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Table 3 Association between single exposure and obesity in the NHANES 2005–2010 (N = 2372)

From: Using three statistical methods to analyze the association between exposure to 9 compounds and obesity in children and adolescents: NHANES 2005-2010

Chemical exposures Quartile 1 Quartile 2 Quartile 3 Quartile 4 Total
   OR (95%CI) P value OR (95%CI) P value OR (95%CI) P value OR (95%CI) P value
Phenols
 BPA Ref 0.95 (0.70, 1.30) 0.759 0.92 (0.66, 1.27) 0.595 1.05 (0.75, 1.47) 0.770 1.05 (0.80, 1.38) 0.728
 BP-3 Ref 1.00 (0.74, 1.34) 0.984 1.18 (0.87, 1.59) 0.282 0.93 (0.68, 1.28) 0.655 0.98 (0.84, 1.12) 0.738
Paraben
 MeP Ref 0.69 (0.51, 0.92) 0.013 0.65 (0.47, 0.88) 0.006 0.63 (0.45, 0.88) 0.007 0.80 (0.68, 0.94) 0.006
 PrP Ref 1.04 (0.78, 1.40) 0.784 0.82 (0.60, 1.12) 0.218 0.69 (0.49, 0.98) 0.037 0.90 (0.79, 1.03) 0.135
Pesticides
 2,5-DCP Ref 1.49 (1.07, 2.07) 0.017 1.80 (1.30, 2.51) 0.001 2.06 (1.47, 2.89) 0.001 1.25 (1.11, 1.40) 0.001
 2,4-DCP Ref 0.97 (0.70, 1.35) 0.863 1.04 (0.74, 1.45) 0.829 1.11 (0.79, 1.58) 0.536 1.16 (0.97, 1.37) 0.098
Phthalate metabolites
 MBzP Ref 1.07 (0.79, 1.45) 0.683 1.05 (0.76, 1.46) 0.753 0.89 (0.63, 1.27) 0.535 0.96 (0.75, 1.21) 0.705
 MEP Ref 1.04 (0.75, 1.43) 0.824 1.28 (0.92, 1.79) 0.140 1.39 (0.98, 1.98) 0.069 1.28 (1.04, 1.58) 0.022
 MiBP Ref 1.49 (1.08, 2.07) 0.016 1.43 (1.01, 2.03) 0.045 1.62 (1.11, 2.37) 0.013 1.42 (1.07, 1.89) 0.015
  1. NHANES National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval. Total means continuous chemical variable. Multivariable logistic regression was conducted, and odds ratios (ORs) were calculated while comparing the second, third, and fourth quartiles of each chemical with reference to the first exposure quartile (N = 2372). Models were adjusted for age, gender, race, educational levels, family income-to-poverty ratio, caloric intake, serum cotinine and log-transformed creatinine