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Environmental Epidemiology

Population studies of adverse health effects from exposures to environmental hazards

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  1. In 1968, the Yusho incident resulted in accidental exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and related compounds in Japan. This study updated the risk of mortality ...

    Authors: Daisuke Onozuka, Yuko Nakamura, Gaku Tsuji and Masutaka Furue

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:119

    Content type: Research

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  2. The immune system, as a homeostatic system, is an excellent marker of health and has also been proposed as an indicator of the rate of aging. The base of the age-related changes in the immune system, “immunose...

    Authors: E. Díaz-Del Cerro, C. Vida, I. Martínez de Toda, J. Félix and M. De la Fuente

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:118

    Content type: Research

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  3. Understanding context specific heat-health risks in urban areas is important, especially given anticipated severe increases in summer temperatures due to climate change effects. We investigate social inequalit...

    Authors: Marta Ellena, Joan Ballester, Paola Mercogliano, Elisa Ferracin, Giuliana Barbato, Giuseppe Costa and Vijendra Ingole

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:116

    Content type: Research

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  4. Over the past four decades, drought episodes in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) of the of the World Health Organization (WHO) have gradually become more widespread, prolonged and frequent. We aimed to m...

    Authors: Saverio Bellizzi, Chris Lane, Mohamed Elhakim and Pierre Nabeth

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:114

    Content type: Research

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  5. While many studies reported the association between long-term exposure to particulate matter air pollution (PM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD), few studies focused on incidence with relatively high-dose expo...

    Authors: Ok-Jin Kim, Soo Hyun Lee, Si-Hyuck Kang and Sun-Young Kim

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:113

    Content type: Research

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  6. Exposure to particulate matter air pollution has been associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality; however, most studies have focused on fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure and CVD. ...

    Authors: Emilie Davis, Brian Malig, Rachel Broadwin, Keita Ebisu, Rupa Basu, Ellen B. Gold, Lihong Qi, Carol A. Derby, Sung Kyun Park and Xiangmei (May) Wu

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:111

    Content type: Research

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  7. Evidence is limited on excess risks of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) associated with ambient air pollution in diabetic populations. Survival analyses without considering the spatial structure and possible spa...

    Authors: Pei-Fang Su, Fei-Ci Sie, Chun-Ting Yang, Yu-Lin Mau, Shihchen Kuo and Huang-Tz Ou

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:110

    Content type: Research

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  8. Exposure to perfluorinated-alkyl-acids (PFAAs) is ubiquitous. PFAAs are hormone-disrupting compounds that are strongly suspected to affect mother-child-health such as fetal growth. Thyroid disruption is a plau...

    Authors: Sophie A. H. Boesen, Manhai Long, Maria Wielsøe, Vicente Mustieles, Mariana F. Fernandez and Eva C. Bonefeld-Jørgensen

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:107

    Content type: Review

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  9. Environmental factors play a central role in seasonal epidemics. SARS-CoV-2 infection in Spain has shown a heterogeneous geographical pattern This study aimed to assess the influence of several climatic factor...

    Authors: Pedro Muñoz Cacho, José L. Hernández, Marcos López-Hoyos and Víctor M. Martínez-Taboada

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:106

    Content type: Research

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  10. Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) may cause diabetes, in part through aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) binding. Ensuing mitochondrial dysfunction is postulated to mediate this effect. We aim to investigate t...

    Authors: Bruce B. Duncan, Cristina D. Castilhos, Paula A. Bracco, Maria I. Schmidt, Sora Kang, Suyeol Im, Hong-Kyu Lee, Álvaro Vigo and Youngmi K. Pak

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:105

    Content type: Research

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  11. Residents in a large area of North-Eastern Italy were exposed to perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) via drinking water. Studies on the association between PFAS and blood pressure levels are limited, and results ...

    Authors: Gisella Pitter, Maryam Zare Jeddi, Giulia Barbieri, Massimo Gion, Aline S. C. Fabricio, Francesca Daprà, Francesca Russo, Tony Fletcher and Cristina Canova

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:102

    Content type: Research

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  12. Association between fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) is inconsistent and appears to change in each trimester. We aim to investigate the association of exposure to ambi...

    Authors: Xiujuan Su, Yan Zhao, Yingying Yang and Jing Hua

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:101

    Content type: Research

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  13. Many studies of adults with occupational exposure to solvents such as tetrachloroethylene (PCE) have shown adverse effects on cognition, mood and behavioral problems. Much less is known about neurotoxic effect...

    Authors: Ann Aschengrau, Alexandra Grippo, Michael R. Winter, Margaret G. Shea, Roberta F. White and Richard Saitz

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:99

    Content type: Research

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  14. Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are used in consumer products for their water repellent and flame retardant properties, respectively. However, there is widespread pr...

    Authors: Stephanie M. Eick, Elizabeth K. Hom Thepaksorn, Monika A. Izano, Lara J. Cushing, Yunzhu Wang, Sabrina Crispo Smith, Songmei Gao, June-Soo Park, Amy M. Padula, Erin DeMicco, Linda Valeri, Tracey J. Woodruff and Rachel Morello-Frosch

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:100

    Content type: Research

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  15. Several studies have investigated the associations between ambient temperature and years of life lost (YLLs), but few focused on the difference of life loss attributable to temperature among different socioeco...

    Authors: Siqi Chen, Yize Xiao, Maigeng Zhou, Chunliang Zhou, Min Yu, Biao Huang, Yanjun Xu, Tao Liu, Jianxiong Hu, Xiaojun Xu, Lifeng Lin, Ruying Hu, Zhulin Hou, Junhua Li, Donghui Jin, Mingfang Qin…

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:98

    Content type: Research

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  16. Organophosphate esters (OPEs)—used as flame retardants and plasticizers—are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes such as reduced fecundity and live births and increased preterm delivery. OPEs may interfe...

    Authors: Kathryn A. Crawford, Nicola Hawley, Antonia M. Calafat, Nayana K. Jayatilaka, Rosemary J. Froehlich, Phinnara Has, Lisa G. Gallagher, David A. Savitz, Joseph M. Braun, Erika F. Werner and Megan E. Romano

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:97

    Content type: Research

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  17. Statistical methods to study the joint effects of environmental factors are of great importance to understand the impact of correlated exposures that may act synergistically or antagonistically on health outco...

    Authors: Yuyan Wang, Yinxiang Wu, Melanie H. Jacobson, Myeonggyun Lee, Peng Jin, Leonardo Trasande and Mengling Liu

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:96

    Content type: Research

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  18. Health risks due to particulate matter (PM) from wildfires may differ from risk due to PM from other sources. In places frequently subjected to wildfire smoke, such as Reno, Nevada, it is critical to determine...

    Authors: Daniel Kiser, William J. Metcalf, Gai Elhanan, Brendan Schnieder, Karen Schlauch, Andrew Joros, Craig Petersen and Joseph Grzymski

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:92

    Content type: Research

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  19. Various maternal conditions, especially in utero conditions and prenatal exposure to environments with air pollution and greenness, have been reviewed to address the enhancement and prevention of susceptibilit...

    Authors: Kyung Ju Lee, Hyemi Moon, Hyo Ri Yun, Eun Lyeong Park, Ae Ran Park, Hijeong Choi, Kwan Hong and Juneyoung Lee

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:91

    Content type: Review

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  20. Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) in early life, including pneumonia, bronchitis and bronchiolitis, can lead to decreased lung function, persistent lung damage and increased susceptibility to various r...

    Authors: Sharon Goshen, Lena Novack, Offer Erez, Maayan Yitshak-Sade, Itai Kloog, Alexandra Shtein and Eilon Shany

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:90

    Content type: Research

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  21. Evidence on the association between exposure to perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) and blood glucose concentrations in pregnant women is inconsistent. This study aimed to examine the associa...

    Authors: Yanfeng Ren, Longmei Jin, Fen Yang, Hong Liang, Zhaofeng Zhang, Jing Du, Xiuxia Song, Maohua Miao and Wei Yuan

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:88

    Content type: Research

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  22. Studies of associations between industrial air emissions and rheumatic diseases, or diseases-related serological biomarkers, are few. Moreover, previous evaluations typically studied individual (not mixed) emi...

    Authors: Naizhuo Zhao, Audrey Smargiassi, Marianne Hatzopoulou, Ines Colmegna, Marie Hudson, Marvin J. Fritzler, Philip Awadalla and Sasha Bernatsky

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:86

    Content type: Research

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  23. Previous biomonitoring studies have shown that people in the rural population of Coquimbo, the major agricultural area in northern Chile are being occupationally and environmentally exposed to organophosphate/...

    Authors: Muriel Ramírez-Santana, Liliana Zúñiga-Venegas, Sebastián Corral, Nel Roeleveld, Hans Groenewoud, Koos Van der Velden, Paul T. J. Scheepers and Floria Pancetti

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:84

    Content type: Research

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  24. Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is a pervasive urban pollutant originating primarily from vehicle emissions. Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is associated with a considerable public health burden worldwide, but whether NO2 e...

    Authors: David M. Stieb, Carine Zheng, Dina Salama, Rania Berjawi, Monica Emode, Robyn Hocking, Ninon Lyrette, Carlyn Matz, Eric Lavigne and Hwashin H. Shin

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:47

    Content type: Review

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Environmental Health 2020 19:85

  25. Parabens are a group of esters of para-hydroxybenzoic acid utilized as antimicrobial preservatives in many personal care products. Epidemiological studies regarding the adverse effects of parabens on fetuses a...

    Authors: Karen Vrijens, Ilse Van Overmeire, Koen De Cremer, Kristof Y. Neven, Riccardo M. Carollo, Christiane Vleminckx, Joris Van Loco and Tim S. Nawrot

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:83

    Content type: Research

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  26. Inconclusive evidence has suggested a possible link between air pollution and central nervous system (CNS) tumors. We investigated a range of air pollutants in relation to types of CNS tumors.

    Authors: Aslak Harbo Poulsen, Ulla Arthur Hvidtfeldt, Mette Sørensen, Robin Puett, Matthias Ketzel, Jørgen Brandt, Camilla Geels, Jesper H. Christensen and Ole Raaschou-Nielsen

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:81

    Content type: Research

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  27. Epidemiological associations between maternal concentrations of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) and birth weight are inconsistent. There is concern that studies based on samples collected in late pregnancy ma...

    Authors: Christel Nielsen, Ulrika Andersson Hall, Christian Lindh, Ulf Ekström, Yiyi Xu, Ying Li, Agneta Holmäng and Kristina Jakobsson

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:80

    Content type: Research

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  28. Extreme ambient temperatures and air quality have been directly associated with various human diseases from several studies around the world. However, few analyses involving the association of these environmen...

    Authors: Iara da Silva, Daniela Sanches de Almeida, Elizabeth Mie Hashimoto and Leila Droprinchinski Martins

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:79

    Content type: Research

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  29. Exposure to particulate matter (PM) emitted from biomass burning is an increasing concern, particularly in Southeast Asia. It is not yet clear how the source of PM influences the risk of an adverse health outc...

    Authors: W. Mueller, M. Loh, S. Vardoulakis, H. J. Johnston, S. Steinle, N. Precha, W. Kliengchuay, K. Tantrakarnapa and J. W. Cherrie

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:77

    Content type: Research

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  30. Exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is related to decreased lung function. However, whether oxidative damage is involved in this relationship remains unclear. This study was aimed to explore th...

    Authors: Limin Cao, Yun Zhou, Aijun Tan, Tingming Shi, Chunmei Zhu, Lili Xiao, Zhuang Zhang, Shijie Yang, Ge Mu, Xing Wang, Dongming Wang, Jixuan Ma and Weihong Chen

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:75

    Content type: Research

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  31. Research has suggested that artificial light at night (LAN) may disrupt circadian rhythms, sleep, and contribute to the development of obesity. However, almost all previous studies are cross-sectional, thus, t...

    Authors: Dong Zhang, Rena R. Jones, Tiffany M. Powell-Wiley, Peng Jia, Peter James and Qian Xiao

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:74

    Content type: Research

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  32. Daily changes in ambient air pollution have been associated with cardiac morbidity and mortality. Precipitating a cardiac arrhythmia in susceptible individuals may be one mechanism. We investigated the influen...

    Authors: Robert Dales, Douglas S. Lee, Xuesong Wang, Sabit Cakmak, Mieczyslaw Szyszkowicz, Robin Shutt and David Birnie

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:72

    Content type: Research

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  33. Exposure to air pollution was reported to affect glucose metabolism, increasing the risk of diabetes mellitus. We conducted an epidemiological study on glucose metabolism and air pollution by exploring the lev...

    Authors: Myung-Jae Hwang, Jong-Hun Kim, Youn-Seo Koo, Hui-Young Yun and Hae-Kwan Cheong

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:70

    Content type: Research

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  34. Multiple studies have suggested that various pesticides are associated with a higher risk of developing Parkinson’s disease (PD) and may influence the progression of the disease. However, the evidence regardin...

    Authors: Márcio Schneider Medeiros, Sumanth P. Reddy, Mariana P. Socal, Artur Francisco Schumacher-Schuh and Carlos Roberto Mello Rieder

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:68

    Content type: Research

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  35. Debates over the importance of “lifestyle” versus “environment” contributions to cancer have been going on for over 40 years. While it is clear that cigarette smoking is the most significant cancer risk factor...

    Authors: Douglas J. Myers, Polly Hoppin, Molly Jacobs, Richard Clapp and David Kriebel

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:64

    Content type: Research

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  36. There have been no studies of air pollution and mortality in Lima, Peru. We evaluate whether daily environmental PM2.5 exposure is associated to respiratory and cardiovascular mortality in Lima during 2010 to 201...

    Authors: Vilma Tapia, Kyle Steenland, Bryan Vu, Yang Liu, Vanessa Vásquez and Gustavo F. Gonzales

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:63

    Content type: Research

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  37. Nyamulagira and Nyiragongo are active volcanoes situated close to Goma (North Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo). These volcanoes are among the most prolific sources of volcanic SO2 pollution on earth.

    Authors: Caroline Michellier, Patrick de Marie Chimusa Katoto, Michèle Dramaix, Benoit Nemery and François Kervyn

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:62

    Content type: Research

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  38. Polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) exposures have been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. A hypothesized mechanism is via alterations in placental development and function. However, we lack biomarke...

    Authors: Julia R. Varshavsky, Joshua F. Robinson, Yan Zhou, Kenisha A. Puckett, Elaine Kwan, Sirirak Buarpung, Rayyan Aburajab, Stephanie L. Gaw, Saunak Sen, Sabrina Crispo Smith, Julie Frankenfield, June-Soo Park, Susan J. Fisher and Tracey J. Woodruff

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:61

    Content type: Research

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  39. Preterm birth (PTB, < 37 completed weeks’ gestation) is one of the global public health concerns. Epidemiologic evidence on the potential impact of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) on PTB is still limited and ...

    Authors: Xiaona Huo, Lin Zhang, Rong Huang, Liping Feng, Weiye Wang and Jun Zhang

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:60

    Content type: Research

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  40. Vibrio growth in the environment is related to sea surface temperature (SST). The incidence of human Vibrio illness increased sharply in British Columbia (BC) between 2008 and 2015 for unknown reasons, culminatin...

    Authors: Eleni Galanis, Michael Otterstatter and Marsha Taylor

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:58

    Content type: Research

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  41. Brominated flame retardants (BFRs) are lipophilic substances with endocrine-disrupting properties. To date, only few investigations, mainly retrospective case-control studies, have explored the link between in...

    Authors: Francesca Romana Mancini, German Cano-Sancho, Oceane Mohamed, Iris Cervenka, Hanane Omichessan, Philippe Marchand, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Patrick Arveux, Gianluca Severi, Jean-Philippe Antignac and Marina Kvaskoff

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:54

    Content type: Research

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  42. Little is known about the effect of drought on all-cause mortality, especially in higher income countries such as the United States. As the frequency and severity of droughts are likely to increase, understand...

    Authors: Katie M. Lynch, Robert H. Lyles, Lance A. Waller, Azar M. Abadi, Jesse E. Bell and Matthew O. Gribble

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:52

    Content type: Research

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  43. Atmospheric particulate matter (PM) has been associated with endothelial dysfunction, an early marker of cardiovascular risk. Our aim was to extend this research to a genetically homogenous, geographically sta...

    Authors: Shabnam Salimi, Jeff D. Yanosky, Dina Huang, Jessica Montressor-Lopez, Robert Vogel, Robert M. Reed, Braxton D. Mitchell and Robin C. Puett

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:50

    Content type: Research

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  44. The shape of the exposure-response curve describing the effects of air pollution on population health has crucial regulatory implications, and it is important in assessing causal impacts of hypothetical polici...

    Authors: Laura Forastiere, Michele Carugno and Michela Baccini

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:46

    Content type: Methodology

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  45. Subfertile women have higher risk of glucose intolerance during pregnancy. Studies suggest associations between several endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and pregnancy glucose levels. However, the associat...

    Authors: Zifan Wang, Lidia Mínguez-Alarcón, Paige L. Williams, Andrea Bellavia, Jennifer B. Ford, Myra Keller, John C. Petrozza, Antonia M. Calafat, Russ Hauser and Tamarra James-Todd

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:45

    Content type: Research

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  46. Few epidemiological investigations have focused on the influence of environmental temperature on human sperm quality. Here, we evaluated the potential association between ambient temperature and human sperm qu...

    Authors: Xiaochen Wang, Xiaojia Tian, Bo Ye, Yi Zhang, Xiaotong Zhang, Shichun Huang, Cunlu Li, Simin Wu, Rui Li, Yuliang Zou, Jingling Liao, Jing Yang and Lu Ma

    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:44

    Content type: Research

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