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Table 3 Yearly carbon footprint of the average practice

From: What is the carbon footprint of primary care practices? A retrospective life-cycle analysis in Switzerland

Rank Domain Sub-domain Carbon footprint
CO2eq kg
Proportion by domain Proportion of total footprint
1 Patient mobility   10145 100% 33.2%
2 Heating system   9106 100% 29.8%
3 Staff mobility   3816 100% 12.5%
4 Courier mobility   2997 100% 9.8%
   Regular couriers (blood samples) 638 21.2%  
   On-call couriers (blood samples) 1747 58.0%  
   On-call couriers (special waste) 613 20.4%  
5 Medical consumables   1678 100% 5.5%
   Bandages and compresses 1051 62.6%  
   Blood sampling materials: needle, tube, etc. 211 12.5%  
   Bed sheets (paper) 147 8.7%  
   Gloves 73 4.3%  
   Urinary rapid test 39 2.3%  
   Disinfectant 33 1.9%  
   Others, e.g.: mask, scalpel, swab test, shot material, tongue depressor, electrode, oxygen bottle 124 7.3%  
6 Non-medical equipment   1239 100% 4.1%
   Computer - 4 yr. of use 714 57.5%  
   Furniture: desk, chair, cupboard, etc. - 10 yr. of use 234 19%  
   Telephone - 3 yr. of use 212 18.8%  
   Printer - 5 yr. of use 74 5.9%  
   Other electronic devices 6 0.4%  
7 Waste   491 100% 1.6%
   General waste 321 65%  
   Special waste (radioactive) 164 33%  
   Paper waste 6 1%  
8 External laboratory analysis   370 100% 1.2%
9 Non-medical consumables   338 100% 1.1 %
   Paper 117 34.7%  
   Toner /ink 79 23.5%  
   Paper towels 77 22.9%  
   Postal service 64 18.9%  
10 In-house laboratory   152 100% 0.5%
11 Medical equipment   110 100% 0.4%
   Examination beds - 20 yr. of use 87 78.8%  
   Tensiometers - 5 yr. of use 16 14.2%  
   Electrocardiogram device, thermometer, tuning fork, glucometer, otoscope, scale, dermatoscope, flashlight, stethoscope, demonstration models 8 7.1%  
12 Electricity   95 100% 0.3%
  TOTAL   30,538   100%
  1. Note: In-house x-ray emission are included in electricity and medical equipment