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Table 2 Association between increased 10 μg/m3 PM2.5 concentration and relative annual change of ABI and baPWV

From: Long-term effects of fine particulate matter exposure on the progression of arterial stiffness

Outcome Model β (95% CI) P
relative annual change of ABI model 1 −0.00177 (− 0.00312,0.00042) 0.010
model 2 −0.00127 (− 0.00262,0.00008) 0.065
model 3a −0.00077 (− 0.00216,0.00061) 0.274
model 3b −0.00166 (− 0.00438,0.00106) 0.232
model 4 −0.00160 (− 0.00434,0.00114) 0.252
relative annual change of baPWV model 1 0.00752 (0.00592,0.00912) < 0.001
model 2 0.00736 (0.00576,0.00896) < 0.001
model 3a 0.00801 (0.00636,0.00966) < 0.001
model 3b 0.01011 (0.00688,0.01334) < 0.001
model 4 0.01044 (0.00721,0.01367) < 0.001
  1. Model 1: crude model; Model 2: additionally adjusted for age and gender; Model 3a: additionally adjusted for BMI, HDL-C, LDL-C, TG, systolic BP, and diabetes; Model 3b: adjusted for the same set of covariates with model 3a in the same population with model 4; Model 4: additionally controlled for education, smoking, alcohol consumption, and physical activity.s
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