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Table 2 Description of the study’s characteristics, including Covid-19 deaths on 1 May and 31 December, 2020, by mean (standard deviation), minimum and maximum

From: Impact of long-term exposure to PM2.5 and temperature on coronavirus disease mortality: observed trends in France

  Mean (standard deviation) Min Max
COVID-19 deaths rate in hospitals (per 100,000):
1 May 2020 19.8 (20.1) 1.3 106.3
31 December 2020 65.4 (39.4) 12.5 281.1
Annual Average long-term PM2.5 exposure from 1999 to 2016 (μg/m3) 10.1 (2.4) 6.0 16.3
Annual average temperature over 12 years from 2001 to 2012 (in °C) 10.7 (1.6) 4.7 14.4
Number of intensive care and resuscitation beds (per 100,000) 14.1 (7.7) 2.4 47.1
Medical density (per 100,000) 305.0 (89.3) 167.0 858.0
% People aged 60 or more 29.6 (4.8) 16.7 39.3
% Males 48.5 (0.5) 46.9 49.6
% Unemployment 7.9 (1.6) 4.8 13.3
Rate of poverty (per cent) 14.6 (3.1) 9.2 28.6
% Urban population (proportion of people living in the great urban areas) 71.2 (20.8) 0.1 100.0
Population density (inhab/square) (by thousand) 565.8 (2425.1) 14.8 20,459.7
Population size (by thousand) 676.0 (520.1) 76.3 2589.0
Standardized Prevalence of Diabetes at the department-level 4.8 (0.8) 3.2 7.9