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Environmental Epidemiology

Population studies of adverse health effects from exposures to environmental hazards

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  1. Hexachlorocyclohexane is a synthetic chemical with several isomers, including β-Hexachlorocyclohexane (β-HCH). In 2005, a large contamination of crude milk from some bovine farms along the Sacco River (Central...

    Authors: S. Narduzzi, F. Fantini, F. Blasetti, P. Rantakokko, H. Kiviranta, F. Forastiere, P. Michelozzi and D. Porta

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:9

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Emerging evidence links road proximity and air pollution with cognitive impairment. Joint effects of noise and greenness have not been evaluated. We investigated associations between road proximity and exposur...

    Authors: Weiran Yuchi, Hind Sbihi, Hugh Davies, Lillian Tamburic and Michael Brauer

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:8

    Content type: Research

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  3. Pediatric allergic diseases are a major public health concern, and previous studies have suggested that exposure to traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) exposure is a risk factor. These studies have typically ass...

    Authors: Kyung-Duk Min, Seon-Ju Yi, Hwan-Cheol Kim, Jong-Han Leem, Ho-Jang Kwon, Soyoung Hong, Kyoo Sang Kim and Sun-Young Kim

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:6

    Content type: Research

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  4. The associations of perfluoroalkyl substance (PFAS) exposure with blood lipids and lipoproteins are inconsistent, and existing studies did not account for metabolic heterogeneity of lipoprotein subspecies. Thi...

    Authors: Gang Liu, Bo Zhang, Yang Hu, Jennifer Rood, Liming Liang, Lu Qi, George A. Bray, Lilian DeJonge, Brent Coull, Philippe Grandjean, Jeremy D. Furtado and Qi Sun

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:5

    Content type: Research

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  5. Wildfire events are increasing in prevalence in the western United States. Research has found mixed results on the degree to which exposure to wildfire smoke is associated with an increased risk of mortality.

    Authors: Annie Doubleday, Jill Schulte, Lianne Sheppard, Matt Kadlec, Ranil Dhammapala, Julie Fox and Tania Busch Isaksen

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:4

    Content type: Research

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  6. Basal cell carcinoma of the skin (BCC) is the most common cancer in populations of European ancestry. Although consistently linked with basal cell carcinoma of the skin in case-control studies, few prospective...

    Authors: Mark P. Little, Martha S. Linet, Michael G. Kimlin, Terrence Lee, Zaria Tatalovich, Alice J. Sigurdson and Elizabeth K. Cahoon

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:114

    Content type: Research

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  7. Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:111

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Environmental Health 2019 18:78

    The Letter to the Editor Response to this article has been published in Environmental Health 2019 18:112

  8. Criminology research has traditionally investigated sociodemographic predictors of crime, such as sex, race, age, and socioeconomic status. However, evidence suggests that short-term fluctuations in crime ofte...

    Authors: Abigail Gates, Mitchel Klein, Fiorella Acquaotta, Rebecca M. Garland and Noah Scovronick

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:109

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  9. Although no human illness to date is confirmed to be attributed to engineered nanoparticles, occupational epidemiological studies are needed to verify the health effects of nanoparticles. This study used a rep...

    Authors: Wei-Te Wu, Lih-Ann Li, Tsui-Chun Tsou, Shu-Li Wang, Hui-Ling Lee, Tung-Sheng Shih and Saou-Hsing Liou

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:107

    Content type: Research

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  10. Fluoride from environmental sources accumulates preferentially in the pineal gland which produces melatonin, the hormone that regulates the sleep-wake cycle. However, the effects of fluoride on sleep regulatio...

    Authors: Ashley J. Malin, Sonali Bose, Stefanie A. Busgang, Chris Gennings, Michael Thorpy, Robert O. Wright, Rosalind J. Wright and Manish Arora

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:106

    Content type: Research

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  11. Arsenic exposure through drinking water is an established lung carcinogen. Evidence on non-malignant lung outcomes is less conclusive and suggests arsenic is associated with lower lung function. Studies examin...

    Authors: Martha Powers, Tiffany R. Sanchez, Maria Grau-Perez, Fawn Yeh, Kevin A. Francesconi, Walter Goessler, Christine M. George, Christopher Heaney, Lyle G. Best, Jason G. Umans, Robert H. Brown and Ana Navas-Acien

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:104

    Content type: Research

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  12. Human reproduction follows a seasonal pattern with respect to spontaneous conception, a phenomenon wherein the effect of meteorological fluctuations might not be unique. However, the effect of seasonal variati...

    Authors: Mingpeng Zhao, Haoyang Zhang, Tarah H. B. Waters, Jacqueline Pui Wah Chung, Tin Chiu Li and David Yiu Leung Chan

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:103

    Content type: Research

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  13. Many studies have demonstrated adverse effects of exposure to aircraft noise on health. Possible biological pathways for these effects include hormonal disturbances. Few studies deal with aircraft noise effect...

    Authors: Clémence Baudin, Marie Lefèvre, Jenny Selander, Wolfgang Babisch, Ennio Cadum, Marie-Christine Carlier, Patricia Champelovier, Konstantina Dimakopoulou, Danny Huithuijs, Jacques Lambert, Bernard Laumon, Göran Pershagen, Töres Theorell, Venetia Velonaki, Anna Hansell and Anne-Sophie Evrard

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:102

    Content type: Research

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  14. Cohort studies have documented associations between fine particulate matter air pollution (PM2.5) and mortality risk. However, there remains uncertainty regarding the contribution of co-pollutants and the stabili...

    Authors: Jacob S. Lefler, Joshua D. Higbee, Richard T. Burnett, Majid Ezzati, Nathan C. Coleman, Dalton D. Mann, Julian D. Marshall, Matthew Bechle, Yuzhou Wang, Allen L. Robinson and C. Arden Pope III

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:101

    Content type: Research

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  15. Environmental health and exposure researchers can improve the quality and interpretation of their chemical measurement data, avoid spurious results, and improve analytical protocols for new chemicals by closel...

    Authors: Julia O. Udesky, Robin E. Dodson, Laura J. Perovich and Ruthann A. Rudel

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:99

    Content type: Commentary

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  16. Very few studies have focused on the relationship between ambient apparent temperature (AT) and admission of mental and behaviour disorders (MDs). Therefore, a time-series study was conducted in Yancheng, Chin...

    Authors: Min Min, Tingting Shi, Pengpeng Ye, Yuan Wang, Zhenhai Yao, Shun Tian, Yun Zhang, Mingming Liang, Guangbo Qu, Peng Bi, Leilei Duan and Yehuan Sun

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:98

    Content type: Research

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  17. Asthma is the most common non-communicable disease in children. Prenatal exposure to perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), a group of persistent environmental chemicals with endocrine disrupting abilities, has be...

    Authors: Iben Have Beck, Clara Amalie Gade Timmermann, Flemming Nielsen, Greet Schoeters, Camilla Jøhnk, Henriette Boye Kyhl, Arne Høst and Tina Kold Jensen

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:97

    Content type: Research

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  18. The associations between maternal exposure to ambient PM2.5 during pregnancy and the risk of premature rupture of membranes (PROM) and preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) are controversial. And no rele...

    Authors: Kun Wang, Yu Tian, Huabo Zheng, Shengshuai Shan, Xiaofang Zhao and Chengyun Liu

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:96

    Content type: Research

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  19. Exposure to the herbicide Agent Orange during the Vietnam War was widespread and is associated with numerous adverse health outcomes. A continuing concern of veterans is the possibility that exposure to the di...

    Authors: Karl T. Kelsey, Matthew Rytel, Edward Dere, Rondi Butler, Melissa Eliot, Susan M. Huse, E. Andres Houseman, Devin C. Koestler and Kim Boekelheide

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:91

    Content type: Research

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  20. Evidences that oxidative stress plays a role in the associations between outdoor air pollution and asthma are growing. We aimed to study the role of plasma fluorescent oxidation products levels (FlOPs; an oxid...

    Authors: Anaïs Havet, Zhen Li, Farid Zerimech, Margaux Sanchez, Valérie Siroux, Nicole Le Moual, Bert Brunekreef, Nino Künzli, Bénédicte Jacquemin, Raphaëlle Varraso, Régis Matran and Rachel Nadif

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:90

    Content type: Research

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  21. There are significant associations between ambient temperature and respiratory disease mortality. However, few studies have assessed the morbidity burdens of various respiratory diseases that are attributable ...

    Authors: Yiju Zhao, Zhao Huang, Shengyong Wang, Jianxiong Hu, Jianpeng Xiao, Xing Li, Tao Liu, Weilin Zeng, Lingchuan Guo, Qingfeng Du and Wenjun Ma

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:89

    Content type: Research

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  22. Approximately 2.9 million deaths are attributed to ambient fine particle air pollution around the world each year (PM2.5). In general, cohort studies of mortality and outdoor PM2.5 concentrations have limited inf...

    Authors: Tanya Christidis, Anders C. Erickson, Amanda J. Pappin, Daniel L. Crouse, Lauren L. Pinault, Scott A. Weichenthal, Jeffrey R. Brook, Aaron van Donkelaar, Perry Hystad, Randall V. Martin, Michael Tjepkema, Richard T. Burnett and Michael Brauer

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:84

    Content type: Research

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  23. Short-term geomagnetic disturbances (GMD) driven by the quasi-periodic 11-year cycle of solar activity have been linked to a broad range of adverse health effects, including cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and t...

    Authors: Carolina Leticia Zilli Vieira, Danilo Alvares, Annelise Blomberg, Joel Schwartz, Brent Coull, Shaodan Huang and Petros Koutrakis

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:83

    Content type: Research

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  24. Previous studies have reported that fine particle (PM2.5) concentrations triggered ST elevation myocardial infarctions (STEMI). In Rochester, NY, multiple air quality policies and economic changes/influences from...

    Authors: Meng Wang, Philip K. Hopke, Mauro Masiol, Sally W. Thurston, Scott Cameron, Frederick Ling, Edwin van Wijngaarden, Daniel Croft, Stefania Squizzato, Kelly Thevenet-Morrison, David Chalupa and David Q. Rich

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:82

    Content type: Research

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  25. Environmental exposure to phthalates and bisphenol A (BPA) may have endocrine disrupting effects that alter length of gestation. We assessed the association between the urinary concentrations of 11 phthalate m...

    Authors: Helen B. Chin, Anne Marie Jukic, Allen J. Wilcox, Clarice R. Weinberg, Kelly K. Ferguson, Antonia M. Calafat, D. Robert McConnaughey and Donna D. Baird

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:80

    Content type: Research

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  26. In March 2016, citizens of Merrimack, New Hampshire, learned that their public water supply was contaminated with perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA). A subsequent state-led investigation revealed widespread contami...

    Authors: Bindu Panikkar, Benjamin Lemmond, Laurene Allen, Carol DiPirro and Shaina Kasper

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:79

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. Malignant mesothelioma of the tunica vaginalis testis (MMTVT) is a rare disease with a poor prognosis. The diagnosis and management of these lesions are often difficult for pathologists, surgeons, oncologists ...

    Authors: Luigi Vimercati, Domenica Cavone, Maria Celeste Delfino, Luigi De Maria, Antonio Caputi, Giovanni Maria Ferri and Gabriella Serio

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:78

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Environmental Health 2019 18:111

  28. Numerous methods exist to analyze complex environmental mixtures in health studies. As an illustration of the different uses of mixture methods, we employed methods geared toward distinct research questions co...

    Authors: Elizabeth A. Gibson, Yanelli Nunez, Ahlam Abuawad, Ami R. Zota, Stefano Renzetti, Katrina L. Devick, Chris Gennings, Jeff Goldsmith, Brent A. Coull and Marianthi-Anna Kioumourtzoglou

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:76

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Michigan residents were directly exposed to endocrine-disrupting compounds, polybrominated biphenyl (PBB) and polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB). A growing body of evidence suggests that exposure to certain endocr...

    Authors: Sarah W. Curtis, Metrecia L. Terrell, Melanie H. Jacobson, Dawayland O. Cobb, Victoria S. Jiang, Michael F. Neblett, Sabrina A. Gerkowicz, Jessica B. Spencer, M. Elizabeth Marder, Dana Boyd Barr, Karen N. Conneely, Alicia K. Smith and Michele Marcus

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:75

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. Air pollution is the most important environmental risk factor for disease and premature death, and exposure to combustion particles from vehicles is a major contributor. Human epidemiological studies combined ...

    Authors: Jørn A. Holme, Bendik C. Brinchmann, Magne Refsnes, Marit Låg and Johan Øvrevik

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:74

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  31. Only a few studies have examined the impact of a particular heat event on morbidity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the warm summer 2015 on emergency hospital admissions (EHA) in Switzerla...

    Authors: Martina S. Ragettli, Ana M. Vicedo-Cabrera, Benjamin Flückiger and Martin Röösli

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:66

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. Few studies have explored the role of air pollution in neurodegenerative processes, especially various types of dementia. Our aim was to evaluate the association between long-term exposure to air pollution and...

    Authors: Francesco Cerza, Matteo Renzi, Claudio Gariazzo, Marina Davoli, Paola Michelozzi, Francesco Forastiere and Giulia Cesaroni

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:72

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. Despite the available information on cancer risk, asbestos is used in large areas in the world, mostly in the production of asbestos cement. Moreover, questions are raised regarding the shape of the dose respo...

    Authors: Ferdinando Luberto, Daniela Ferrante, Stefano Silvestri, Alessia Angelini, Francesco Cuccaro, Anna Maria Nannavecchia, Enrico Oddone, Massimo Vicentini, Francesco Barone-Adesi, Tiziana Cena, Dario Mirabelli, Lucia Mangone, Francesca Roncaglia, Orietta Sala, Simona Menegozzo, Roberta Pirastu…

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:71

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Air pollution and cardiovascular disease are increasing problems in China. However, the short-term association between fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) is not well documented. The ...

    Authors: Endawoke Amsalu, Tianqi Wang, Haibin Li, Yue Liu, Anxin Wang, Xiangtong Liu, Lixin Tao, Yanxia Luo, Feng Zhang, Xinghua Yang, Xia Li, Wei Wang and Xiuhua Guo

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:70

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Multiple factors, including co-exposure between lifestyle and environmental risks, are important in susceptibility to oxidative DNA damage. However, the underlying mechanism is not fully understood. This study...

    Authors: Yanli Liu, Xuejing Li, Bin Zhang, Ye Fu, Aimin Yang, Hongjie Zhang, Huitao Zhang, Yingying Niu, Jisheng Nie and Jin Yang

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:69

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Recent studies suggest that people with diabetes or who are at risk of developing diabetes, i.e. prediabetic (preDM), are potentially susceptible to air pollution, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear ...

    Authors: Yiqun Han, Yanwen Wang, Weiju Li, Xi Chen, Tao Xue, Wu Chen, Yunfei Fan, Xinghua Qiu and Tong Zhu

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:65

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. Pulmonary heart disease (PHD) has become a global burden, especially in low- and middle-income countries. However, very few studies have assessed the influence of air pollution on PHD. This is the first study ...

    Authors: Jianyu Chen, Jie Zeng, Chunli Shi, Ruicong Liu, Rong Lu, Suling Mao and Li Zhang

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:64

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. Exposures to toxic metals and deficiencies in essential metals disrupt placentation and may contribute to preeclampsia. However, effects of exposure to combinations of metals remain unknown.

    Authors: Paige A. Bommarito, Stephani S. Kim, John D. Meeker, Rebecca C. Fry, David E. Cantonwine, Thomas F. McElrath and Kelly K. Ferguson

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:63

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. Little attention has been paid to neurotoxicants on the risk of dementia. Exposure to known neurotoxicants such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine (OC) pesticides is suspected to have adver...

    Authors: Thierry Comlan Marc Medehouenou, Pierre Ayotte, Pierre-Hugues Carmichael, Edeltraut Kröger, René Verreault, Joan Lindsay, Éric Dewailly, Suzanne L. Tyas, Alexandre Bureau and Danielle Laurin

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:57

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Smoking is a strong risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and causes exposure to cadmium, which is a pro-atherosclerotic metal. Cadmium exposure has also been shown to increase the risk of CVD, even aft...

    Authors: Huiqi Li, Björn Fagerberg, Gerd Sallsten, Yan Borné, Bo Hedblad, Gunnar Engström, Lars Barregard and Eva M. Andersson

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:56

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Previous studies show that escalations in ambient temperature are among the risk factors for acute kidney injury (AKI). However, it has not been adequately studied in our location, Seoul, South Korea. In this ...

    Authors: Satbyul Estella Kim, Hyewon Lee, Jayeun Kim, Young Kyu Lee, Minjin Kang, Yasuaki Hijioka and Ho Kim

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:55

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. All observational studies are liable to confounding and Levin’s formula becomes useless in practice for unbiasedly estimating PAF. With respect to causal interpretation of PAF in public health setting, unbiase...

    Authors: Ahmad Khosravi and Mohammad Ali Mansournia

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:54

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Environmental Health 2019 18:9

    The Letter to the Editor Response to this article has been published in Environmental Health 2019 18:52

  43. There is increasing interest in examining the consequences of simultaneous exposures to chemical mixtures. However, a consensus or recommendations on how to appropriately select the statistical approach analyz...

    Authors: Li Luo, Laurie G. Hudson, Johnnye Lewis and Ji-Hyun Lee

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:46

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. Non-persistent chemicals, such as phthalates, environmental phenols, organophosphate pesticides, and others, are challenging to study because of their ubiquity in the environment, diverse exposure routes, and ...

    Authors: Elizabeth M. Kamai, Thomas F. McElrath and Kelly K. Ferguson

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:43

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  45. In response to the recent review by Gillezeau et al., The evidence of human exposure to glyphosate: A review, Environmental Health 1/19/19, here we report additional glyphosate biomonitoring data from a repositor...

    Authors: Melissa J. Perry, Daniele Mandrioli, Fiorella Belpoggi, Fabiana Manservisi, Simona Panzacchi and Courtney Irwin

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:42

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

    The Review to this article has been published in Environmental Health 2019 18:2

  46. Extreme heat (EH) and extreme precipitation (EP) events are expected to increase with climate change in many parts of the world. Characterizing the potential future morbidity and mortality burden of EH and EP ...

    Authors: Carina J. Gronlund, Lorraine Cameron, Claire Shea and Marie S. O’Neill

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:40

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  47. Spirometric lung function measurements have been proven to be excellent objective markers of respiratory morbidity. The use of different types of spirometers in epidemiological and clinical studies may present...

    Authors: Edith B. Milanzi, Gerard H. Koppelman, Marieke Oldenwening, Sonja Augustijn, Bernadette Aalders-de Ruijter, Martijn Farenhorst, Judith M. Vonk, Marjan Tewis, Bert Brunekreef and Ulrike Gehring

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:39

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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