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Table 1 Mean (SD) for subjective symptoms in 18 recreationally active males prior to and following exercise or rest

From: The pulmonary and autonomic effects of high-intensity and low-intensity exercise in diesel exhaust

  Rest Low-Intensity High-Intensity
Mean (SD) [95% CI]
Nasal Symptoms
 Pre 0.33 (0.45) 0.22 (0.43)* 0.44 (0.48)
 Post 0.42 (0.65)** 0.64 (0.76)* 1.08 (1.06)
 1 h post 0.25 (0.39) 0.17 (0.30) 0.39 (0.63)*
 2 h post 0.19 (0.31) 0.08 (0.26) * 0.17 (0.34)*
Throat/Chest Symptoms
 Pre 0.28 (0.39)* 0.25 (0.43) * 0.14 (0.33) *
 Post 0.81 (0.79)** 0.83 (0.66)** 2.56 (2.07)
 1 h post 0.39 (0.47) 0.17 (0.34) * Φ 0.33 (0.42) *
 2 h post 0.33 (0.42)* 0.31 (0.49) * 0.28 (0.39) *
Eye Symptoms
 Pre 0.36 (0.17) 0.19 (0.11) 0.11 (0.09)
 Post 0.17 (0.07) 0.22 (0.08) 0.50 (0.17)
 1 h post 0.14 (0.08) 0.11 (0.09) 0.14 (0.07)
 2 h post 0.08 (0.06) 0.06 (0.04) 0.11 (0.07)
Other Symptoms
 Pre 0.19 (0.07) 0.22 (0.09) 0.14 (0.07)*
 Post 0.47 (0.17)** 0.67 (0.17)* ** 2.11 (0.34)
 1 h post 0.14 (0.07) ** 0.31 (0.11) 0.67 (0.23)*
 2 h post 0.11 (0.07) ** 0.14 (0.05) 0.31 (0.09)*
  1. *significantly less than post in the corresponding intensity, p < 0.05
  2. **significantly less than high-intensity at the corresponding time point, p < 0.05
  3. Φ significantly less than rest at the corresponding time point, p < 0.05