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Table 2 Result of the multiple logistic regression analysis assessing the association between cooking place and the risk of different adverse birth and health outcomes

From: Household air pollution from cooking and risk of adverse health and birth outcomes in Bangladesh: a nationwide population-based study

Outcome variable Cooking place p
Outside house Inside house
Under five mortality
 n (%) 857 (4.6) 231 (5.7)  
 OR (95% CI) 1.00 1.17 (1.00–1.37) 0.05
 aOR (95% CI) 1.00 1.13 (0.96–1.34) 0.14
Neonatal mortality
 n (%) 576 (3.1) 163 (4.1)  
 OR (95% CI) 1.00 1.27 (1.05–1.54) <0.05
 aOR (95% CI) 1.00 1.25 (1.02–1.52) <0.05
Infant mortality
 n (%) 774 (4.2) 215 (5.3)  
 OR (95% CI) 1.00 1.22 (1.03–1.44) <0.05
 aOR (95% CI) 1.00 1.18 (1.00–1.40) 0.05
Acute respiratory infection
 n (%) 2626 (14.7) 569 (14.5)  
 OR (95% CI) 1.00 1.24 (1.12–1.38) <0.01
 aOR (95% CI) 1.00 1.18 (1.08–1.33) <0.05
Low birth weight
 n (%) 2061 (17.9) 402 (20.6)  
 OR (95% CI) 1.00 1.36 (1.20–1.54) <0.01
 aOR (95% CI) 1.00 1.25 (1.10–1.43) <0.01
Pregnancy complication
 n (%) 5168 (54.3) 938 (48.8)  
 OR (95% CI) 1.00 0.77 (0.69–1.07) 0.09
 aOR (95% CI) 1.00 0.78 (0.70–1.03) 0.08
Cesarean delivery
 n (%) 2410 (14.9)) 498 (14.4)  
 OR (95% CI) 1.00 1.24 (1.02–1.45) <0.05
 aOR (95% CI) 1.00 1.18 (1.01–1.29) <0.05
Stillbirth
 n (%) 429 (1.17) 98 (1.22)  
 OR (95% CI) 1.00 1.08 (0.85–1.37) 0.53
 aOR (95% CI) 1.00 1.01 (0.90–1.28) 0.93
  1. n frequency, aOR adjusted odds ratio (controlled for maternal age, education, place of residence, region, socio-economic status, breastfeeding and child sex)