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Table 1 Urine bisphenol concentrations during pregnancy (n = 1379)

From: Maternal bisphenol urine concentrations, fetal growth and adverse birth outcomes: A population-based prospective cohort

  LOD First trimester Second trimester Third trimester
Median (25th, 75th percentile) % below LOD Median (25th, 75th percentile) % below LOD Median (25th, 75th percentile) % below LOD
Total bisphenols   9.22 (3.53, 20.29)   6.35 (3.07, 14.01)   10.11 (4.67, 20.00)  
Bisphenol A 0.66 4.93 (1.10, 12.36) 21.0 5.83 (2.71, 13.05) 6.9 6.58 (2.70, 13.24) 10.1
Bisphenol S 0.20 0.68 (0.13, 2.42) 32.1 0.13 (0.13, 0.39) 70.6 NA > 80%
Bisphenol F 0.90 0.62 (0.62, 2.04) 59.9 NA > 80% 0.62 (0.62, 2.58) 70.9
  1. Absolute urine concentrations of individual and grouped bisphenols and the limits of detection are expressed in nmol/L urine
  2. LOD limit of detection, NA not applicable due to > 80% of concentrations below the limit of detection