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Table 3 Association between pesticide (ever/never use) and aggressive PCa for those pesticides first reported at follow-up (Phase 2 and Phase 3 questionnaires) in the Agricultural Health Study (AHS)

From: Pesticide exposure and risk of aggressive prostate cancer among private pesticide applicators

Common nameFollow-up questionnaire (Phase 2 and Phase 3)b
N = 18,933
Non-caseAggressive PCaHRa (95% CI)
Herbicide
 Acetochlor
  Never use15,1106401
  Ever use3089940.87 (0.70, 1.09)
 Clethodim   
  Never use17,5267171
  Ever use673171.03 (0.64, 1.68)
 Clopyralid
  Never use16,5136901
  Ever use1686440.79 (0.58, 1.08)
 Cloransulam-methyl
  Never use17,4537091
  Ever use746251.13 (0.76, 1.69)
 Dimethenamid
  Never use17,2387091
  Ever use961250.82 (0.55, 1.23)
 Fenoxaprop-p-ethyl
  Never use17,2287031
  Ever use971311.00 (0.69, 1.44)
 Flumetsulam
  Never use16,6126871
  Ever use1587470.91 (0.67, 1.23)
 Fomesafen
  Never use16,9556901
  Ever use1244441.08 (0.80, 1.48)
 Glufosinate-ammonium
  Never use16,5386921
  Ever use1661420.81 (0.59, 1.11)
 Isoxaflutole
  Never use17,1727031
  Ever use1027311.03 (0.72, 1.49)
 Maleic hydrazide
  Never use17,3267091
  Ever use873250.91 (0.60, 1.38)
 Mesotrione
  Never use16,3126921
  Ever use1887420.80 (0.58, 1.10)
 Nicosulfuron
  Never use15,9316741
  Ever use2268600.78 (0.60, 1.03)
 Picloram
  Never use15,8486521
  Ever use2351820.97 (0.77, 1.23)
 Rimsulfuron
  Never use16,7286941
  Ever use1471400.83 (0.60, 1.15)
 Triclopyr
  Never use16,7886991
  Ever use1411350.68 (0.48, 0.95)
Insecticide
 Cyfluthrin
  Never use16,3996911
  Ever use1800430.81 (0.59, 1.10)
 Lambda-cyhalothrin
  Never use17,2577121
  Ever use942220.96 (0.63, 1.47)
 Tebupirimfos
  Never use17,0367021
  Ever use1163320.86 (0.60, 1.23)
  1. aUsing age as the time metric and adjusted for state, birth year, family history of PCa, race, and smoking status
  2. bNumbers may not add up to total, due to missing responses for pesticides