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Tabel 5 Associations between urine biomarkers of chemical exposure and current rhinitis in adult participants

From: Exposure to environmental phenols and parabens, and relation to body mass index, eczema and respiratory outcomes in the Norwegian RHINESSA study

  Sex: male vs female Current rhinitis Interactionc
  ∆/OR CI p ∆/OR CI p p
Sum of parabena -0.69 (-0.84,-0.54)  < 0.001 -0.14 (-0.29,0.01) 0.06 0.3
Methylparabena -1.72 (-2.06–1.38)  < 0.001 -0.27 (-0.59,0.06) 0.1 0.3
Butylparabenb 0.12 (0.07,0.19)  < 0.001 0.61 (0.37,1.00) 0.05 1.0
Propylparabena -2.19 (-2.57,-1.81)  < 0.001 -0.26 (-0.64,0.12) 0.2 1.0
Ethylparabena -1.09 (-1.40,-0.79)  < 0.001 -0.11 (-0.40,0.19) 0.5 0.5
Benzophenone-3a 1.52 (-1.94,-1.11)  < 0.001 -0.00 (-0.39,0.40) 1.0 0.8
Bisphenol Sa -0.05 (-0.18,0.08) 0.4 0.03 (-0.11,0.17) 0.6 0.6
Bisphenol Fa -0.13 (-0.34,0.07) 0.2 0.01 (-0.21,0.23) 0.9 0.2
Bisphenol Aa 0.15 (0.0, 0.30) 0.05 -0.06 (-0.21,0.08) 0.4 0.01
2,4- DCPa -0.05 (-0.19,0.08) 0.4 -0.05 (-0.18,0.09) 0.5 0.9
2,5 –DCPb 1.76 (1.14, 2.69) 0.01 0.77 (0.50,1.18) 0.2 0.1
Triclosanb 0.66 (0.40,1.06) 0.08 0.91 (0.57, 1.45) 0.7 0.5
Triclocarban2 0.57 (0.23,1.42) 0.2 1.40 (0.52,3.82) 0.7 0.8
  1. aMultiple linear or blogistic regression including sex and rhinitis adjusted for BMI, IgE, age, smoking, and time of day of urine sampling; c Interaction term between sex and current rhinitits