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Environmental Epidemiology

Population studies of adverse health effects from exposures to environmental hazards

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  1. Exposure to cold indoor temperature (< 18 degrees Celsius) increases cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and has been identified by the WHO as a source of unhealthy housing. While warming homes has the potential...

    Authors: Ankur Singh, Anja Mizdrak, Lyrian Daniel, Tony Blakely, Emma Baker, Ludmila Fleitas Alfonzo and Rebecca Bentley
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:54
  2. To conduct a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the relationship between endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), poly-brominated diphenyl e...

    Authors: Dandan Yan, Yang Jiao, Honglin Yan, Tian Liu, Hong Yan and Jingping Yuan
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:53
  3. Living in greener areas is associated with slower cognitive decline and reduced dementia risk among older adults, but the evidence with neurodegenerative disease mortality is scarce. We studied the association...

    Authors: Lucía Rodriguez-Loureiro, Sylvie Gadeyne, Mariska Bauwelinck, Wouter Lefebvre, Charlotte Vanpoucke and Lidia Casas
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:49
  4. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and its DNA adducts has been suggested to increase the risk of preterm birth (PB). Yet, few studies have been conducted to investigate this association, and the role of ...

    Authors: Nan Zhao, Weiwei Wu, Shiwei Cui, Haibin Li, Yongliang Feng, Ling Guo, Yawei Zhang and Suping Wang
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:48
  5. Dietary habits have a profound influence on the metabolic activity of gut microorganisms and their influence on health. Concerns have been raised as to whether the consumption of foodstuffs contaminated with p...

    Authors: Robin Mesnage, Ruth C. E. Bowyer, Souleiman El Balkhi, Franck Saint-Marcoux, Arnaud Gardere, Quinten Raymond Ducarmon, Anoecim Robecca Geelen, Romy Daniëlle Zwittink, Dimitris Tsoukalas, Evangelia Sarandi, Efstathia I. Paramera, Timothy Spector, Claire J. Steves and Michael N. Antoniou
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:46
  6. Evidences have shown that the stroke risk associated with long-term exposure to particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of ≤2.5 μm (PM2.5) varies among people in North America, Europe and Asia, but studie...

    Authors: Pei-Chun Chen, Fung-Chang Sung, Chih-Hsin Mou, Chao W. Chen, Shan P. Tsai, Dennis H. P. Hsieh and Chung Y. Hsu
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:43
  7. The two-stage design has become a standard tool in environmental epidemiology to model multi-location data. However, its standard form is rather inflexible and poses important limitations for modelling complex...

    Authors: Francesco Sera and Antonio Gasparrini
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:41

    The Correction to this article has been published in Environmental Health 2022 21:50

  8. Aerosol pollutants are known to raise the risk of development of non-communicable respiratory diseases (NCRDs) such as asthma, chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and allergic rhinitis. ...

    Authors: Bailey E. Glenn, Leon M. Espira, Miles C. Larson and Peter S. Larson
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:40
  9. Air pollution is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, possibly through chronic systemic inflammation that promotes the progression of atherosclerosis and the risk of cardiovascular events....

    Authors: Mehjar Azzouz, Yiyi Xu, Lars Barregard, Björn Fagerberg, Bengt Zöller, Peter Molnár, Anna Oudin, Mårten Spanne, Gunnar Engström and Leo Stockfelt
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:39
  10. The burden of chronic respiratory symptoms and respiratory functional limitations is underestimated in Africa. Few data are available on carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning in sub-Saharan Africa and existing data i...

    Authors: Thomas Zoller, Elirehema H. Mfinanga, Tresphory B. Zumba, Peter J. Asilia, Edwin M. Mutabazi, David Wimmersberger, Francis Mhimbira, Frederick Haraka and Klaus Reither
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:38
  11. Air pollution has been associated with metabolic disease and obesity. Adipokines are potential mediators of these effects, but studies of air pollution-adipokine relationships are inconclusive. Macrophage and ...

    Authors: Md Mostafijur Rahman, Fei Fei Liu, Sandrah P. Eckel, Ishwarya Sankaranarayanan, Pedram Shafiei-Jahani, Emily Howard, Lilit Baronikian, Fred Sattler, Frederick W. Lurmann, Hooman Allayee, Omid Akbari and Rob McConnell
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:36
  12. The watershed in Asubpeeschoseewagong Netum Anishinabek (Grassy Narrows First Nation) territory has been contaminated by mercury (Hg) since 1962, resulting in very high Hg concentrations in fish, central to th...

    Authors: Aline Philibert, Myriam Fillion, Judy Da Silva, Tanya Suvendrini Lena and Donna Mergler
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:34
  13. Ambient PM2.5 is a ubiquitous air pollutant with demonstrated adverse health impacts in population. Hemodialysis patients are a highly vulnerable population and may be particularly susceptible to the effects of P...

    Authors: Yuzhi Xi, David B. Richardson, Abhijit V. Kshirsagar, Timothy J. Wade, Jennifer E. Flythe, Eric A. Whitsel, Geoffrey C. Peterson, Lauren H. Wyatt and Ana G. Rappold
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:33
  14. The biological association between electromagnetic fields (EMF) and idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to EMF (IEI-EMF) has not been established. To assess the physiological changes and symptoms a...

    Authors: Po-Chang Huang, Jui-chin Chiang, Ya-Yun Cheng, Tain-Junn Cheng, Chien-Yuan Huang, Ya-Ting Chuang, Ti Hsu and How-Ran Guo
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:31
  15. Recent studies showed that air pollution might play a role in the etiology of mental disorders. In this study we evaluated the association between air pollution and mental and self-rated health and the possibl...

    Authors: Pauline Hautekiet, Nelly D. Saenen, Stefaan Demarest, Hans Keune, Ingrid Pelgrims, Johan Van der Heyden, Eva M. De Clercq and Tim S. Nawrot
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:29
  16. Brominated flame retardants (BFR) and per- and polyfluorinated alkylated substances (PFAS) are two groups of substances suspected to act as endocrine disruptors. Such substances could therefore be implicated i...

    Authors: Pauline Frenoy, Vittorio Perduca, German Cano-Sancho, Jean-Philippe Antignac, Gianluca Severi and Francesca Romana Mancini
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:27
  17. Polycystic ovary morphology (PCOM) is an ultrasonographic finding that can be present in women with ovulatory disorder and oligomenorrhea due to hypothalamic, pituitary, and ovarian dysfunction. While air poll...

    Authors: Victoria Fruh, Jay Jojo Cheng, Ann Aschengrau, Shruthi Mahalingaiah and Kevin J. Lane
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:26
  18. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) is one of the most extensively used herbicides in the United States. In 2012, 2,4-D was the most widely used herbicide in non-agricultural settings and the fifth most hea...

    Authors: Marlaina S. Freisthler, C. Rebecca Robbins, Charles M. Benbrook, Heather A. Young, David M. Haas, Paul D. Winchester and Melissa J. Perry
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:23
  19. Venous thromboembolisms (VTE) are one of the most frequent cause among the cardiovascular diseases. Despite the association between long-term exposure to air pollution and cardiovascular outcomes have been wid...

    Authors: Matteo Renzi, Massimo Stafoggia, Paola Michelozzi, Marina Davoli, Francesco Forastiere and Angelo G. Solimini
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:21
  20. Dengue dynamics result from the complex interactions between the virus, the host and the vector, all being under the influence of the environment. Several studies explored the link between weather and dengue d...

    Authors: Noé Ochida, Morgan Mangeas, Myrielle Dupont-Rouzeyrol, Cyril Dutheil, Carole Forfait, Alexandre Peltier, Elodie Descloux and Christophe Menkes
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:20
  21. Neighborhood greenspaces provide opportunities for increased physical activity and social interaction, and thus may reduce the risk of Type 2 diabetes. However, there is little robust research on greenspace an...

    Authors: Annie Doubleday, Catherine J. Knott, Marnie F. Hazlehurst, Alain G. Bertoni, Joel D. Kaufman and Anjum Hajat
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:18

    The Correction to this article has been published in Environmental Health 2022 21:28

  22. Several studies have suggested adverse effects of particulate matter (PM) exposure on male reproductive health; few have investigated the association between PM exposure and semen quality in a large population...

    Authors: Wei Wu, Yiqiu Chen, Yuting Cheng, Qiuqin Tang, Feng Pan, Naijun Tang, Zhiwei Sun, Xinru Wang, Stephanie J. London and Yankai Xia
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:16
  23. Communities in Cape Cod, Massachusetts were exposed to tetrachloroethylene (PCE) through contaminated drinking water from 1969 to 1983. PCE exposure during adulthood has well-established neurotoxic effects; ho...

    Authors: Charlotte R. Doran and Ann Aschengrau
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:15
  24. Research suggests that greenspace may confer neurocognitive benefits. This study examines whether residential greenspace is associated with risk of dementia among older adults.

    Authors: Erik D. Slawsky, Anjum Hajat, Isaac C. Rhew, Helen Russette, Erin O. Semmens, Joel D. Kaufman, Cindy S. Leary and Annette L. Fitzpatrick
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:14
  25. Arsenic exposure has been associated with gestational diabetes mellitus. However, the extent to which arsenic exposure during pregnancy is associated with postpartum glucose intolerance is unknown.

    Authors: Abby F. Fleisch, Sudipta Kumer Mukherjee, Subrata K. Biswas, John F. Obrycki, Sheikh Muhammad Ekramullah, D. M. Arman, Joynul Islam, David C. Christiani and Maitreyi Mazumdar
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:13
  26. Previous epidemiological studies on the association between short-term exposure to particulate matter (PM) with hospital admission in major cities in China were limited to shorter study periods or a single hos...

    Authors: Wenjia Peng, Hao Li, Li Peng, Ying Wang and Weibing Wang
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:12
  27. While the health risks of air pollution attract considerable attention, both scholarly and within the general population, citizens are rarely involved in environmental health research, beyond participating as ...

    Authors: Florence Gignac, Valeria Righi, Raül Toran, Lucía Paz Errandonea, Rodney Ortiz, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Javier Creus, Xavier Basagaña and Mara Balestrini
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:11
  28. Previous studies observed associations between prenatal exposure to fine particulate matter (≤ 2.5 μm; PM2.5) and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth and lower birthweight percentile for gestational age. Few, i...

    Authors: Mercedes A. Bravo and Marie Lynn Miranda
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:9
  29. Thirty years ago, Gulf War (GW) veterans returned home with numerous health symptoms that have been associated with neurotoxicant exposures experienced during deployment. The health effects from these exposure...

    Authors: Maxine H. Krengel, Clara G. Zundel, Timothy Heeren, Megan Yee, Avron Spiro, Susan P. Proctor, Claudia M. Grasso and Kimberly Sullivan
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:7
  30. While there is a robust literature on environmental exposure to iodine-131 (131I) in childhood and adolescence and the risk of thyroid cancer and benign nodules, little is known about its effects on thyroid volum...

    Authors: Ekaterina Chirikova, Robert J. McConnell, Patrick O’Kane, Vasilina Yauseyenka, Mark P. Little, Victor Minenko, Vladimir Drozdovitch, Ilya Veyalkin, Maureen Hatch, June M. Chan, Chiung-Yu Huang, Kiyohiko Mabuchi, Elizabeth K. Cahoon, Alexander Rozhko and Lydia B. Zablotska
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:5
  31. The incidence rates of thyroid tumors and nodular goiter show an upward trend worldwide. There are limited reports on the risk of perchlorate and iodine on thyroid tumors, but evidence from population studies ...

    Authors: Huirong Wang, Yousheng Jiang, Jiayi Song, Huiwen Liang, Yuan Liu, Jiewu Huang, Pengliang Yin, Dongting Wu, Hang Zhang, Xinjie Liu, Dongxian Zhou, Wei Wei, Lin Lei, Ji Peng and Jianqing Zhang
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:4
  32. In Iceland air quality is generally good; however, previous studies indicate that there is an association between air pollution in Reykjavik and adverse health effects as measured by dispensing of medications,...

    Authors: Solveig Halldorsdottir, Ragnhildur Gudrun Finnbjornsdottir, Bjarki Thor Elvarsson, Gunnar Gudmundsson and Vilhjalmur Rafnsson
    Citation: Environmental Health 2022 21:2
  33. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common heart rhythm disorder and a risk factor of adverse cardiovascular diseases. Established causes do not fully explain the risk of AF and unexplained risk factors might be rel...

    Authors: Kirstine Wodschow, Cristina M. Villanueva, Mogens Lytken Larsen, Gunnar Gislason, Jörg Schullehner, Birgitte Hansen and Annette Kjær Ersbøll
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:126
  34. Lead (Pb) exposure is a global health hazard causing a wide range of adverse health outcomes. Yet, the mechanisms of Pb toxicology remain incompletely understood, especially during pregnancy. To uncover biolog...

    Authors: Megan M. Niedzwiecki, Shoshannah Eggers, Anu Joshi, Georgia Dolios, Alejandra Cantoral, Héctor Lamadrid-Figueroa, Chitra Amarasiriwardena, Martha M. Téllez-Rojo, Robert O. Wright and Lauren Petrick
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:125
  35. Short-term exposure to ambient nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is associated with adverse respiratory and cardiovascular outcomes. Supplementation of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) has shown protection against...

    Authors: Hao Chen, Siqi Zhang, Wan Shen, Claudia Salazar, Alexandra Schneider, Lauren Wyatt, Ana G. Rappold, David Diaz-Sanchez, Robert B. Devlin, James M. Samet and Haiyan Tong
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:123
  36. During the COVID-19 pandemic, several illnesses were reduced. In Japan, heat-related illnesses were reduced by 22% compared to pre-pandemic period. However, it is uncertain as to what has led to this reduction...

    Authors: Xerxes Seposo, Lina Madaniyazi, Chris Fook Sheng Ng, Masahiro Hashizume and Yasushi Honda
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:122
  37. Depression is the leading cause of mental health-related morbidity and affects twice as many women as men. Hispanic/Latina women in the US have unique risk factors for depression and they have lower utilizatio...

    Authors: Theresa M. Bastain, Thomas Chavez, Rima Habre, Ixel Hernandez-Castro, Brendan Grubbs, Claudia M. Toledo-Corral, Shohreh F. Farzan, Nathana Lurvey, Deborah Lerner, Sandrah P. Eckel, Fred Lurmann, Isabel Lagomasino and Carrie Breton
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:121
  38. Nitrosatable drugs commonly prescribed during pregnancy can react with nitrite to form N-nitroso compounds which have been associated with an increased risk of stillbirth. Whether maternal residential drinking wa...

    Authors: Anne Marie Ladehoff Thomsen, Cecilia Høst Ramlau-Hansen, Jörg Schullehner, Ninna Hinchely Ebdrup, Zeyan Liew, Vanessa Coffman, Leslie Stayner, Birgitte Hansen and Jørn Olsen
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:118
  39. Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) may increase the risk of hypertension in women of childbearing age, who may be exposed to secondhand smoke (SHS) simultaneously. Till now, few studies have investigated the joint eff...

    Authors: Qianqian Shen, Qian Xu, Guoju Li, Lisheng Ren, Zhenhong Zhang, Yangting Zhang, Zhaoyi Zhong, Xiaona Li and Qiuzhen Wang
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:117
  40. The association between environmental chemical exposures and chronic diseases is of increasing concern. Chemical risk assessment relies heavily on pre-market toxicity testing to identify safe levels of exposur...

    Authors: Maricel V. Maffini, Birgit Geueke, Ksenia Groh, Bethanie Carney Almroth and Jane Muncke
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:114
  41. Evidence concerning the impact of long-term exposure to fine Particulate Matter ≤2.5 μm (PM2.5) on Cardio-Vascular Diseases (CVDs) for those people subject to ambient air pollution in developing countries remains...

    Authors: Soheila Jalali, Mojgan Karbakhsh, Mehdi Momeni, Marzieh Taheri, Saeid Amini, Marjan Mansourian and Nizal Sarrafzadegan
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:112
  42. Testicular germ cell tumours (TGCT) are the most frequent cancers in young men in developed countries and their incidence rate has doubled worldwide over the past 40 years. Early life exposures to pesticides a...

    Authors: Aurélie M. N. Danjou, Olivia Pérol, Astrid Coste, Elodie Faure, Rémi Béranger, Helen Boyle, Elodie Belladame, Lény Grassot, Matthieu Dubuis, Johan Spinosi, Liacine Bouaoun, Aude Fléchon, Louis Bujan, Véronique Drouineaud, Florence Eustache, Isabelle Berthaut…
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:111
  43. The differential effects of PM2.5 fractions on children’s lung function remain inconclusive. This study aimed to examine whether lung function in asthmatic children was associated with increased PM2.5 fractions i...

    Authors: Yoonhee Kim, Eun Ha Park, Chris Fook Sheng Ng, Yeonseung Chung, Kunio Hashimoto, Kasumi Tashiro, Hideki Hasunuma, Masataka Doi, Kei Tamura, Hiroyuki Moriuchi, Yuji Nishiwaki, Hwajin Kim, Seung-Muk Yi, Ho Kim and Masahiro Hashizume
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:110
  44. To conduct a systematic review to evaluate the association between residential or occupational short- and long–term exposure to odour pollution from industrial sources and the health status of the exposed popu...

    Authors: Victor Guadalupe-Fernandez, Manuela De Sario, Simona Vecchi, Lisa Bauleo, Paola Michelozzi, Marina Davoli and Carla Ancona
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:108
  45. Infections with nontyphoidal Salmonella cause an estimated 19,336 hospitalizations each year in the United States. Sources of infection can vary by state and include animal and plant-based foods, as well as envir...

    Authors: Michele E. Morgado, Chengsheng Jiang, Jordan Zambrana, Crystal Romeo Upperman, Clifford Mitchell, Michelle Boyle, Amy R. Sapkota and Amir Sapkota
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:105
  46. Neighborhood exposure to asbestos increases the risk of developing malignant mesothelioma (MM) in residents who live near asbestos mines and asbestos product plants. The area of Casale Monferrato (Northwest It...

    Authors: C. Airoldi, C. Magnani, F. Lazzarato, D. Mirabelli, S. Tunesi and D. Ferrante
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:103