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Table 4 For diabetics and non-diabetics, risk of an incident cardiovascular event associated with each air pollutant

From: High-resolution mapping of traffic related air pollution with Google street view cars and incidence of cardiovascular events within neighborhoods in Oakland, CA

Outcome Events Hazard Ratio (95% CI)a
NO2 NO Black carbon
Diabetics (N = 2898):
First cardiovascular event
 Cardiovascular event or deathb 216 1.04 (0.90,1.21) 1.06 (0.93,1.20) 1.03 (0.89,1.18)
 Myocardial infarction 71 1.04 (0.81,1.33) 1.03 (0.83,1.29) 1.09 (0.86,1.37)
 Revascularization 36 1.01 (0.70,1.46) 1.03 (0.75,1.42) 1.01 (0.72,1.41)
 Stroke 102 1.09 (0.88,1.35) 1.08 (0.91,1.29) 1.04 (0.84,1.28)
 Coronary heart disease event or deathc 128 0.98 (0.81,1.20) 1.02 (0.86,1.22) 1.07 (0.90,1.28)
 Cerebrovascular disease event or deathd 103 1.09 (0.88,1.34) 1.07 (0.90,1.29) 1.01 (0.82,1.25)
Cardiovascular death
 Coronary heart disease death 47 0.91 (0.65,1.28) 1.00 (0.74,1.36) 1.17 (0.90,1.53)
 Cerebrovascular disease death 9 1.12 (0.56,2.24) 0.94 (0.49,1.82) 0.90 (0.40,2.01)
Non-diabetics (N = 38,971):
First cardiovascular event
 Cardiovascular event or deathb 477 1.02 (0.93,1.13) 1.02 (0.93,1.12) 0.98 (0.89,1.07)
 Myocardial infarction 147 1.10 (0.93,1.31) 1.10 (0.94,1.29) 1.03 (0.87,1.21)
 Revascularization 94 0.99 (0.79,1.24) 1.00 (0.81,1.24) 1.04 (0.85,1.27)
 Stroke 223 0.92 (0.78,1.07) 0.92 (0.79,1.08) 0.92 (0.80,1.06)
 Coronary heart disease event or deathc 266 1.08 (0.95,1.23) 1.07 (0.95,1.21) 1.04 (0.92,1.17)
 Cerebrovascular disease event or deathd 234 0.95 (0.81,1.10) 0.95 (0.82,1.10) 0.92 (0.81,1.06)
Cardiovascular death     
 Coronary heart disease death 83 1.18 (0.94,1.48) 1.08 (0.87,1.33) 1.09 (0.88,1.35)
 Cerebrovascular disease death 18 1.47 (0.95,2.28) 1.28 (0.88,1.87) 0.91 (0.53,1.58)
  1. All models were adjusted for age, race, sex, BMI, NDI, smoking, baseline co-morbidities, medications
  2. aEstimated hazard ratios per increase of one standard deviation in the median long-term exposure to each traffic-related air pollutant
  3. bEvents include myocardial infarction, coronary revascularization, stroke, death from coronary heart disease, and death from cerebrovascular disease
  4. cEvents include myocardial infarction, coronary revascularization, and death from coronary heart disease
  5. dEvents include stroke and death from cerebrovascular disease