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Table 2 Summary of experiments conducted on volcanic ash samples

From: Assessment of the potential respiratory hazard of volcanic ash from future Icelandic eruptions: a study of archived basaltic to rhyolitic ash samples

Sample PSD XRF XRD SEM TEM SSA EPR Fe Hem
Askja-55d x x   x      
Askja-56a x x   x      
Askja-59b x x   x   x x x x
Hekla-4 x x x x x x x x x
Hekla-1158   x        
Hekla-1980 x x x x   x x x x
Katla-1755 x x x x   x x x x
Reyk-1227 x x x x      
Laki-SnV x x x       
Laki-SnVII x x   x x x x x x
Orae-s13 x x x x      
Orae-s1 x x x x   x x x x
Snae-1    x x      
Veid-1477 x x x x      
  1. Insufficient sample mass limited the range of analyses performed on some samples. Analyses include: particle size distribution (PSD); X-ray fluorescence (XRF); X-ray diffraction (XRD); scanning electron microscopy (SEM); transmission electron microscopy (TEM); BET-N2 specific surface area (SSA); electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR); available surface iron (Fe); and particle-induced hemolysis (Hem)