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Table 2 Risk of an incident cardiovascular event associated with each air pollutant

From: High-resolution mapping of traffic related air pollution with Google street view cars and incidence of cardiovascular events within neighborhoods in Oakland, CA

Outcome Events Hazard Ratio (95% CI)a
NO2 NO Black carbon
First cardiovascular event
 Cardiovascular event or deathb 693 1.03 (0.94, 1.12) 1.03 (0.95, 1.12) 0.99 (0.92, 1.07)
 Myocardial infarction 224 1.08 (0.93, 1.26) 1.08 (0.95, 1.23) 1.05 (0.91, 1.20)
 Revascularization 130 0.99 (0.81, 1.22) 1.01 (0.84, 1.21) 1.03 (0.86, 1.23)
 Stroke 325 0.97 (0.85, 1.11) 0.98 (0.87, 1.11) 0.96 (0.85, 1.08)
 Coronary heart disease event or deathc 394 1.05 (0.94, 1.18) 1.06 (0.95, 1.17) 1.05 (0.95, 1.16)
 Cerebrovascular disease event or deathd 337 0.99 (0.87, 1.12) 0.99 (0.88, 1.12) 0.95 (0.85, 1.07)
Cardiovascular death
 Coronary heart disease death 130 1.09 (0.89, 1.34) 1.05 (0.88, 1.25) 1.12 (0.94, 1.33)
 Cerebrovascular disease death 27 1.38 (0.93, 2.06) 1.13 (0.86, 1.49) 0.92 (0.58, 1.45)
  1. All models were adjusted for age, race, sex, BMI, NDI, smoking, baseline co-morbidities, medications
  2. aEstimated hazard ratios per increase of one standard deviation in the median long-term exposure to each traffic-related air pollutant
  3. bEvents include myocardial infarction, coronary revascularization, stroke, death from coronary heart disease, and death from cerebrovascular disease
  4. cEvents include myocardial infarction, coronary revascularization, and death from coronary heart disease
  5. dEvents include stroke and death from cerebrovascular disease