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Table 1 Characteristics of residents and households, by municipalitya

From: Severity of parkinsonism associated with environmental manganese exposure

  Midvaal (includes Meyerton settlements Noldick, Old Sicelo, New Sicelo) Mogale City (includes Ethembalethu)
Households
 Formal dwelling, % 80.2 73.5
 Female-headed, % 26.3 31.2
 Owned,b % 42.6 39.0
Utilities, %
 Piped water inside dwelling 64.9 54.8
 Flush toilet/sewer 58.0 78.2
 Electricity for lighting 79.3 85.9
 Weekly removal of refuse 82.1 79.7
Residents
 Total population, N 95,301 362,422
 Population density, persons/km2 55 270
Sex, %
 Female 48.4 49.0
 Male 51.6 51.0
Race, %
 Black 58.4 75.6
 White 38.7 21.0
 Other 2.9 3.5
Age, years, %
 0–14 23.2 23.7
 15–64 70.5 71.7
 ≥65 6.3 4.6
 Dependency ratioc 41.9 39.4
Education (age ≥ 20 years), %
 No schooling 5.2 4.7
 Primary/secondary 47.5 48.6
 Matric (high school) 32.1 32.6
 Higher education 15.2 14.1
Unemployed, %
 Overall 18.8 24.6
 Youth 25.4 32.3
 No income, % 14.5 15.5
  1. a Statistics South Africa, 2011 ()
  2. b Owned includes “paying off” a loan for purchase of the home
  3. c All ratios presented are multiplied by 100. The dependency ratio is the number of residents’ age 0–14 or ≥ 65, divided by residents’ age 15–64