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Environmental Epidemiology

Population studies of adverse health effects from exposures to environmental hazards

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  1. Exposure to ionizing radiation has been associated with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. In light of recent work showing an association between ambient particulate matter (PM) gross β-activity and gesta...

    Authors: Veronica A. Wang, Tamarra James-Todd, Michele R. Hacker, Karen E. O’Brien, Blair J. Wylie, Russ Hauser, Paige L. Williams, Andrea Bellavia, Marlee Quinn, Thomas F. McElrath and Stefania Papatheodorou

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:70

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Preterm birth (PTB, birth before 37 weeks of gestation) has been associated with adverse health outcomes across the lifespan. Evidence on the association between PTB and prenatal exposure to air pollutants is ...

    Authors: Kipruto Kirwa, Zlatan Feric, Justin Manjourides, Akram Alshawabekeh, Carmen Milagros Velez Vega, José F. Cordero, John D. Meeker and Helen H. Suh

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:69

    Content type: Research

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  3. While fetal growth is a tightly regulated process, it is sensitive to environmental exposures that occur during pregnancy. Many commonly used consumer products contain chemicals that can disturb processes unde...

    Authors: P. A. Bommarito, B. M. Welch, A. P. Keil, G. P. Baker, D. E. Cantonwine, T. F. McElrath and K. K. Ferguson

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:68

    Content type: Research

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  4. Prenatal exposure to heavy metals is implicated in the etiology of birth defects. We investigated whether concentrations of cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) in umbilical cord tissue are associated with risk for neur...

    Authors: Mengyuan Liu, Jinhui Yu, Zaiming Su, Ying Sun, Yaqiong Liu, Qing Xie, Zhiwen Li, Linlin Wang, Jie Zhang, Lei Jin and Aiguo Ren

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:66

    Content type: Research

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  5. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and other dementias currently represent the fifth most common cause of death in the world, according to the World Health Organization, with a projected future increase as the proportio...

    Authors: Hedi Katre Kriit, Bertil Forsberg, Daniel Oudin Åström and Anna Oudin

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:65

    Content type: Research

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  6. Cadmium is an endocrine disrupting chemical that affects the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. Though evidence suggests its potential role in altering androgen synthesis and metabolic pathways that are char...

    Authors: Keewan Kim, Anna Z. Pollack, Carrie J. Nobles, Lindsey A. Sjaarda, Jessica R. Zolton, Jeannie G. Radoc, Enrique F. Schisterman and Sunni L. Mumford

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:64

    Content type: Research

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  7. Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) have been found to be associated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) development, a maternal health disorder in pregnancy with negative effects that can extend b...

    Authors: Rahel L. Birru, Hai-Wei Liang, Fouzia Farooq, Megha Bedi, Maisa Feghali, Catherine L. Haggerty, Dara D. Mendez, Janet M. Catov, Carla A. Ng and Jennifer J. Adibi

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:63

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  8. Researchers have yet to investigate the specific association between 10-μm particulate matter (PM10) levels and the risk of graft failure, kidney disease, or the functional decline of transplanted kidneys, in ...

    Authors: Yong Chul Kim, Ejin Kim, Jiyun Jung, Jae Yoon Park, Hajeong Lee, Dong Ki Kim, Yon Su Kim, Chun Soo Lim, Jung Pyo Lee and Ho Kim

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:61

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  9. Noise pollution is increasingly recognised as a public health hazard, yet limited evidence is available from low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), particularly for specific sources. Here, we investigated th...

    Authors: Aina Roca-Barceló, Adelaide Nardocci, Breno Souza de Aguiar, Adeylson G. Ribeiro, Marcelo Antunes Failla, Anna L. Hansell, Maria Regina Cardoso and Frédéric B. Piel

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:59

    Content type: Research

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  10. Ambient temperature observations from single monitoring stations (usually located at the major international airport serving a city) are routinely used to estimate heat exposures in epidemiologic studies. This...

    Authors: Nikita Thomas, Stefanie T. Ebelt, Andrew J. Newman, Noah Scovronick, Rohan R. D’Souza, Shannon E. Moss, Joshua L. Warren, Matthew J. Strickland, Lyndsey A. Darrow and Howard H. Chang

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:55

    Content type: Research

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  11. Although the associations of outdoor air pollution exposure with mortality and hospital admissions are well established, few previous studies have reported on primary care clinical and prescribing data. We ass...

    Authors: Mark Ashworth, Antonis Analitis, David Whitney, Evangelia Samoli, Sofia Zafeiratou, Richard Atkinson, Konstantina Dimakopoulou, Sean Beavers, Joel Schwartz and Klea Katsouyanni

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:54

    Content type: Research

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  12. Fine particulate matter (PM2.5), ozone (O3), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) are major air pollutants that pose considerable threats to human health. However, what has been mostly missing in air pollution epidemiology...

    Authors: Yaguang Wei, Mahdieh Danesh Yazdi, Qian Di, Weeberb J. Requia, Francesca Dominici, Antonella Zanobetti and Joel Schwartz

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:53

    Content type: Research

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  13. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) recently classified glyphosate, the most used herbicide worldwide, as a probable human carcinogen. We inquired into the association between occupational e...

    Authors: Federico Meloni, Giannina Satta, Marina Padoan, Andrea Montagna, Ilaria Pilia, Alessandra Argiolas, Sara Piro, Corrado Magnani, Angela Gambelunghe, Giacomo Muzi, Giovanni Maria Ferri, Luigi Vimercati, Roberta Zanotti, Aldo Scarpa, Mariagrazia Zucca, Sara De Matteis…

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:49

    Content type: Research

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  14. The effect of heatwaves on adverse birth outcomes is not well understood and may vary by how heatwaves are defined. The study aims to examine acute associations between various heatwave definitions and preterm...

    Authors: Mengjiao Huang, Matthew J. Strickland, Megan Richards, Heather A. Holmes, Andrew J. Newman, Joshua V. Garn, Yan Liu, Joshua L. Warren, Howard H. Chang and Lyndsey A. Darrow

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:47

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  15. Migraine–an episodic disorder characterized by severe headache that can lead to disability–affects over 1 billion people worldwide. Prior studies have found that short-term exposure to fine particulate matter (PM

    Authors: Holly Elser, Rachel Morello-Frosch, Alice Jacobson, Alice Pressman, Marianthi-Anna Kioumourtzoglou, Richard Reimer and Joan A. Casey

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:45

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Environmental Health 2021 20:57

  16. Chronic exposure to air pollutants is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among adults. However, little is known about how air pollution may affect the development of subclinical ath...

    Authors: Shohreh F. Farzan, Rima Habre, Phoebe Danza, Frederick Lurmann, W. James Gauderman, Edward Avol, Theresa Bastain, Howard N. Hodis and Carrie Breton

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:44

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  17. Between 1962 and 1971, the US Air Force sprayed Agent Orange across Vietnam, exposing many soldiers to this dioxin-containing herbicide. Several negative health outcomes have been linked to Agent Orange exposu...

    Authors: Matthew R. Rytel, Rondi Butler, Melissa Eliot, Joseph M. Braun, E. Andres Houseman and Karl T. Kelsey

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:43

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  18. Aspartame is one of the world’s most widely used artificial sweeteners and is an ingredient in more than 5000 food products globally. A particularly important use is in low-calorie beverages consumed by childr...

    Authors: Philip J. Landrigan and Kurt Straif

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:42

    Content type: Commentary

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  19. Out-of-hospital-cardiac arrest (OHCA) is frequently linked to environmental exposures. Climate change and global warming phenomenon have been found related to cardiovascular morbidity, however there is no agre...

    Authors: Hannan Kranc, Victor Novack, Alexandra Shtein, Rimma Sherman and Lena Novack

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:38

    Content type: Research

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  20. The general population is exposed to Radio-Frequency Electromagnetic Fields (RF-EMFs) used by telecommunication networks. Previous studies developed methods to assess this exposure. These methods will be inade...

    Authors: Maarten Velghe, Sam Aerts, Luc Martens, Wout Joseph and Arno Thielens

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:36

    Content type: Methodology

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  21. Up to now, 3 epidemiological studies have shown clear inverse associations between prenatal acrylamide exposure and birth size. In addition to studying the association between acrylamide and birth size, we inv...

    Authors: Janneke Hogervorst, Hubert W. Vesper, Narjes Madhloum, Wilfried Gyselaers and Tim Nawrot

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:35

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  22. Both physical and psychological health outcomes have been associated with exposure to environmental noise. Noise sensitivity could have the same moderating effect on physical and psychological health outcomes ...

    Authors: Stephen Stansfeld, Charlotte Clark, Melanie Smuk, John Gallacher and Wolfgang Babisch

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:32

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. Although the frequency and magnitude of climate change-related health hazards (CCRHHs) are likely to increase, the population vulnerabilities and corresponding health impacts are dependent on a community’s exp...

    Authors: Jessica Yu, Kaitlin Castellani, Krista Forysinski, Paul Gustafson, James Lu, Emily Peterson, Martino Tran, Angela Yao, Jingxuan Zhao and Michael Brauer

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:31

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. The adverse effects of particulate air pollution on heart rate variability (HRV) have been reported. However, it remains unclear whether they differ by the weight status as well as between wake and sleep.

    Authors: Luyi Li, Dayu Hu, Wenlou Zhang, Liyan Cui, Xu Jia, Di Yang, Shan Liu, Furong Deng, Junxiu Liu and Xinbiao Guo

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:29

    Content type: Research

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  25. Pesticides play an important role in protecting the food supply and the public’s health from pests and diseases. By their nature, pesticides can be toxic to unintended target organisms. Changing winds contribu...

    Authors: Edward J. Kasner, Joanne B. Prado, Michael G. Yost and Richard A. Fenske

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:26

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. The SIRT1 gene was associated with the lifespan in several organisms through inflammatory and oxidative stress pathways. Long-term air particulate matter (PM) is detrimental to health through the same pathways.

    Authors: Yao Yao, Linxin Liu, Guang Guo, Yi Zeng and John S. Ji

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:25

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. Bisphenol A (BPA) is a non-persistent chemical with endocrine disrupting abilities used in a variety of consumer products. Fetal exposure to BPA is of concern due to the elevated sensitivity, which particularl...

    Authors: Julie Bang Hansen, Niels Bilenberg, Clara Amalie Gade Timmermann, Richard Christian Jensen, Hanne Frederiksen, Anna-Maria Andersson, Henriette Boye Kyhl and Tina Kold Jensen

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:24

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Phosri et al., commented on our previous study about the influence of climate variables at the beginning of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in Spain. They showed the impact of the association of gross domestic product...

    Authors: Pedro Muñoz Cacho, José L. Hernández, Marcos López-Hoyos and Víctor M. Martínez-Taboada

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:18

    Content type: Letter to the Editor Response

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Environmental Health 2021 20:17

  29. A report published in this journal showed an inversely significant association between ultraviolet radiation (UVR) before the pandemic and cumulative COVID-19 cases in Spain. The analyses employed several mete...

    Authors: Arthit Phosri, Yang Cao, Mariko Harada Sassa and Kouji H. Harada

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:17

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Environmental Health 2020 19:106

    The Letter to the Editor Response to this article has been published in Environmental Health 2021 20:18

  30. In August 2017, Hurricane Harvey caused unprecedented flooding across the greater Houston area. Given the potential for widespread flood-related exposures, including mold and sewage, and the emotional and ment...

    Authors: Abiodun O. Oluyomi, Kristen Panthagani, Jesus Sotelo, Xiangjun Gu, Georgina Armstrong, Dan Na Luo, Kristi L. Hoffman, Diana Rohlman, Lane Tidwell, Winifred J. Hamilton, Elaine Symanski, Kimberly Anderson, Joseph F. Petrosino, Cheryl Lyn Walker and Melissa Bondy

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:9

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. The aim of our study was to describe seasonal trends of acute kidney injury (AKI) and its relationship with weather conditions in a hospitalized population.

    Authors: Gianmarco Lombardi, Giovanni Gambaro, Nicoletta Pertica, Alessandro Naticchia, Matteo Bargagli and Pietro Manuel Ferraro

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:8

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. Air pollution is a major issue that poses a health threat worldwide. Although several studies investigated the adverse effects of air pollution on various diseases, few have directly demonstrated the effects o...

    Authors: Jeong Yee, Young Ah Cho, Hee Jeong Yoo, Hyunseo Yun and Hye Sun Gwak

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:6

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  33. Evidence suggests that exposure to particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 10 μm (PM10) is associated with reduced birth weight, but information is limited on the sources of PM10 and exposure miscl...

    Authors: Yingxin Chen, Susan Hodgson, John Gulliver, Raquel Granell, A. John Henderson, Yutong Cai and Anna L. Hansell

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Long-term exposures to air pollution has been reported to be associated with inflammation and oxidative stress. However, the underlying metabolic mechanisms remain poorly understood.

    Authors: Feiby L. Nassan, Rachel S. Kelly, Anna Kosheleva, Petros Koutrakis, Pantel S. Vokonas, Jessica A. Lasky-Su and Joel D. Schwartz

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Prior studies have investigated the association of PM2.5 exposure with arterial stiffness measured by ankle-brachial index (ABI) and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), of which conclusions are inconsiste...

    Authors: Dianqin Sun, Yue Liu, Jie Zhang, Jia Liu, Zhiyuan Wu, Mengyang Liu, Xia Li, Xiuhua Guo and Lixin Tao

    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:2

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Preconception exposure to air pollution has been associated with glucose tolerance during pregnancy. However, the evidence in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) is under debate yet. Therefore, this study ...

    Authors: Moslem Lari Najafi, Mehdi Zarei, Ali Gohari, Leyla Haghighi, Hafez Heydari and Mohammad Miri

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:131

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. Exposure to heat, air pollution, and pollen are associated with health outcomes, including cardiovascular and respiratory disease. Studies assessing the health impacts of climate change have considered increas...

    Authors: Susan C. Anenberg, Shannon Haines, Elizabeth Wang, Nicholas Nassikas and Patrick L. Kinney

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:130

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  38. Further knowledge on modifiable aging risk factors is required to mitigate the increasing burden of age-related diseases in a rapidly growing global demographic of elderly individuals. We explored the effect o...

    Authors: Sofia Pavanello, Manuela Campisi, Giuseppe Mastrangelo, Mirjam Hoxha and Valentina Bollati

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:128

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. In 1968, the Yusho incident resulted in accidental exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and related compounds in Japan. This study updated the risk of mortality ...

    Authors: Daisuke Onozuka, Yuko Nakamura, Gaku Tsuji and Masutaka Furue

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:119

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. The immune system, as a homeostatic system, is an excellent marker of health and has also been proposed as an indicator of the rate of aging. The base of the age-related changes in the immune system, “immunose...

    Authors: E. Díaz-Del Cerro, C. Vida, I. Martínez de Toda, J. Félix and M. De la Fuente

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:118

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Understanding context specific heat-health risks in urban areas is important, especially given anticipated severe increases in summer temperatures due to climate change effects. We investigate social inequalit...

    Authors: Marta Ellena, Joan Ballester, Paola Mercogliano, Elisa Ferracin, Giuliana Barbato, Giuseppe Costa and Vijendra Ingole

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:116

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Over the past four decades, drought episodes in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) of the of the World Health Organization (WHO) have gradually become more widespread, prolonged and frequent. We aimed to m...

    Authors: Saverio Bellizzi, Chris Lane, Mohamed Elhakim and Pierre Nabeth

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:114

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. While many studies reported the association between long-term exposure to particulate matter air pollution (PM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD), few studies focused on incidence with relatively high-dose expo...

    Authors: Ok-Jin Kim, Soo Hyun Lee, Si-Hyuck Kang and Sun-Young Kim

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:113

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. Exposure to particulate matter air pollution has been associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality; however, most studies have focused on fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure and CVD. ...

    Authors: Emilie Davis, Brian Malig, Rachel Broadwin, Keita Ebisu, Rupa Basu, Ellen B. Gold, Lihong Qi, Carol A. Derby, Sung Kyun Park and Xiangmei (May) Wu

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:111

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. Evidence is limited on excess risks of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) associated with ambient air pollution in diabetic populations. Survival analyses without considering the spatial structure and possible spa...

    Authors: Pei-Fang Su, Fei-Ci Sie, Chun-Ting Yang, Yu-Lin Mau, Shihchen Kuo and Huang-Tz Ou

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:110

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  46. Environmental factors play a central role in seasonal epidemics. SARS-CoV-2 infection in Spain has shown a heterogeneous geographical pattern This study aimed to assess the influence of several climatic factor...

    Authors: Pedro Muñoz Cacho, José L. Hernández, Marcos López-Hoyos and Víctor M. Martínez-Taboada

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:106

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Environmental Health 2021 20:17