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Table 1 Co-creation activities conducted in the Barcelona pilot along with their aim and tools used

From: Co-creating a local environmental epidemiology study: the case of citizen science for investigating air pollution and related health risks in Barcelona, Spain

Phase Aim Type of activity Tool a
Co-designing the research question To identify topics citizens are concerned about and would like to investigate in the context of air pollution and health. Online survey
To raise awareness about the project across all Barcelona districts and collect further qualitative insights on topics citizens are concerned about and would like to investigate in the context of air pollution and health. Pop-up intervention In-depth discussion canvas
To formulate the concerns into potential research questions. Community meeting Identification Issues canvas
To select the research question to investigate. Online survey
Co-designing the study protocol To gauge citizens’ preferences in certain aspects of the study design and to be included in the study protocol. Workshop Experiment Design canvas
  1. aThe templates of the tools can be found in Supplementary Materials. Also, more details on the tools used can be found in the reports available on the website of the CitieS-Health project (https://citieshealth.eu/) and also in the CitieS-Health toolkit (https://citizensciencetoolkit.eu/), which includes ideas and concrete examples on how to engage citizens in citizen science projects in environmental health studies