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Table 2 Adjusted CVD events hazard ratios associated with a 10 μg/m3 change in PM2.5

From: Long-term exposure to PM2.5 and cardiovascular disease incidence and mortality in an Eastern Mediterranean country: findings based on a 15-year cohort study

  n Events Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
CVD Eventsa 3081 441 1.024 *(1.015,1.033) 1.025 *(1.016,1.034) 1.026 *(1.016,1.036)
Fatal CVDb 3081 105 0.995 (0.978,1.013) 0.955 (0.977,1.012) 0.998 (0.979,1.017)
None-fatal CVD 3081 336 1.025 *(1.010,1.032) 1.028 *(1.011,1.032) 1.029 *(1.015,1.034)
All-cause mortalityc 3081 241 0.974 (0.961,0.987) 0.972 (0.959,0.985) 0.974 (0.960,0.988)
AMId 3081 73 1.019 (0.997,1.041) 1.019 (0.997,1.041) 1.031 *(1.005,1.057)
Stroke 3081 92 1.018 (0.999,1.037) 1.017 (0.999,1.036) 1.018 (0.999,1.039)
IHDe 3081 349 1.026 *(1.016,1.037) 1.027 *(1.017,1.038) 1.028 *(1.017,1.039)
  1. Model 1: PM2.5, age, sex, urban/rural status and cluster random effect
  2. Model 2: PM2.5, age, sex, smoking status, physical activity, dietary behaviors, obesity, SES, hypertension status, urban/rural status and cluster random effect
  3. Model 3: PM2.5, age, sex, smoking status, physical activity, dietary behaviors, obesity, SES, hypertension status, diabetes, cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL to HDL ratio, history of heart disease in the family, urban/rural status, and cluster random effect
  4. * Statistically significant (0.05)
  5. aCHD + stroke
  6. bDeath from cardiovascular causes and myocardial infarction, stroke, and heart failure, with each sub-category including fatal events
  7. cAll of the deaths that occur in a population, regardless of the cause
  8. dAcute myocardial infarction
  9. eMI+ SCD + UAP