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Table 1 Characteristics of the participants at baseline, Nutrinet-Santé Study, France, 2014 (N = 33,013) 

From: Prospective association between dietary pesticide exposure profiles and type 2 diabetes risk in the NutriNet-Santé cohort

  All participants Non-cases T2D Cases P-valuea
N 33,013 32,673 340  
Women, % 76.36 76.57 56.76  < 0.0001
Age, mean (SD) 52.93 (13.99) 52.85 (14.01) 60.02 (9.39)  < 0.0001b
Monthly income per household unit, %     0.92
  < €1200 11.58 11.58 12.35  
  €1200–1800 22.99 22.98 24.41  
  €1800–2700 27.22 27.24 25.29  
  > €2700 31.94 31.95 31.76  
  Unwilling to answer 6.26 6.27 6.18  
Educational level, %      < 0.0001
  Less than high-school diploma 20.37 20.22 34.41  
  High school diploma 14.6 14.56 18.53  
  Post Graduate 65.03 65.22 47.06  
Occupational status, %      < 0.0001
  Employee, manual worker 14.74 14.77 11.76  
  Intermediate profession 15.32 15.36 10.59  
  Managerial staff, intellectual 21.62 21.69 15.59  
  Retired 35.08 34.92 50.88  
  Self-employed, farmer 1.90 1.90 1.47  
  Unemployed or never employed 11.34 11.35 9.71  
Marital status, %      < 0.0001
  Single 12.78 12.81 9.71  
  Divorced or separated 9.65 9.64 10.29  
  Cohabiting 18.28 18.35 11.76  
  Married 56.06 56.00 61.76  
  Widowed 3.23 3.20 6.47  
Physical activity, %     0.03
  High 33.27 33.29 30.88  
  Moderate 36.79 36.82 34.12  
  Low 19.19 19.12 25.59  
  Missing data 10.75 10.77 9.41  
Place of residence, %     0.78
  Rural community 22.36 22.36 22.65  
  Urban unit with a population < 20,000 inhabitants 15.35 15.33 17.06  
  Urban unit with a population between 20,000 and 200,000 inhabitants 18.51 18.51 18.82  
  Urban unit with a population > 200,000 inhabitants 43.78 43.81 41.47  
Smoking habits, %      < .0001
  Current smoker 11.07 11.07 11.47  
  Former smoker 39.70 39.55 54.41  
  Never smoker 49.22 49.38 34.12  
Body Mass Index, %      < .0001
  < 25 kg/m2 67.31 67.82 18.23  
  ≥ 25 kg/m2 and < 30 kg/m2 24.06 23.90 39.71  
  ≥ 30 kg/m2 8.63 8.28 42.06  
Family history of diabetes, % 20.87 20.64 43.24  < .0001
Cardiovascular disease at baseline or during follow-up, % 0.73 0.72 1.47 0.10
Hypertriglyceridaemia at baseline, % 2.71 2.58 15.29  < .0001
Hypercholesterolemia at baseline, % 16.73 16.47 41.76  < .0001
Hypertension at baseline, % 10.88 10.62 36.47  < .0001
  1. ap-value for Chi-square tests comparing cases and non-cases unless otherwise stated
  2. bp-value for Wilcoxon test comparing cases and non-cases