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Table 6 The Effect of Power Plant Shutdown on PM2.5 and Mortalities

From: The impact of PM2.5 on mortality in older adults: evidence from retirement of coal-fired power plants in the United States

Dependent VariablesModels
(1)(2)(3)
 Effect of Plant Shutdown on Air Pollution
PM2.5 (μg/m3)−2.11***
(− 2.78 - -1.44)
−2.13***
(− 2.82 - -1.44)
−2.13***
(− 2.84 - -1.43)
 Effect of Plant Shutdown on Mortality
Overall Mortality−13.97***
(− 21.04 - -6.89)
− 13.74***
(− 20.27 - -7.22)
−15.31***
(− 21.80 - -8.82)
Male Mortality− 19.63***
(− 30.30 - -8.96)
− 19.53***
(− 29.75 - -9.32)
−21.10***
(− 31.61 - -10.59)
Female Mortality− 10.56**
(− 19.07 - -2.04)
−10.22**
(− 18.48 - -1.97)
−11.74***
(− 20.03 - -3.45)
Mortality, 65–751.11
(− 3.26–5.49)
1.14
(− 3.15–5.42)
0.09
(− 4.68–4.86)
Mortality, 75+−31.13***
(− 42.98 - -19.28)
−30.63***
(− 41.56 - -19.71)
−32.85***
(− 43.17 - -22.54)
Weather ControlsNYY
Socioeconomic ControlsNNY
County Fixed EffectsYYY
Month Fixed EffectsYYY
  1. Notes: This table reports the difference-in-differences regression coefficients and standard errors. The dependent variable is PM2.5 concentrations (μg/m3) in the row and the monthly standardized mortality rate per 100, 000 people in other rows. Weather controls include temperature, dew point, and barometric pressure. Socioeconomic controls include median household income and poverty rate. Standard errors are clustered at the state level. * p < 0.10, ** p < 0.05, *** p < 0.01