Skip to main content

Environmental Epidemiology

Population studies of adverse health effects from exposures to environmental hazards

Page 1 of 6

  1. During the COVID-19 pandemic, several illnesses were reduced. In Japan, heat-related illnesses were reduced by 22% compared to pre-pandemic period. However, it is uncertain as to what has led to this reduction...

    Authors: Xerxes Seposo, Lina Madaniyazi, Chris Fook Sheng Ng, Masahiro Hashizume and Yasushi Honda

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:122

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Depression is the leading cause of mental health-related morbidity and affects twice as many women as men. Hispanic/Latina women in the US have unique risk factors for depression and they have lower utilizatio...

    Authors: Theresa M. Bastain, Thomas Chavez, Rima Habre, Ixel Hernandez-Castro, Brendan Grubbs, Claudia M. Toledo-Corral, Shohreh F. Farzan, Nathana Lurvey, Deborah Lerner, Sandrah P. Eckel, Fred Lurmann, Isabel Lagomasino and Carrie Breton

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:121

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  3. Nitrosatable drugs commonly prescribed during pregnancy can react with nitrite to form N-nitroso compounds which have been associated with an increased risk of stillbirth. Whether maternal residential drinking wa...

    Authors: Anne Marie Ladehoff Thomsen, Cecilia Høst Ramlau-Hansen, Jörg Schullehner, Ninna Hinchely Ebdrup, Zeyan Liew, Vanessa Coffman, Leslie Stayner, Birgitte Hansen and Jørn Olsen

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:118

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  4. Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) may increase the risk of hypertension in women of childbearing age, who may be exposed to secondhand smoke (SHS) simultaneously. Till now, few studies have investigated the joint eff...

    Authors: Qianqian Shen, Qian Xu, Guoju Li, Lisheng Ren, Zhenhong Zhang, Yangting Zhang, Zhaoyi Zhong, Xiaona Li and Qiuzhen Wang

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:117

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  5. The association between environmental chemical exposures and chronic diseases is of increasing concern. Chemical risk assessment relies heavily on pre-market toxicity testing to identify safe levels of exposur...

    Authors: Maricel V. Maffini, Birgit Geueke, Ksenia Groh, Bethanie Carney Almroth and Jane Muncke

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:114

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  6. Evidence concerning the impact of long-term exposure to fine Particulate Matter ≤2.5 μm (PM2.5) on Cardio-Vascular Diseases (CVDs) for those people subject to ambient air pollution in developing countries remains...

    Authors: Soheila Jalali, Mojgan Karbakhsh, Mehdi Momeni, Marzieh Taheri, Saeid Amini, Marjan Mansourian and Nizal Sarrafzadegan

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:112

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  7. Testicular germ cell tumours (TGCT) are the most frequent cancers in young men in developed countries and their incidence rate has doubled worldwide over the past 40 years. Early life exposures to pesticides a...

    Authors: Aurélie M. N. Danjou, Olivia Pérol, Astrid Coste, Elodie Faure, Rémi Béranger, Helen Boyle, Elodie Belladame, Lény Grassot, Matthieu Dubuis, Johan Spinosi, Liacine Bouaoun, Aude Fléchon, Louis Bujan, Véronique Drouineaud, Florence Eustache, Isabelle Berthaut…

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:111

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  8. The differential effects of PM2.5 fractions on children’s lung function remain inconclusive. This study aimed to examine whether lung function in asthmatic children was associated with increased PM2.5 fractions i...

    Authors: Yoonhee Kim, Eun Ha Park, Chris Fook Sheng Ng, Yeonseung Chung, Kunio Hashimoto, Kasumi Tashiro, Hideki Hasunuma, Masataka Doi, Kei Tamura, Hiroyuki Moriuchi, Yuji Nishiwaki, Hwajin Kim, Seung-Muk Yi, Ho Kim and Masahiro Hashizume

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:110

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  9. To conduct a systematic review to evaluate the association between residential or occupational short- and long–term exposure to odour pollution from industrial sources and the health status of the exposed popu...

    Authors: Victor Guadalupe-Fernandez, Manuela De Sario, Simona Vecchi, Lisa Bauleo, Paola Michelozzi, Marina Davoli and Carla Ancona

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:108

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  10. Infections with nontyphoidal Salmonella cause an estimated 19,336 hospitalizations each year in the United States. Sources of infection can vary by state and include animal and plant-based foods, as well as envir...

    Authors: Michele E. Morgado, Chengsheng Jiang, Jordan Zambrana, Crystal Romeo Upperman, Clifford Mitchell, Michelle Boyle, Amy R. Sapkota and Amir Sapkota

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:105

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  11. Neighborhood exposure to asbestos increases the risk of developing malignant mesothelioma (MM) in residents who live near asbestos mines and asbestos product plants. The area of Casale Monferrato (Northwest It...

    Authors: C. Airoldi, C. Magnani, F. Lazzarato, D. Mirabelli, S. Tunesi and D. Ferrante

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:103

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  12. Much of the current evidence of associations between long-term PM2.5 and health outcomes relies on national or regional analyses using exposures derived directly from regulatory monitoring data. These findings co...

    Authors: Sun-Young Kim, Arden C. Pope III, Julian D. Marshall, Neal Fann and Lianne Sheppard

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:102

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  13. The outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) began in Wuhan, China in December 2019 and was declared a global pandemic on 11 March 2020. This study aimed to assess the effects of temperature and long-term ex...

    Authors: Anastase Tchicaya, Nathalie Lorentz, Hichem Omrani, Gaetan de Lanchy and Kristell Leduc

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:101

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  14. Urban air pollution is involved in the progress of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Its potential role on the devastating event of Acute Exacerbation of IPF (AE-IPF) needs to be clarified. This study exami...

    Authors: Ioannis Tomos, Konstantina Dimakopoulou, Effrosyni D. Manali, Spyros A. Papiris and Anna Karakatsani

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:99

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  15. Acrylamide (AA) is a toxicant to humans, but the association between AA exposure and the risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) remains unclear. In this study, our objective is to examine the cross-...

    Authors: Zhening Liu, Jinghua Wang, Shenghui Chen, Chengfu Xu and Yu Zhang

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:98

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  16. Environmental chemical exposures can affect telomere length, which in turn has been associated with adverse health outcomes including cancer. Firefighters are occupationally exposed to many hazardous chemicals...

    Authors: Cassidy Clarity, Jessica Trowbridge, Roy Gerona, Katherine Ona, Michael McMaster, Vincent Bessonneau, Ruthann Rudel, Heather Buren and Rachel Morello-Frosch

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:97

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  17. Most epidemiological studies estimate associations without considering exposure measurement error. While some studies have estimated the impact of error in single-exposure models we aimed to quantify the effec...

    Authors: Dimitris Evangelopoulos, Klea Katsouyanni, Joel Schwartz and Heather Walton

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:94

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  18. Air pollution health studies have been increasingly using prediction models for exposure assessment even in areas without monitoring stations. To date, most studies have assumed that a single exposure model is...

    Authors: Mike Z. He, Vivian Do, Siliang Liu, Patrick L. Kinney, Arlene M. Fiore, Xiaomeng Jin, Nicholas DeFelice, Jianzhao Bi, Yang Liu, Tabassum Z. Insaf and Marianthi-Anna Kioumourtzoglou

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:93

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  19. Critical knowledge of what we know about health and disease, risk factors, causation, prevention, and treatment, derives from epidemiology. Unfortunately, its methods and language can be misused and improperly...

    Authors: Colin L. Soskolne, Shira Kramer, Juan Pablo Ramos-Bonilla, Daniele Mandrioli, Jennifer Sass, Michael Gochfeld, Carl F. Cranor, Shailesh Advani and Lisa A. Bero

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:90

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  20. Bisphenol A (BPA) is an endocrine disruptor that it is present in numerous products of daily use. The aim of this study was to assess the potential association of serum BPA concentrations and the risk of incid...

    Authors: Elena Salamanca-Fernández, Miguel Rodríguez-Barranco, Pilar Amiano, Josu Delfrade, Maria Dolores Chirlaque, Sandra Colorado, Marcela Guevara, Ana Jimenez, Juan Pedro Arrebola, Fernando Vela, Nicolás Olea, Antonio Agudo and Maria-José Sánchez

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:88

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  21. Prenatal endocrine disrupting chemical (EDC) exposure has been associated with increased risk of preterm birth. Non-Hispanic Black women have higher incidence of preterm birth compared to other racial/ethnic g...

    Authors: Emma V. Preston, Victoria Fruh, Marlee R. Quinn, Michele R. Hacker, Blair J. Wylie, Karen O’Brien, Shruthi Mahalingaiah and Tamarra James-Todd

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:86

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  22. While year-round exposure to pollen is linked to a large burden of allergic diseases, location-specific risk information on pollen types and allergy outcomes are limited. We characterize the relationship betwe...

    Authors: Shubhayu Saha, Ambarish Vaidyanathan, Fiona Lo, Claudia Brown and Jeremy J. Hess

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:85

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. Epidemiological studies and research on laboratory animals link radiofrequency radiation (RFR) with impacts on the heart, brain, and other organs. Data from the large-scale animal studies conducted by the U.S....

    Authors: Uloma Igara Uche and Olga V. Naidenko

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:84

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. The occurrence of cyanobacterial blooms in freshwater presents a threat to human health. However, epidemiological studies on the association between cyanobacterial blooms in drinking water sources and human he...

    Authors: Jianyong Wu, Elizabeth D. Hilborn, Blake A. Schaeffer, Erin Urquhart, Megan M. Coffer, Cynthia J. Lin and Andrey I. Egorov

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:83

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. Everyday people are exposed to multiple environmental factors, such as surrounding green, air pollution and traffic noise. These exposures are generally spatially correlated. Hence, when estimating association...

    Authors: Jochem O. Klompmaker, Nicole A. H. Janssen, Lizan D. Bloemsma, Marten Marra, Erik Lebret, Ulrike Gehring and Gerard Hoek

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:82

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. Many phenols and parabens are applied in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and food, to prevent growth of bacteria and fungi. Whether these chemicals affect inflammatory diseases like allergies and overweight is larg...

    Authors: Hilde Kristin Vindenes, Cecilie Svanes, Stein Håkon Låstad Lygre, Francisco Gomez Real, Tamar Ringel-Kulka and Randi Jacobsen Bertelsen

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:81

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. Exposure to ionizing radiation has been associated with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. In light of recent work showing an association between ambient particulate matter (PM) gross β-activity and gesta...

    Authors: Veronica A. Wang, Tamarra James-Todd, Michele R. Hacker, Karen E. O’Brien, Blair J. Wylie, Russ Hauser, Paige L. Williams, Andrea Bellavia, Marlee Quinn, Thomas F. McElrath and Stefania Papatheodorou

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:70

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Preterm birth (PTB, birth before 37 weeks of gestation) has been associated with adverse health outcomes across the lifespan. Evidence on the association between PTB and prenatal exposure to air pollutants is ...

    Authors: Kipruto Kirwa, Zlatan Feric, Justin Manjourides, Akram Alshawabekeh, Carmen Milagros Velez Vega, José F. Cordero, John D. Meeker and Helen H. Suh

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:69

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. While fetal growth is a tightly regulated process, it is sensitive to environmental exposures that occur during pregnancy. Many commonly used consumer products contain chemicals that can disturb processes unde...

    Authors: P. A. Bommarito, B. M. Welch, A. P. Keil, G. P. Baker, D. E. Cantonwine, T. F. McElrath and K. K. Ferguson

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:68

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. Prenatal exposure to heavy metals is implicated in the etiology of birth defects. We investigated whether concentrations of cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) in umbilical cord tissue are associated with risk for neur...

    Authors: Mengyuan Liu, Jinhui Yu, Zaiming Su, Ying Sun, Yaqiong Liu, Qing Xie, Zhiwen Li, Linlin Wang, Jie Zhang, Lei Jin and Aiguo Ren

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:66

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Environmental Health 2021 20:80

  31. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and other dementias currently represent the fifth most common cause of death in the world, according to the World Health Organization, with a projected future increase as the proportio...

    Authors: Hedi Katre Kriit, Bertil Forsberg, Daniel Oudin Åström and Anna Oudin

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:65

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. Cadmium is an endocrine disrupting chemical that affects the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. Though evidence suggests its potential role in altering androgen synthesis and metabolic pathways that are char...

    Authors: Keewan Kim, Anna Z. Pollack, Carrie J. Nobles, Lindsey A. Sjaarda, Jessica R. Zolton, Jeannie G. Radoc, Enrique F. Schisterman and Sunni L. Mumford

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:64

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) have been found to be associated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) development, a maternal health disorder in pregnancy with negative effects that can extend b...

    Authors: Rahel L. Birru, Hai-Wei Liang, Fouzia Farooq, Megha Bedi, Maisa Feghali, Catherine L. Haggerty, Dara D. Mendez, Janet M. Catov, Carla A. Ng and Jennifer J. Adibi

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:63

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  34. Researchers have yet to investigate the specific association between 10-μm particulate matter (PM10) levels and the risk of graft failure, kidney disease, or the functional decline of transplanted kidneys, in ...

    Authors: Yong Chul Kim, Ejin Kim, Jiyun Jung, Jae Yoon Park, Hajeong Lee, Dong Ki Kim, Yon Su Kim, Chun Soo Lim, Jung Pyo Lee and Ho Kim

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:61

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Noise pollution is increasingly recognised as a public health hazard, yet limited evidence is available from low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), particularly for specific sources. Here, we investigated th...

    Authors: Aina Roca-Barceló, Adelaide Nardocci, Breno Souza de Aguiar, Adeylson G. Ribeiro, Marcelo Antunes Failla, Anna L. Hansell, Maria Regina Cardoso and Frédéric B. Piel

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:59

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Ambient temperature observations from single monitoring stations (usually located at the major international airport serving a city) are routinely used to estimate heat exposures in epidemiologic studies. This...

    Authors: Nikita Thomas, Stefanie T. Ebelt, Andrew J. Newman, Noah Scovronick, Rohan R. D’Souza, Shannon E. Moss, Joshua L. Warren, Matthew J. Strickland, Lyndsey A. Darrow and Howard H. Chang

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:55

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. Although the associations of outdoor air pollution exposure with mortality and hospital admissions are well established, few previous studies have reported on primary care clinical and prescribing data. We ass...

    Authors: Mark Ashworth, Antonis Analitis, David Whitney, Evangelia Samoli, Sofia Zafeiratou, Richard Atkinson, Konstantina Dimakopoulou, Sean Beavers, Joel Schwartz and Klea Katsouyanni

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:54

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. Fine particulate matter (PM2.5), ozone (O3), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) are major air pollutants that pose considerable threats to human health. However, what has been mostly missing in air pollution epidemiology...

    Authors: Yaguang Wei, Mahdieh Danesh Yazdi, Qian Di, Weeberb J. Requia, Francesca Dominici, Antonella Zanobetti and Joel Schwartz

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:53

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) recently classified glyphosate, the most used herbicide worldwide, as a probable human carcinogen. We inquired into the association between occupational e...

    Authors: Federico Meloni, Giannina Satta, Marina Padoan, Andrea Montagna, Ilaria Pilia, Alessandra Argiolas, Sara Piro, Corrado Magnani, Angela Gambelunghe, Giacomo Muzi, Giovanni Maria Ferri, Luigi Vimercati, Roberta Zanotti, Aldo Scarpa, Mariagrazia Zucca, Sara De Matteis…

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:49

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. The effect of heatwaves on adverse birth outcomes is not well understood and may vary by how heatwaves are defined. The study aims to examine acute associations between various heatwave definitions and preterm...

    Authors: Mengjiao Huang, Matthew J. Strickland, Megan Richards, Heather A. Holmes, Andrew J. Newman, Joshua V. Garn, Yan Liu, Joshua L. Warren, Howard H. Chang and Lyndsey A. Darrow

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:47

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Migraine–an episodic disorder characterized by severe headache that can lead to disability–affects over 1 billion people worldwide. Prior studies have found that short-term exposure to fine particulate matter (PM

    Authors: Holly Elser, Rachel Morello-Frosch, Alice Jacobson, Alice Pressman, Marianthi-Anna Kioumourtzoglou, Richard Reimer and Joan A. Casey

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:45

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Environmental Health 2021 20:57

  42. Chronic exposure to air pollutants is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among adults. However, little is known about how air pollution may affect the development of subclinical ath...

    Authors: Shohreh F. Farzan, Rima Habre, Phoebe Danza, Frederick Lurmann, W. James Gauderman, Edward Avol, Theresa Bastain, Howard N. Hodis and Carrie Breton

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:44

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. Between 1962 and 1971, the US Air Force sprayed Agent Orange across Vietnam, exposing many soldiers to this dioxin-containing herbicide. Several negative health outcomes have been linked to Agent Orange exposu...

    Authors: Matthew R. Rytel, Rondi Butler, Melissa Eliot, Joseph M. Braun, E. Andres Houseman and Karl T. Kelsey

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:43

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. Aspartame is one of the world’s most widely used artificial sweeteners and is an ingredient in more than 5000 food products globally. A particularly important use is in low-calorie beverages consumed by childr...

    Authors: Philip J. Landrigan and Kurt Straif

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:42

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  45. Out-of-hospital-cardiac arrest (OHCA) is frequently linked to environmental exposures. Climate change and global warming phenomenon have been found related to cardiovascular morbidity, however there is no agre...

    Authors: Hannan Kranc, Victor Novack, Alexandra Shtein, Rimma Sherman and Lena Novack

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:38

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  46. The general population is exposed to Radio-Frequency Electromagnetic Fields (RF-EMFs) used by telecommunication networks. Previous studies developed methods to assess this exposure. These methods will be inade...

    Authors: Maarten Velghe, Sam Aerts, Luc Martens, Wout Joseph and Arno Thielens

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:36

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  47. Up to now, 3 epidemiological studies have shown clear inverse associations between prenatal acrylamide exposure and birth size. In addition to studying the association between acrylamide and birth size, we inv...

    Authors: Janneke Hogervorst, Hubert W. Vesper, Narjes Madhloum, Wilfried Gyselaers and Tim Nawrot

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:35

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  48. Both physical and psychological health outcomes have been associated with exposure to environmental noise. Noise sensitivity could have the same moderating effect on physical and psychological health outcomes ...

    Authors: Stephen Stansfeld, Charlotte Clark, Melanie Smuk, John Gallacher and Wolfgang Babisch

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:32

    Content type: Research

    Published on: