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Table 5 Sensitivity analysis: Association between ethnic enclaves and component measures and gestational diabetes mellitus

From: Joint effects of ethnic enclave residence and ambient volatile organic compounds exposure on risk of gestational diabetes mellitus among Asian/Pacific Islander women in the United States

   Ethnic Enclave components
  API Enclave
OR (95% CI)
  API Dissimilarity
OR (95% CI)
API Isolation
OR (95% CI)
API concentration
OR (95% CI)
Non-Enclave Ref. Low Ref. Ref. Ref.
Enclave 0.51 (0.37, 0.69) Medium 0.83 (0.64, 1.08) 1.10 (0.88, 1.39) 0.79 (0.55, 1.12)
   High 0.81 (0.64, 1.08) 0.83 (0.64, 1.07) 0.62 (0.46, 0.83)
  1. Models adjusted for maternal age, marital status, health insurance, BMI, season of conception, parity, area-level poverty, hospital type, preconception benzene, and first trimester benzene