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Table 5 Characterization of uncertainty* by source in the estimates of the annual burden of disease attributable to extreme heat (EH) and extreme precipitation (EP) exposures in the historical (1971–2000) and projected (2040–2070) periods

From: Assessing the magnitude and uncertainties of the burden of selected diseases attributable to extreme heat and extreme precipitation under a climate change scenario in Michigan for the period 2041–2070

Exposure and Response Baseline health effect estimate Population estimate Exposure estimate Exposure-response association Costs
Historical
 EH-mortality Low Low Low Moderate High
 EH hospitalizations Low Low Low Moderate Moderate
 EH-ED visits Moderate Low Low Moderate Moderate
 EP-GI illness ED visits Moderate Low Low Moderate Moderate
Projected
 EH-mortality Moderate Moderate Moderate Moderate High
 EH-renal hospitalizations Moderate Moderate Moderate Moderate High
 EH-ED visits Moderate Moderate Moderate Moderate High
 EP-GI illness ED visits Moderate Moderate High High High
  1. *Approximate range of the uncertainty around the central estimate: Low = ±49%, Moderate = −99% to −50% or + 50% to + 99%, High = ≤ −100% or ≥ + 200%