable Non-exposed (%; n = 111) Exposed
(%; n = 110)
p-valuea
I. Demographic characteristic
Age    0.138
  18–33 31.5 40.4  
  34–49 28.8 29.4  
  50–60 39.6 30.3  
Residence near a dump site    0.001
  No 77.3 57.3  
  Yes 22.7 42.7  
Education    0.473
  Primary level 25.2 26.4  
  Secondary level 52.3 50.0  
  University level 22.5 23.6  
Work hours    0.368
   ≤ 8 h 49.5 47.3  
  > 8 h 50.5 52.7  
Workplace    0.000
  Indoors 26.1 48.2  
  Outdoors 48.6 24.5  
  Indoors and outdoors 25.2 27.3  
Marital status    0.425
  Married 34.2 33.0  
  Not married 65.8 67.0  
Support to family    0.005
  No 34.5 19.0  
  Yes 65.5 81.0  
Income    0.416
  Insufficient 45.5 44.0  
  Sufficient 54.5 56.0  
II. Heath-related characteristic
Presence of Chronic Disease    0.300
  No 77.5 80.4  
  Yes 22.5 19.6  
Smoking    0.009
  No 54.1 38.2  
  Yes 45.9 61.8  
Insurance    0.075
  No 19.1 27.3  
  Yes 80.9 72.7  
  1. aChi-squared; p-value < 0.05 is considered significant