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Table 2 Examples of results from radiation epidemiological studies with and without adjusting for exposure estimation errors

From: Methods to account for uncertainties in exposure assessment in studies of environmental exposures

Studies Exposure Outcome Error-correction Method Measures of Association Unadjusted risk effect with 95% confidence interval Adjusted risk effect with 95% confidence interval Percent change after adjustment
Little et al. (2015) [9] 131-I thyroid dose Thyroid cancer Regression Calibration Excess odds ratio/Gy 1.51 (0.53, 3.86) 1.31 (0.47, 3.31) −13%
MCML Excess odds ratio/Gy 1.51 (0.53, 3.86) 1.48 (0.53, 3.87) − 2%
BMA Excess odds ratio/Gy 1.51 (0.53, 3.86) 1.16 (0.20,4.32) ** −23%
Land et al. (2015) [8] External thyroid dose Thyroid nodules BMA Excess relative risk/Gy 4.16 (0.54, 7.77) 1.47 (4.1E-05,3.74) ** −64%
Internal thyroid dose BMA Excess relative risk/Gy 0.88 (0.24, 1.52) 3.59 (0.11, 9.73) ** + 308%
Kesminiene et al. (2008) [64] Gamma-ray bone marrow dose Hematological malignancies MCML Relative risk at 100 mGy 0.60 (− 0.02, 2.35)* 0.60 (− 0.01 2.58)* 0%
Stayner et al. (2007) [21] Gamma-ray whole-body dose All cancer mortality (excluding leukemia) MCML Excess relative risk/Sv 5.38 (0.54, 12.58)* 4.82 (0.41, 13.31)* −10.4%
Allodji et al. (2015) [50] Gamma-ray colon dose Solid cancer deaths Regression Calibration Excess relative risk/Gy 0.43 (0.35, 0.51) 0.46 (0.38, 0.55) + 6.7%
SIMEX Excess relative risk/Gy 0.43 (0.35, 0.51) 0.60 (0.50, 0.69) + 38.4%
Gamma-ray bone marrow dose Leukemia deaths Regression Calibration Excess relative risk/Gy 3.86 (2.70, 5.02) 4.14 (2.90, 5.39) + 7.3%
SIMEX Excess relative risk/Gy 3.86 (2.70, 5.02) 4.62 (3.30, 5.93) + 19.6%
  1. *90% Confidence interval
  2. **95% Bayesian credible interval