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Table 1 Occupational risk factors hierarchy and related causes included in GBD 2017

From: The disease burden attributable to 18 occupational risks in China: an analysis for the global burden of disease study 2017

Occupational risk factorsRelated causes
3AsthmagensAsthma
3Carcinogens 
 4ArsenicTracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer
 4AsbestosLarynx cancer
Mesothelioma
Ovarian cancer
Pneumoconiosis
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer
 4BenzeneLeukemia
 4BerylliumTracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer
 4CadmiumTracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer
 4ChromiumTracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer
 4Diesel engine exhaustTracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer
 4FormaldehydeLeukemia
Nasopharynx cancer
 4NickelTracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer
 4Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbonsTracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer
 4SilicaPneumoconiosis
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer
 4Sulfuric acidLarynx cancer
 4TrichloroethyleneKidney cancer
3Ergonomic factorsLow back pain
3InjuriesRoad injuries
Falls
Drowning
Exposure to mechanical forces
Poisonings
Other transport injuries
Other unintentional injuries
Fire, heat, and hot substances
Animal contact
Foreign body
3NoiseAge-related and other hearing loss
3Particulate matter, gases, and fumesCOPD
Pneumoconiosis