Environmental Epidemiology

Population studies of adverse health effects from exposures to environmental hazards

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  1. Research

    Extreme precipitation and emergency room visits for influenza in Massachusetts: a case-crossover analysis

    Influenza peaks during the wintertime in temperate regions and during the annual rainy season in tropical regions – however reasons for the observed differences in disease ecology are poorly understood. We hyp...

    Genee S. Smith, Kyle P. Messier, James L. Crooks, Timothy J. Wade, Cynthia J. Lin and Elizabeth D. Hilborn

    Environmental Health 2017 16:108

    Published on: 17 October 2017

  2. Review

    Hazardous waste and health impact: a systematic review of the scientific literature

    Waste is part of the agenda of the European Environment and Health Process and included among the topics of the Sixth Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health. Disposal and management of hazardous wast...

    L. Fazzo, F. Minichilli, M. Santoro, A. Ceccarini, M. Della Seta, F. Bianchi, P. Comba and M. Martuzzi

    Environmental Health 2017 16:107

    Published on: 11 October 2017

  3. Research

    Socioeconomic and urban-rural differentials in exposure to air pollution and mortality burden in England

    Socioeconomically disadvantaged populations often have higher exposures to particulate air pollution, which can be expected to contribute to differentials in life expectancy. We examined socioeconomic differen...

    Ai Milojevic, Claire L. Niedzwiedz, Jamie Pearce, James Milner, Ian A. MacKenzie, Ruth M. Doherty and Paul Wilkinson

    Environmental Health 2017 16:104

    Published on: 6 October 2017

  4. Research

    Exposure to human-associated fecal indicators and self-reported illness among swimmers at recreational beaches: a cohort study

    Fecal indicator bacteria used to assess illness risks in recreational waters (e.g., Escherichia coli, Enterococci) cannot discriminate among pollution sources. To address this limitation, human-associated Bactero...

    Melanie D. Napier, Richard Haugland, Charles Poole, Alfred P. Dufour, Jill R. Stewart, David J. Weber, Manju Varma, Jennifer S. Lavender and Timothy J. Wade

    Environmental Health 2017 16:103

    Published on: 2 October 2017

  5. Methodology

    Construction of environmental risk score beyond standard linear models using machine learning methods: application to metal mixtures, oxidative stress and cardiovascular disease in NHANES

    There is growing concern of health effects of exposure to pollutant mixtures. We initially proposed an Environmental Risk Score (ERS) as a summary measure to examine the risk of exposure to multi-pollutants in...

    Sung Kyun Park, Zhangchen Zhao and Bhramar Mukherjee

    Environmental Health 2017 16:102

    Published on: 26 September 2017

  6. Research

    A prospective study of cancer risk among Agricultural Health Study farm spouses associated with personal use of organochlorine insecticides

    Organochlorine insecticides (OCs) have historically been used worldwide to control insects, although most have now been banned in developed countries. Evidence for an association between OC exposures and cance...

    Lydia M. Louis, Catherine C. Lerro, Melissa C. Friesen, Gabriella Andreotti, Stella Koutros, Dale P. Sandler, Aaron Blair, Mark G. Robson and Laura E. Beane Freeman

    Environmental Health 2017 16:95

    Published on: 6 September 2017

  7. Research

    Blood lead level is associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in the Yangtze River Delta region of China in the context of rapid urbanization

    China has undergone rapid urbanization in the past three decades. We aimed to report blood lead level (B-Pb) in the most rapidly urbanized Yangtze River Delta Region of China, and explore the association B-Pb ...

    Hualing Zhai, Chi Chen, Ningjian Wang, Yi Chen, Xiaomin Nie, Bing Han, Qin Li, Fangzhen Xia and Yingli Lu

    Environmental Health 2017 16:93

    Published on: 31 August 2017

  8. Research

    Pesticide exposure assessed through agricultural crop proximity and risk of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

    Epidemiologic studies have raised the possibility that some pesticide compounds induce the neurodegenerative disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), though the available evidence is not entirely consistent.

    Marco Vinceti, Tommaso Filippini, Federica Violi, Kenneth J. Rothman, Sofia Costanzini, Carlotta Malagoli, Lauren A. Wise, Anna Odone, Carlo Signorelli, Laura Iacuzio, Elisa Arcolin, Jessica Mandrioli, Nicola Fini, Francesco Patti, Salvatore Lo Fermo, Vladimiro Pietrini…

    Environmental Health 2017 16:91

    Published on: 29 August 2017

  9. Research

    Lifetime occupational exposure to metals and welding fumes, and risk of glioma: a 7-country population-based case–control study

    Brain tumor etiology is poorly understood. Based on their ability to pass through the blood–brain barrier, it has been hypothesized that exposure to metals may increase the risk of brain cancer. Results from t...

    Marie-Elise Parent, Michelle C. Turner, Jérôme Lavoué, Hugues Richard, Jordi Figuerola, Laurel Kincl, Lesley Richardson, Geza Benke, Maria Blettner, Sarah Fleming, Martine Hours, Daniel Krewski, David McLean, Siegal Sadetzki, Klaus Schlaefer, Brigitte Schlehofer…

    Environmental Health 2017 16:90

    Published on: 25 August 2017

  10. Research

    Transcriptome-wide analyses indicate mitochondrial responses to particulate air pollution exposure

    Due to their lack of repair capacity mitochondria are critical targets for environmental toxicants. We studied genes and pathways reflecting mitochondrial responses to short- and medium-term PM10 exposure.

    Ellen Winckelmans, Tim S Nawrot, Maria Tsamou, Elly Den Hond, Willy Baeyens, Jos Kleinjans, Wouter Lefebvre, Nicolas Van Larebeke, Martien Peusens, Michelle Plusquin, Hans Reynders, Greet Schoeters, Charlotte Vanpoucke, Theo M de Kok and Karen Vrijens

    Environmental Health 2017 16:87

    Published on: 18 August 2017

  11. Review

    Does air pollution play a role in infertility?: a systematic review

    Air pollution is involved in many pathologies. These pollutants act through several mechanisms that can affect numerous physiological functions, including reproduction: as endocrine disruptors or reactive oxyg...

    Julie Carré, Nicolas Gatimel, Jessika Moreau, Jean Parinaud and Roger Léandri

    Environmental Health 2017 16:82

    Published on: 28 July 2017

  12. Research

    Associations of genetic variation in CASP3 gene with noise-induced hearing loss in a Chinese population: a case–control study

    Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is a complex disease caused by environmental and genetic risk factors. This study explored the relationship between the genetic variations in the CASP gene and the risk of develo...

    Yinyin Wu, Juntao Ni, Mingjian Qi, Chengjian Cao, Yuxian Shao, Liangwen Xu, Haiyan Ma and Lei Yang

    Environmental Health 2017 16:78

    Published on: 24 July 2017

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