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Table 2 Nutritional characteristics of the participants, NutriNet-Santé Study, France, 2014 (N = 33,013)

From: Prospective association between dietary pesticide exposure profiles and type 2 diabetes risk in the NutriNet-Santé cohort

  All participants Non-cases Cases P-valuea
N 33,013 32,673 340  
Energy intake without Alcohol, kcal/day 1936 (612) 1934 (611) 2119 (690)  < 0.0001
Ethanol, grams/day 8.36 (12.24) 8.33 (12.20) 11.33 (15.41) 0.001
sPNNS-GS2 score 2.78 (3.41) 2.79 (3.41) 1.25 (3.59)  < 0.0001
provegetarian score 36.06 (5.85) 36.08 (5.85) 34.05 (5.58)  < 0.0001
Special diet, %     0.02b
  Omnivorous 95.37 95.34 98.82  
  Pesco-Vegetarian 1.83 1.84 0.59  
  Vegetarian 1.88 1.89 0.29  
  Vegan 0.93 0.93 0.29  
PANDiet score (/100) 65.02 (7.90) 65.04 (7.90) 62.95 (7.21)  < 0.0001
Carbohydrates (% of alcohol-free energy intake) 39.72 (7.52) 39.73 (7.52) 38.36 (7.19) 0.0005
Lipids (% of alcohol-free energy intake) 41.18 (7.12) 41.17 (7.12) 41.38 (6.57) 0.60
Protein (% of alcohol-free energy intake) 18.71 (3.69) 18.70 (3.68) 19.88 (3.72)  < 0.0001
Plant / total protein ratio 0.34 (0.15) 0.34 (0.15) 0.29 (0.11)  < 0.0001
Proportion of individuals with organic food in the diet ≥ 50% 0.13 (0.33) 0.13 (0.33) 0.07 (0.26) 0.0039
Proportion of organic food in the diet 0.22 (0.21) 0.22 (0.21) 0.16 (0.18)  < 0.0001
  1. sPNNS-GS2: simplified Programme National Nutrition Santé Score 2
  2. PANDiet: Diet Quality Index Based on the Probability of Adequate Nutrient Intake
  3. ap-value for Student or Wilcoxon tests comparing cases and non-cases as appropriate
  4. bp-value for Chi-square test comparing cases and non-cases