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Table 2 Association between Health Literacy, Environmental Health Literacy and Household Air Pollution-Associated Symptoms Greater than Weekly Among Solid and Non-Solid Fuel Users (n = 172)

From: Environmental health literacy and household air pollution-associated symptoms in Kenya: a cross-sectional study

Health Literacy* Odds Ratio 95% Confidence Interval
Solid & Non-Solid Fuel Users (n = 172)
 Solid & Non-Solid Fuel Users1 0.46 0.25–0.86
Environmental Health Literacy2
 Low 0.85 0.34–2.13
 High 0.26 0.10–0.67
Solid Fuel Users (n = 80)
 All Solid Fuel Users3 0.59 0.21–1.64
Environmental Health Literacy4
 Low 1.22 0.36–4.16
 High 0.30 0.05–1.84
Non-Solid Fuel Users (n = 92)
 All Non-Solid Fuel Users3 0.30 0.12–0.76
Environmental Health Literacy4
 Low 0.70 0.13–3.90
 High 0.22 0.06–0.75
  1. *Odds ratios listed for odds of having at least one symptom ≥5 times per month per one unit increase in mean HL. Reference group listed as symptoms < 5 times per month or asymptomatic
  2. 1Adjusted for environmental health literacy, self-perceived health score, education, and solid fuel use
  3. 2Model stratified by environmental health literacy adjusted for self-perceived health score, education, and solid fuel use
  4. 3Modal stratified by solid fuel use adjusted for environmental health literacy, self-perceived health score, and education
  5. 4Model stratified by environmental health literacy and solid fuel use adjusted for self-perceived health score and education