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Table 1 Summary features MMTVT cases (1943-2018)

From: Asbestos exposure and malignant mesothelioma of the tunica vaginalis testis: a systematic review and the experience of the Apulia (southern Italy) mesothelioma register

YearAuthor (Reference)N° CasesAge YearsAsbestos Exposure (latency in years)Follow Up MonthsSide-LateralityHistologic SubtypeRecurrence MonthsClinical Presentation Onset
11943Evans [4]266NA2LEFTNANAMASS
    53NANALEFTNANASMALL NODULE PAINLESS
21945Robinson [28]230NANANANANANA
    28NANANANANANA
31947Patterson [29]1NANANANANANANA
41949Foote [30]1NANAdeadNANAmetastasisNA
51949Fajers [5]527NANARIGHTNANANA
    35NANALEFTNANANA
    50NANALEFTNANANA
    45NANARIGHTNANANA
    58NANaRIGHTNANANA
61958Reynolds [31]145NO6 aliveRIGHTpapillary epithelioidNALARGE MASS HYDROCELE
71968Kozlowski [32]163NANAspermatic cordbiphasicNAMASS
81968Abell [9]278NA45 deadNAbiphasicmetastasisNA
    70NA16 deadNAbiphasicmetastasisNA
91969Kasdon [33]258NA36 deadRIGHTpapillary epithelioid12HYDROCELE
    72NA36 recurrenceRIGHTpapillary epithelioId5HYDROCELE
101969Arlen [34]140NA216LEFT spermatic cordNAmetastasisMASS
111973Johnson [35]123NA3RIGHTpapillary epithelioid3 aliveSWELLING AND MILD DISCOMFORT
121975Fishelovitch [36]160NA12 aliveLEFTpapillary epithelioidNOSWELLING, HYDROCELE
131976Fligiel [37]168pipe insulator for 40 years (pleural plaque)20 deadRIGHTpapillary epithelioidNAPAIN AND SWELLING
141976Pugh [38]2NANO48 aliveNApapillary epithelioidNOHYDROCELE
    NANO84NApapillary epithelioid84 recurrenceHYDROCELE
151976Pizzolato [39]157Sugar raffinery worker41 deadRIGHTpapillary epithelioid12 recurrenceURETHRAL STRUCTURE, SECONDARY URINARY EXTRAVASION WITH URETHRITIS AND RECURRENT INGUINAL HERNIA
161977Eimoto [40]135NO2 deadLEFTfibrousNASWELLING
171977Tuttle [41]137NANARIGHT spermatic cordfibrousNAMASS
181978Sinha [42]165NA24 aliveRIGHTpapillary epithelioidNASWELLING
191978Jaffe [43]177NO12 deadLEFTpapillary epithelioidLocal recurrenceSWELLING
201981Benisch [44]164NO8SCROTUM NAfibrousNOMASS
211981Kossow [14]150NA24 NEDRIGHTpapillary epithelioidNOMASS
221981Blitzer [45]174NA30LEFT spermatic cordNANOPAINLESS, MASS
231982Japko [46]130Insulator for 8 years6 NEDRIGHTBiphasicNOSWELLING
241982Chen [47]164NA30 deadRIGHTBiphasic24 recurrenceSWELLING
251982Hollands [48]163NA24RIGHT TESTISBiphasic12 recurrenceHYDROCELE, SWELLING
261982Slaysman [49]120NA Maffucci SyndromeNAbilateralpapillary epithelioidRecurrence bilateralSWELLING
271983Zidar [50]163NA32NApapillary epithelioidNANA
281983Mc Donald [51]221NA24RIGHT HEMI-SCROTUM bilateralpapillary epithelioid24 recurrencePAINFUL GRADUAL ENLARGMENT
    29NA20 NEDRIGHT HEMI-SCROTUMpapillary epithelioidNO 20PAINFUL GRADUAL ENLARGMENT
291983Van Der Rhee [52]186NO36 deadLEFT HEMI-SCROTUMpapillary epithelioid12 recurrenceHAEMATOSCROTUM
301984Antman [53]658pipefitter60LEFT INGUINALpapillary solid polypoid tissue60 metastasisHYDROCELE, INGUINAL HERNIA
    73shipyard plumber for 25 years33 deadRIGHTpapillary epithelioid12 metastasisHYDROCELE
    23NA180LEFTNA180 metastasisSLOWLY ENLARGEMENT
    63machinist for 20 years48 deadLEFTpapillary epithelioid4 metastasisMASS
    52NO24 deadRIGHTpapillary epithelioid14 metastasisMASS
    43construction worker for 16 years48 NEDRIGHTpapillary epithelioidNOEPIDIDIMITE
311984Yamanishi [54]134NA6RIGHTbiphasicNOMASS
321984Khan [55]142NO9 deadRIGHT epididymisbiphasic6 metastasisPAINFULL, SWELLING
331985Vakalikos [56]126NA12 NEDRIGHTpapillary pseudotu-bularNO 12SWELLING INGUINAL
341985Ehya [57]163NA52LEFTpapillary epithelioid50 metastasisHYDROCELE
351986Karunaharan [58]140plastic fenolica worker for 20 years14 deadRIGHTglandular structure papillary epithelioid9 metastasis 12 local recurrenceIRREGULAR MASS
361986Petersen [59]151NA30NANA30 alive recurrenceNA
371987Cartwright [60]149NA4RIGHTpapillary epithelioid24 metastasisHYDROCELE
381987Fitzmaurice [61]172NA18 NEDLEFTpapillary epithelioidNO 18SWELLING
391988Linn [62]120NANALEFTpapillary epithelioidNAPAIN, SWELLING
401988Prescott [63]161Pleural plaques21 deadLEFTBiphasic papillary, pseudo-glandular
component
8
Local recurrence metastasis
HYDROCELE
411988Velasco [64]114NA24LEFTpapillary epithelioidNO 24ABDOMINAL MASS
421989Tyagi [65]179Shipyard worker24 deadLEFTpapillary epithelioidmetastasisSWELLING
431989Grove [27] 66Carpenter for 10 years42RIGHTpapillary epithelioid24 metastasis
42 alive local recurrence
SWELLING
HYDROCELE
    79NO60 deadRIGHTepithelial papillary60 Prostatic metastasisMASS
    58NO108 NEDLEFTTubule papillary108 NEDHYDROCELE
441990Kamiya [66]132NO5LEFTpapillaryNO 5ELASTIC AND INDOLENT TUMOR
451990Smith [67]157NOaliveLEFTpapillary epithelioid48 Local recurrence metastasisSWELLING
461990Carp [23]154NO64 deadLEFTpapillary epithelioid38 Local recurrence metastasisMASS
471991Kuwabara [68]160NO65 deadRIGHTBiphasic60 metastasisSWELLING
481992Pfister [69]17NA16LEFTpapillary epithelioidNO 16SWELLING
491992Adler [70]162occupational12RIGHTNANO 12PAINFUL ENLARGEMENT
501992Serio(7 [71]169railway cleaner for 10 years10LEFTtubulo-papillaryNO 10SWELLING
511992Noble [72]162NANALEFTpapillary epithelioidNASWELLING, HYDROCELE
521992Fields [73]191Steel industry worker indirect exposureNANABiphasicNASWELLING
531994Moch [74]180NO25 NEDRIGHTpapillary epithelioidNOPAINLESS SWELLING
541994Saw [75]163Occupational for 7 years [20]6LEFTBiphasicNO 6HYDROCELE
551994Reynard [76]176NANARIGHTtubulo-glandular1 recurrencePAINLESS SWELLING
561994Wenger [77]125NANARIGHTNANAPAINFUL MASS
571994Watanabe [78]167Insulator for 17 years asbestosis10 deadLEFTbiphasicmultifocalNA
581995Amin [79]159NO189RIGHTpapillary epithelioidNO 188PAINLESS SWELLING
591995Magoha [80]1NANANANAfibrousNANA
601995Huncharek
[81]
145insulator Electrical power plant144RIGHTepithelialNOPAINLESS MASS
611995Umekawa [82]167NO8 deadRIGHTepithelial6 metastasisSWELLING
621995Eden [83]262NO6LEFTNANO 6HYDROCELE
    76Chemist for 10 years27 aliveLEFTepithelial6 recurrenceHYDROCELE
631995Joseph [84]126NANALEFTNANATWO PINK TO-PURPLE NODULES
641995Lopez [85]147NA36NApapillary epithelioidNO 36HYDROCELE
651995Jones [86]1175NALost follow upNAepithelialNAHYDROCELE
    12NA12 nedNAepithelialNO 12HYDROCELE
    39NO3NAepithelialNAPARATESTICULAR MASS
    50NO24NAepithelial24 local recurrenceHYDROCELE
    41NO3NAbiphasicNAPARATESTICULAR MASS
    65NA180NAbiphasic180 metastasisPARATESTICULAR MASS
    76pipe fitter for 10 years48 deadNAbiphasicNAHYDROCELE
    58NA36 deadNAbiphasicNAHYDROCELE
    67NO3NAbiphasicNAPARATESTICULAR MASS
    70NA48 deadNAepithelialNAHYDROCELE
    42NA24NAepithelialAlive with diseaseHYDROCELE
661996Ahmed [87]180dock worker for 10 years24 deadLEFTpapillary epithelioid3 local recurrenceHYDROCELE
671996Ascoli [88]155Insulator6RIGHTbiphasicNASWELLING
681996Mathew [89]270NA3 deadLEFTNAspinal metastasisSWELLING
    58NA2 deadRIGHTNAspinal metastasisENLARGMENT
691997Berti [90]175NO15LEFTpapillary epithelioidNO 15HYDROCELE
701997Agapitos [91]260NA20LEFTbiphasicNASWELLING
    84NA10LEFTbiphasicNO 10HYDROCELE
711997Khan [92]16NA24BILATERALpapillary epithelioidNO 24HYDROCELE
721998Gupta SC [93]136NO10RIGHTpapillary epithelioid1,5 metastasisHYDROCELE
731998Lee [94]245NA4RIGHTNA4 metastasisHYDROCELE
    66NA6LEFTpapillary epithelioidNO 6HYDROCELE
741998Plas [95]114NO12RIGHTpapillary epithelioidNO 12ENLARGEMENT
751999Kanazawa [96]138maintenance air conditioning system for 20 years156BILATERALepithelial36 local recurrenceINGUINAL HERNIA
761999Harmse [97]170NO120RIGHTepithelialNAMASS
771999Gupta NP [98]269NA18 deadRIGHTbiphasicmetastasisSWELLING
    51NA5 deadLEFTbiphasicmetastasisENLARGEMENT
782000Fujisaki [99]132NO36RIGHTepithelialNO 36SWELLING
792000Poggi [100]147NA8RIGHTepithelialNAPARATESTICULAR MASS
802000Attanoos [13]371dockyard crane driver for 20 years (ASBESTOS BODIES)NARIGHTbiphasicNAHYDROCELE
    77NO50LEFTepithelialNAMASS
    33NO37LEFTepithelialNAMASS
812000Ferri [101]164NA36NAepithelialNAOSTRUZIONE CERVICO-URETRALE
822001Wolanske
[102]
171NO3RIGHTNANO 3NODLE
832001Sebbag [103]234NO62 aliveLEFTepithelialNO 6OINGUINAL MASS
    19NO24 deadLEFTepithelial11 recurrenceSCROTAL MASS
842001Gurdal [104]167NO30RIGHTepithelial24 recurrenceHYDROCELE RECIDIVANTE
852002Abe [105]181NO12 deadLEFTepithelial7 metastasisHYDROCELE
862002Bruno [106]185NONARIGHT HEMI-SCROTUMepithelialNASWELLING
872002Iczkowski
[107]
171NO26 deadLEFT HEMI-SCROTUMepithelial19 liver metastasisPAINFULL SWELLING
882003Black [108]167NA36 deadRIGHTepithelial3 recurrenceHYDROCELE
892003Garcia de Jalon [109]178carpenter3RIGHTtubulo-papillary3 metastasisINCREASE IN THE VOLUME THE TESTIS
902004Pelzer [110]121NO24BILATERALepithelialNARECURRENT PAIN
912004Sawada [111]148NO72RIGHTbiphasicNO 72SWELLING
922004Mishra [112]175NANANANANANA
932004Shimada [113]164NO18RIGHTbiphasic80% sarco-matoidNOSWELLING
942005Wang [114]181NONARIGHTtubulo-papillaryNASCROTAL MASS
952005Gorini [115]267maintenance of locomotives for 30 years [42]24LEFTepithelialNO 24MASS
    80maintenance of tractors for 6 years [67]24RIGHTbiphasicNASWELLING
962005Spiess [116] (no individual data)557-8345-68 (4 dead 1 disease free survival 68)NANAMetastasis in 4 casesNA
972006Van Apeldoorn
[117]
183NO but with pleural thickening at CT1 deadRIGHTepithelialliver metastasisSCROTAL ENLARGEMENT
Chyluria
982006Schure [118]345NO48LEFTNANO 48SWELLING
    35NO4 deadLEFTNA2 metastasisMASS INGUINO-SCROTAL
    26NO18LEFTNANO 18INGUINAL MASS
992006Winstanley
[119]
1854NO12 deadRIGHTNANAFOLLOWING A FALL
    56Dockyard worker60NANA60 metastasisSOVRAPUBIC MASS
    59NO24 deadLEFTNANARECURRENT HYDROCELE
    52NO48LEFTNANO 48RECURRENT HYDROCELE
    49NA24NANANO 24HYDROCELE
    79NA1LEFTNANO 1HYDROCELE
    70NA12 deadRIGHTNANABLOOD STAINED HYDROCELE
    62NA24 deadLEFTNANORECURRENT HYDROCELE
    45NA6LEFTNANO 6SWELLING TESTICULAR
    65NA60RIGHTNANO 60HYDROCELE
    75NO36LEFTNANAHYDROCELE
    73NO12 deadLEFTNA12 metastasisTESTICULAR SWELLING
    45NA72NANANO 72NA
    58NO36LEFTNANO 36HYDROCELE HISTORY E YEARS
    NANANANANANANA
    NANANANANANANA
    NANANANANANANA
    NANONANANANANA
1002007Al Qahtani [120]139NA84LEFTNANO 84HYDROCELE
1012007Liguori [121]168NA70LEFTepithelial24 recurrenceINGUINAL MASS
1022007Guney [122]145NO3RIGHTpapillaryNO 3TESTICULAR MASS
1032008Boyum [123]160NO23LEFTbiphasicNASCROTAL SWELLING
RECURRENT EPIDIDYMITIS
1042008Candura [124]138petrochemical worker for 16 years15RIGHTepithelialNO 15HYDROCELE
1052008Mathur [125]265FarmerNALEFTpapillaryNASWELLING
    60NANARIGHTepithelialNASWELLING
1062008Ikegami [126]167Painting worker26 deadRIGHTepithelial24 liver metastasisPAINLESS SWELLING
1072008Barui [127]142NONARIGHTtubulo-papillaryNASCROTAL MASS
1082008Goel [128]165Farmer72LEFTepithelialNAPAINLESS SWELLING
1092009Al Salam [129]183NONALEFTepithelialNASCROTAL SWELLING
1102009Baccheta [130]163NO30 deadRIGHTepithelialNANA
1112009Chen [131]167Occupational [40]7RIGHTbiphasicNO 7RIGHT HYDROCELE AND LONG-STANDING BILATERAL HYDROCELE
1122009De Lima [132]115NO12RIGHTepithelial PAINLESS INCREASE IN SCROTUM VOLUME
1132010Brimo MUMP
[11]
843NA108 aliveNApapillary
tubulo
papillary
108 NEDHYDROCELE
    49NA24 aliveNApapillary
tubulo
papillary
24 NEDHYDROCELE
    73NA8 aliveNApapillary
tubulo
papillary
8 NEDHYDROCELE
    34NA36 aliveNApapillary
tubulo
papillary
36 NEDSCROTAL MASS
    61NA60 deadNApapillary
tubulo
papillary
18 NEDHYDROCELE
    53NA564 deadNApapillary
tubulo
papillary
564HYDROCELE
    57NANANApapillary
tubulo
papillary
NAHYDROCELE
    50NANANApapillary
tubulo
papillary
NAHYDROCELE
1142010Aggarwal
[133]
175NA76 deadLEFTNA30 recurrenceSCROTAL ENLARGEMENT
1152010Bisceglia [134]174NO101RIGHTtubulo-papillary24 recurrenceTESTICULAR PAIN
1162010Klaassen [135]137NO6LEFTpapillary epitheliode6 NOMASS
1172011Trpkov [12]MUMP157NO72 NEDNApapillary epitheliodeNOHYDROCELE
1182011Gupta R [136]180NANARIGHTtubulo-
papillary
NASWELLING OF 3 YEARS DURATION
1192011Park [137]165Foundry worker for 4 years6 deadLEFTpapillary3 recurrencePALPABLE MASS
1202011Grey Venyo [138]169NONALEFTepithelial2 recurrenceSWELLING
1212011Bass [139]164worked on a naval vessel44 aliveLEFTpapillary20 recurrenceSCROTAL SWELLING
1222012Ahmed [140]178NO6RIGHTepithelioidNO 6PAINFUL SWELLING
1232012Whan Doo [141]136NO1RIGHTNANO 1PAINLESS SWELLING
1242012Abdelrahman
[142]
154FarmerNARIGHTbiphasicNASWELLING
1252012Esen [143]138NO26LEFTepitheloidNO 26PAIN AND SWELLING
1262012Bo Hai [144]626NO24LEFT spermatic cordepithelialNO 24SPERMATIC CORD MASS
    67NO24LEFTepithelialLocal recurrenceSCROTAL MASS, BILATERAL HYDROCELE
    57NO24RIGHT
spermatic
cord
epithelialLocal recurrenceMASS
    46YES24 deadLEFTepithelialDODACUTE APPENDIX, TESTIS PAIN
    78NO24LEFTepithelialLocal recurrenceSCROTAL MASS, BILATERAL HYDROCELE
    76YES24 deadLEFTepithelialDODSCROTAL MASS
1272012Priester [145]171NA24 deadRIGHTepithelial17 recurrenceHYDROCELE
1282012Heng Yen [146]153NO36LEFTtubulopapillaryNO 36RECURRENT EPIDIDYMITIS, HYDROCELE
1292012Mrinakova [147]120environmental41LEFT TESTISpapillaryNO 41PAINLESS HYDROCELE
1302012Mensi [148]1372NA8RIGHTepithelialNAHYDROCELE AND ENLARGEMENT
    73Familial for 4 years44LEFTbiphasicNAHYDROCELE
    76Occupational maintenace worker for 32 years9LEFTepithelialNASCROTAL HERNIA
    80Household for 11 years18RIGHTbiphasicNAHYDROCELE
    60NA15RIGHTepithelialNAINGUINAL-SCROTAL HERNIA
    82Occupational spinner for 32 years25LEFTsarcomatousNATESTICULAR MASS
    38Occupational maintenace worker for 16 years33RIGHTepithelialNATESTICULAR PAIN AND SPERMATIC CORD TORSION
    69NA52LEFTdesmoplasticNAHYDROCELE
    85NA14LEFTpoorly differentationNAHYDROCELE
    69NA39LEFTsarcomatousNATESTICULAR MASS
    76Occupatonal textile worker for 11 years42RIGHTepithelialNAHYDROCELE
    77Occupational bricklayer for 24 years8LEFTepithelialNAHYDROCELE
    74Occupatonal bricklayer for 28 years6LEFTepithelialNATESTICULAR MASS, HYDROCELE
1312012Vijayan [149]189Familial (son asbestosis)3 deadLEFTpapillary1 recurrenceSWELLING
1322012Shelton [150]1NANANANAtubulo papillaryNANA
1332012Gemba no individual data [151]5na3 /5 (construction, shipbuilding, steel production)NANANANANA
1342013Busto Martin
[152]
161NO120RIGHTbiphasicNO 120INCREASE OF RIGHT SCROTUM SIZE WITH PAIN
1352013Gkentzis [153]155NANALEFTepitheliod24 recurrenceMASS PALPABLE
1362013Weng [154]128NO12LEFTtubulo
papillary
NO 12SCROTAL TENDERNESS AND SWELLING
1372013Meng [155]145NO6 alive NEDLEFTepitheliodNOMASS
1382013Rajan [156]118NA14 deadLEFTpapillary,multycistic10 metastasisSCROTAL PAIN AND SWELLLING
1392013MeisenKothen [157]960Occupational asbestos cement pipe and domestic for 10 years [53]15 deadRIGHTNA15 recurrenceNA
    70Familial domestic occupational mechanic for 30 years [64]46 aliveRIGHTepithelioidNO 46NA
    59Domestic occupational US navy railroad [48]71 aliveRIGHTepithelioidNO 71MASS
    44Occupational mining worker for 24 years [26]14 deadRIGHT
Spermatic cord
epithelioid14 DODNA
    74occupational shipping industry for 30 years [58]54 deadRIGHTbiphasic24 recurrenceINGUINAL MASS
    63Occupational automobile manufacturing for 8 years [48]1 deadRIGHTephitelioid1 metastasisNA
    51Hobby and occupational asbestos cement pipe for 7 years [41]54 aliveLEFTepithelioidNO 54HYDROCELE
    51Occupational petrochemical plant worker and hobby for [31]43 aliveRIGHTNANO 43NA
    65Occupational mechanic and hobby for 23 years [49]39LEFTepithelioidNO 39NA
1402014Lin Nei Hsu [158]17650 years house environmental residential8RIGHTbiphasicNOSWELLING
1412014Gomes da Fonseca [159]162NO5 deadLEFTepithelioid3 metastasisENLARGEMENT
1422014Stradella [160]151Possible occupationalNARIGHTbiphasicNAHYDROCELE
1432014Yang [161]168Farmer6RIGHTepithelioidNOPAINFUL
1442015Akin [162]149NO48LEFTpapillaryNATESTICULAR MASS
1452015Bandyopadhyay [163]140FarmerNANApapillaryNASCROTAL SWELLING
1462015Jankovichova
[164]
167Environmental residential roof eternit and occupational lorry driver construction material44LEFTepithelioid14 local recurrenceHYDROCELE
1472015Silverio [165]182NANANANANANA
1482015D’Antonio [166]180Occupational railway workers12RIGHT spermatic cordtubulo-
papillarymm
NO 12PAINLESS MASS
1492015Segura [167] Gonzales158NO6LEFTepithelioidNO 6SWELLING
1502015Alesawi [168]169NO12RIGHTtubulo-
papillary
NO 12HYDROCELE
1512016Hispan [169]193Occupational aluminum factory for 40 yearsNALEFTtubulo-
papillary
NA cutaneous metastasisMUTIPLE NODULES
1522016Mrinakova
[170]
267Occupational environmental62LEFTtubulo-
papillary
24 recurrenceHYDROCELE
    20environmental91LEFTepithelioidNO 91HYDROCELE
1532016Ahmed [171]145Occupaional truck driverNAspermatic cordbiphasicNASWELLING
1542016Andresen
[172]
160Occupational27RIGHTNA24 recurrenceSWELLING
hydrocele
1552016Serio [173]277Occupational machines ship44 deadLEFTepithelioid26 recurrenceSWELLING
    82NO63 deadLEFTepithelioid53 recurrencehydrocele
1562016Bertolotto
[174]
764NANARIGHTepithelioidNASCROTAL ENLARGEMENT
    60NA66LEFTepithelioidNO 66MASS
    65NA132 deadLEFTepithelioidNASCROTAL ENLARGEMENT
    70NA24 deadRIGHTepithelioidNASCROTAL ENLARGEMENT
    82NA6RIGHTepithelioidNO 6PALPABLE MASS
    63NANABILATERALNANASCROTAL ENLARGEMENT
    75NANARIGHTNANAPALPABLE MASS
1572017Zhang [175]150NA24LEFTbiphasicNO 24PAINLESS ENLARGEMENT
1582017Arda [176]184NANALEFTepithelioidNOSCROTAL SWELLING
1592017Recabal [177]
No individual data
1539-662/1542 medianNApapillaryNANA
1602017Shaikh [178]165NO24BILATERALbiphasicNO 24BILATERAL PAINLESS SCROTAL SWELLING
1612017An [179]774NONANAbiphasicNAHYDROCELE
    67YES47NAbiphasicNO 47SCROTAL MASS
    58NO65NAepithelioidNO 65SPERMATOCELE
    43NO14NAepithelioid14 recurrenceSCROTAL MASS
    47NO155NANANO 155HYDROCELE
    85YES19NAepithelioidNO 19HYDROCELE
    71NO15NANANO 15HYDROCELE
1622017Maheshwari
[180]
120NO16 deadLEFTNANASCROTAL SWELLING
1632018Abello [181]180NO26RIGHTbiphasic24 recurrencePAINLESS TESTICULAR MASS
1642018Trenti [182]140NO72 NEDLEFTtubulo-
papillary epithelioid
72 NEDHYDROCELE
1652018Zhang [183]165NO72 aliveLEFTNA72 metastasisHYDROCELE BILATERAL
 2018Current cases475Occupational foundry worker for 4 years [46]141 aliveLEFTtubulo-
papillary epithelioid
NoMASS HYDROCELE
    77Occupational asbestos cement worker for 23 years
asbestosis pleural plaques [45]
2 deadLEFTtubulo-
papillary epithelioid
2 metastasisMASS
    78Occupational ship machinist ship then reclaimed for 3 years [58]40 deadLEFTtubulo-
papillary epithelioid
cardiopathMASS
    63Occupational mason cutting plates eternit trucker for 14 years [41]3 aliveLEFTtubulo-
papillary epithelioid
Recent case 3 months aliveMASS HYDROCELE
  1. LEGEND: NA not available, NED no evidence of disease, DOD dead of disease, CT computer tomography, MUMP mesothelioma uncertain malignant potential