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Environmental Epidemiology

Population studies of adverse health effects from exposures to environmental hazards

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  1. Content type: Research

    Residents of Massachusetts and Rhode Island were exposed to tetrachloroethylene (PCE)-contaminated drinking water from 1968 through the early 1990s when the solvent was used to apply a vinyl liner to drinking ...

    Authors: Ann Aschengrau, Lisa G. Gallagher, Michael Winter, Lindsey J. Butler, M. Patricia Fabian and Veronica M. Vieira

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:58

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  2. Content type: Research

    It has previously been reported that the environmental contaminants perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are linked to atherosclerosis in cross-sectional studies. Since cross-sectional studies could be subject to...

    Authors: P. Monica Lind, Samira Salihovic, Jordan Stubleski, Anna Kärrman and Lars Lind

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:59

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  3. Content type: Research

    Research regarding the interaction of ambient air pollution and overweight on prehypertension is scarce. We aimed to test whether overweight modifies the association between long-term exposure to ambient air p...

    Authors: Bo-Yi Yang, Zhengmin Min Qian, Michael G. Vaughn, Steven W. Howard, John Phillip Pemberton, Huimin Ma, Duo-Hong Chen, Li-Wen Hu, Xiao-Wen Zeng, Chuan Zhang, Yan-Peng Tian, Min Nian, Xiang Xiao and Guang-Hui Dong

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:57

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  4. Content type: Research

    Flight attendants are an understudied occupational group, despite undergoing a wide range of adverse job-related exposures, including to known carcinogens. In our study, we aimed to characterize the prevalence...

    Authors: Eileen McNeely, Irina Mordukhovich, Steven Staffa, Samuel Tideman, Sara Gale and Brent Coull

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:49

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  5. Content type: Research

    Preterm birth is a significant public health concern and exposure to phthalates has been shown to be associated with an increased odds of preterm birth. Even modest reductions in gestational age at delivery co...

    Authors: Jonathan Boss, Jingyi Zhai, Max T. Aung, Kelly K. Ferguson, Lauren E. Johns, Thomas F. McElrath, John D. Meeker and Bhramar Mukherjee

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:56

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  6. Content type: Research

    Subfertile women are at increased risk of glucose intolerance in pregnancy. Based on epidemiologic studies, exposure to certain phthalates is associated with diabetes, elevated glucose, and increased insulin r...

    Authors: Tamarra M. James-Todd, Yu-Han Chiu, Carmen Messerlian, Lidia Mínguez-Alarcón, Jennifer B. Ford, Myra Keller, John Petrozza, Paige L. Williams, Xiaoyun Ye, Antonia M. Calafat and Russ Hauser

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:55

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  7. Content type: Research

    Many studies have reported an increased mortality risk from heat waves comparing with non-heat wave days. However, how much the mortality rate change with the heat intensity―vulnerability curve―is still unknow...

    Authors: Lingyan Zhang, Zhao Zhang, Tao Ye, Maigeng Zhou, Chenzhi Wang, Peng Yin and Bin Hou

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:54

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  8. Content type: Research

    Some studies have linked long-term exposure to traffic related air pollutants (TRAP) with adverse cardiovascular health outcomes; however, previous studies have not linked highly variable concentrations of TRA...

    Authors: Stacey E. Alexeeff, Ananya Roy, Jun Shan, Xi Liu, Kyle Messier, Joshua S. Apte, Christopher Portier, Stephen Sidney and Stephen K. Van Den Eeden

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:38

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  9. Content type: Research

    Recent epidemiological studies have suggested that air pollution could be associated with suicide. However, other studies have criticized these results for being analytically weak and not taking into account p...

    Authors: Julián Alfredo Fernández-Niño, Claudia Iveth Astudillo-García, Laura Andrea Rodríguez-Villamizar and Víctor Alfonso Florez-Garcia

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:47

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  10. Content type: Research

    Both cigarette smoking and long-term exposure to crystalline silica dust were reported to be associated with increased mortality. However, the combined effect of both factors has not been well evaluated.

    Authors: Hanpeng Lai, Yuewei Liu, Min Zhou, Tingming Shi, Yun Zhou, Shaofan Weng and Weihong Chen

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:46

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  11. Content type: Research

    Few studies have explored the relationship between air pollution and fertility. We used a natural experiment in California when coal and oil power plants retired to estimate associations with nearby fertility ...

    Authors: Joan A. Casey, Alison Gemmill, Deborah Karasek, Elizabeth L. Ogburn, Dana E. Goin and Rachel Morello-Frosch

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:44

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  12. Content type: Research

    Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) was the predominant leukemia in a recent study of Chornobyl cleanup workers from Ukraine exposed to radiation (UR-CLL). Radiation risks of CLL significantly increased with in...

    Authors: Juhi Ojha, Iryna Dyagil, Stuart C. Finch, Robert F. Reiss, Adam J. de Smith, Semira Gonseth, Mi Zhou, Helen M. Hansen, Amy L. Sherborne, Jean Nakamura, Paige M. Bracci, Nataliya Gudzenko, Maureen Hatch, Nataliya Babkina, Mark P. Little, Vadim V. Chumak…

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:43

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  13. Content type: Research

    Lack of research on the effects of gaseous pollutants (nitrogen oxides [NOx], sulfur dioxide [SO2], carbon monoxide [CO] and ozone [O3]) in the ambient environment on health outcomes from within low and middle in...

    Authors: Katherine Newell, Christiana Kartsonaki, Kin Bong Hubert Lam and Om Kurmi

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:41

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  14. Content type: Commentary

    Geospatial artificial intelligence (geoAI) is an emerging scientific discipline that combines innovations in spatial science, artificial intelligence methods in machine learning (e.g., deep learning), data min...

    Authors: Trang VoPham, Jaime E. Hart, Francine Laden and Yao-Yi Chiang

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:40

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  15. Content type: Research

    Neighborhood environment, such as green vegetation, has been shown to play a role in coping with stress and mental ill health. Yet, epidemiological evidence of the association between greenness and mental heal...

    Authors: Vivian C. Pun, Justin Manjourides and Helen H. Suh

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:39

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  16. Content type: Research

    Outdoor pollen grain and fungal spore concentrations have been associated with severe asthma exacerbations at the population level. The specific impact of each taxon and the concomitant effect of air pollution...

    Authors: Ariane Guilbert, Bianca Cox, Nicolas Bruffaerts, Lucie Hoebeke, Ann Packeu, Marijke Hendrickx, Koen De Cremer, Sandrine Bladt, Olivier Brasseur and An Van Nieuwenhuyse

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:35

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  17. Content type: Research

    Few longitudinal studies have examined the association between ultrafine particulate matter (UFP, particles < 0.1 μm aerodynamic diameter) exposure and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. We used data f...

    Authors: Laura Corlin, Mark Woodin, Jaime E. Hart, Matthew C. Simon, David M. Gute, Joanna Stowell, Katherine L. Tucker, John L. Durant and Doug Brugge

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:33

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  18. Content type: Research

    Asphalt workers are exposed to polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from hot mix asphalt via both inhalation and dermal absorption. The use of crumb rubber modified (CRM) asphalt may result in higher exposure to P...

    Authors: Yiyi Xu, Christian H. Lindh, Bo A. G. Jönsson, Karin Broberg and Maria Albin

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:29

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  19. Content type: Research

    Findings from a recent prospective cohort study in California suggested increased risk of breast cancer associated with higher exposure to certain carcinogenic and estrogen-disrupting hazardous air pollutants ...

    Authors: Jaime E. Hart, Kimberly A. Bertrand, Natalie DuPre, Peter James, Verónica M. Vieira, Trang VoPham, Maggie R. Mittleman, Rulla M. Tamimi and Francine Laden

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:28

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