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Table 3 Associations between long-term exposure to air pollutants (PM10, PM2.5 and NO2) and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) in RoLS. Results are expressed as hazard ratios (HR) with relative 95% confidence intervals per 10 µg/m3 increases of pollutant

From: Long-term exposure to air pollution and risk of venous thromboembolism in a large administrative cohort

  Model 1a Model 2b Model 3c Model 4d
  HR 95%CI HR 95%CI HR 95%CI HR 95%CI
DVT
 PM10 1.000 0.969 1.032 1.029 0.996 1.062 1.034 0.997 1.072 1.035 0.998 1.073
 PM2.5 0.992 0.912 1.080 1.082 0.992 1.181 1.099 0.995 1.214 1.115 1.009 1.233
 NO2 0.997 0.982 1.013 0.996 0.979 1.013 0.992 0.973 1.012 1.000 0.980 1.021
PE
 PM10 1.038 0.990 1.089 1.044 0.994 1.096 1.038 0.981 1.098 1.037 0.980 1.097
 PM2.5 1.110 0.976 1.264 1.136 0.994 1.298 1.123 0.962 1.310 1.109 0.950 1.296
 NO2 1.016 0.992 1.042 1.019 0.992 1.047 1.014 0.983 1.047 1.007 0.974 1.040
VTE
 PM10 1.002 0.975 1.030 1.025 0.997 1.054 1.029 0.997 1.061 1.029 0.997 1.062
 PM2.5 0.999 0.929 1.075 1.074 0.996 1.158 1.086 0.996 1.184 1.095 1.003 1.194
 NO2 1.000 0.986 1.014 0.999 0.984 1.014 0.996 0.979 1.014 1.001 0.983 1.019
  1. aModel 1 is adjusted for age and sex
  2. bModel 2 is adjusted as model 1 + marital status, place of birth, income, socio-economic position (area index), educational level, occupation, and unemployment rate (area level)
  3. cModel 3 is adjusted as model 2 + noise
  4. dModel 4 is adjusted as model 3 + greenness