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Table 2 Comparison between protocols for personal RF-EMF exposure measurement studies.

From: Protocol for personal RF-EMF exposure measurement studies in 5th generation telecommunication networks

  Röösli et al. [19] This paper
Measurement device(s) PEM UE with sensor (+PEM)
Sample rate 3 s 0.25 ms
Calibration Device only Device on body
Level of analysis Microenvironments Activities
Technologies 2G – 4G 2G – 5G
e-BC exposure Reduced measurement uncertainty Reduced measurement uncertainty
e-DL exposure (in 5G) High measurement uncertainty Reduced measurement uncertainty
e-UL exposure High measurement uncertainty High measurement uncertainty
a-DL exposure (only 5G) High measurement uncertainty Reduced measurement uncertainty
a-UL exposure High measurement uncertainty Reduced measurement uncertainty