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Table 2 Associations of PM2.5 and PM10 exposure metrics and FMD (%), across all participants and by sex, for increases in normalized PM2.5 or PM10 exposure, in fully adjusted models

From: Long-term exposure to particulate air pollution and brachial artery flow-mediated dilation in the Old Order Amish

Particulate air pollution metrics (normalized)Across allMenWomen
βSEp-value95% CIβSEp-value95% CIβSEp-value95% CI
PM2.5 12-month moving-average*−−0.13, − 0.09−− 0.16, − 0.01−−0.17, 0.03
PM10 12-month moving-average*−−0.15, − 0.03−−0.26, − 0.06−−0.16, 0.04
  1. *All models adjusted for age, sex, age by sex interaction, smoking (except in models for women only because there were no ever smokers), BMI, season, year, hypertension, and base brachial artery diameter