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Fig. 1 | Environmental Health

Fig. 1

From: In-utero exposure to phenols and phthalates and the intelligence quotient of boys at 5 years

Fig. 1

Path diagram illustrating associations between phenols, phthalate metabolites and IQ of boys. Shapes representations: circles: latent variables, rectangles: observed variables, dashed and solid arrows: linear relationships, double headed arrows: correlations. Abbreviations: MP: methyl paraben, EP: ethyl paraben, PP: propyl paraben, BP: butyl paraben, DEHP: di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate metabolites, MECPP: mono(2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl) phthalate, MEHHP: mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate, MEOHP: mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl) phthalate, MEHP: mono(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate. Phenols represents 2,5-dichlorophenol, benzophenone 3, bisphenol A and triclosan. Phthalates represents mono-n-butyl phthalate, monobenzyl phthalate, monocarboxy-isononyl phthalate, monocarboxy-isooctyl phthalate, mono(3-carboxypropyl) phthalate, monoethyl phthalate and mono-isobutyl phthalate. Confounders include maternal age, age of child at IQ assessment, HOME stimulation score, maternal body mass index before pregnancy, parental education level, parity, monthly revenue, breast feeding duration and maternal psychological difficulties during pregnancy

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