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Table 4 Distributed lag models for association between air pollutant levels and mortality by age groupa

From: Particulate air pollution on cardiovascular mortality in the tropics: impact on the elderly

  Percentage change (95% confidence interval)
Lags 0–5 Lags 0–15 Lags 0–30
Non Accidental Mortality
 < 65 years PM10 0.105 (− 0.641, 0.856) − 0.726 (− 1.659, 0.216) − 1.214 (− 2.442, 0.029)
PM2.5 −0.073 (− 1.039, 0.903) − 1.045 (− 2.246, 0.171) −1.694 (− 3.220, − 0.143)
 > 65 years PM10 0.771 (0.265, 1.279) 0.376 (− 0.345, 1.102) 0.146 (− 0.980, 1.284)
PM2.5 0.955 (0.297, 1.618) 0.447 (− 0.501, 1.405) 0.241 (− 1.229, 1.733)
Cardiovascular Mortality
 < 65 years PM10 − 0.706 (− 2.038, 0.645) − 0.885 (− 2.466, 0.721) −1.456 (− 3.411, 0.539)
PM2.5 −1.145 (−2.872, 0.613) − 1.302 (− 3.332, 0.771) −2.015 (− 4.417, 0.447)
 > 65 years PM10 1.236 (0.436, 2.042) − 0.288 (− 1.366, 0.801) −2.085 (− 3.614, − 0.532)
PM2.5 1.478 (0.437, 2.530) −0.655 (− 2.060, 0.771) −2.721 (− 4.667, − 0.736)
  1. aPer 10 μg/m3 increase in PM10 and PM2.5
  2. Results highlighted in bold are statistically significant