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Environmental Epidemiology

Population studies of adverse health effects from exposures to environmental hazards

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  1. Content type: Research

    Workers involved in the response and clean-up of the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill faced possible exposures to crude oil, burning oil, dispersants and other pollutants in addition to physical and emotional str...

    Authors: Jean Strelitz, Lawrence S. Engel, Richard K. Kwok, Aubrey K. Miller, Aaron Blair and Dale P. Sandler

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:69

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  2. Content type: Research

    Increasing evidence suggests that welding fume exposure is associated with systemic inflammation. Although celluar metabolites may be associated with inflammation, there is limited information on metabolomic c...

    Authors: Sipeng Shen, Ruyang Zhang, Jinming Zhang, Yongyue Wei, Yichen Guo, Li Su, Feng Chen and David C. Christiani

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:68

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  3. Content type: Methodology

    Estimating the health effects of multi-pollutant mixtures is of increasing interest in environmental epidemiology. Recently, a new approach for estimating the health effects of mixtures, Bayesian kernel machin...

    Authors: Jennifer F. Bobb, Birgit Claus Henn, Linda Valeri and Brent A. Coull

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:67

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  4. Content type: Research

    Residents of Massachusetts and Rhode Island were exposed to tetrachloroethylene (PCE)-contaminated drinking water from 1968 through the early 1990s when the solvent was used to apply a vinyl liner to drinking ...

    Authors: Ann Aschengrau, Lisa G. Gallagher, Michael Winter, Lindsey J. Butler, M. Patricia Fabian and Veronica M. Vieira

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:58

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  5. Content type: Research

    It has previously been reported that the environmental contaminants perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are linked to atherosclerosis in cross-sectional studies. Since cross-sectional studies could be subject to...

    Authors: P. Monica Lind, Samira Salihovic, Jordan Stubleski, Anna Kärrman and Lars Lind

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:59

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  6. Content type: Research

    Research regarding the interaction of ambient air pollution and overweight on prehypertension is scarce. We aimed to test whether overweight modifies the association between long-term exposure to ambient air p...

    Authors: Bo-Yi Yang, Zhengmin Min Qian, Michael G. Vaughn, Steven W. Howard, John Phillip Pemberton, Huimin Ma, Duo-Hong Chen, Li-Wen Hu, Xiao-Wen Zeng, Chuan Zhang, Yan-Peng Tian, Min Nian, Xiang Xiao and Guang-Hui Dong

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:57

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  7. Content type: Research

    Flight attendants are an understudied occupational group, despite undergoing a wide range of adverse job-related exposures, including to known carcinogens. In our study, we aimed to characterize the prevalence...

    Authors: Eileen McNeely, Irina Mordukhovich, Steven Staffa, Samuel Tideman, Sara Gale and Brent Coull

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:49

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  8. Content type: Research

    Preterm birth is a significant public health concern and exposure to phthalates has been shown to be associated with an increased odds of preterm birth. Even modest reductions in gestational age at delivery co...

    Authors: Jonathan Boss, Jingyi Zhai, Max T. Aung, Kelly K. Ferguson, Lauren E. Johns, Thomas F. McElrath, John D. Meeker and Bhramar Mukherjee

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:56

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  9. Content type: Research

    Subfertile women are at increased risk of glucose intolerance in pregnancy. Based on epidemiologic studies, exposure to certain phthalates is associated with diabetes, elevated glucose, and increased insulin r...

    Authors: Tamarra M. James-Todd, Yu-Han Chiu, Carmen Messerlian, Lidia Mínguez-Alarcón, Jennifer B. Ford, Myra Keller, John Petrozza, Paige L. Williams, Xiaoyun Ye, Antonia M. Calafat and Russ Hauser

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:55

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  10. Content type: Research

    Many studies have reported an increased mortality risk from heat waves comparing with non-heat wave days. However, how much the mortality rate change with the heat intensity―vulnerability curve―is still unknow...

    Authors: Lingyan Zhang, Zhao Zhang, Tao Ye, Maigeng Zhou, Chenzhi Wang, Peng Yin and Bin Hou

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:54

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  11. Content type: Research

    Some studies have linked long-term exposure to traffic related air pollutants (TRAP) with adverse cardiovascular health outcomes; however, previous studies have not linked highly variable concentrations of TRA...

    Authors: Stacey E. Alexeeff, Ananya Roy, Jun Shan, Xi Liu, Kyle Messier, Joshua S. Apte, Christopher Portier, Stephen Sidney and Stephen K. Van Den Eeden

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:38

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  12. Content type: Research

    Recent epidemiological studies have suggested that air pollution could be associated with suicide. However, other studies have criticized these results for being analytically weak and not taking into account p...

    Authors: Julián Alfredo Fernández-Niño, Claudia Iveth Astudillo-García, Laura Andrea Rodríguez-Villamizar and Víctor Alfonso Florez-Garcia

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:47

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  13. Content type: Research

    Both cigarette smoking and long-term exposure to crystalline silica dust were reported to be associated with increased mortality. However, the combined effect of both factors has not been well evaluated.

    Authors: Hanpeng Lai, Yuewei Liu, Min Zhou, Tingming Shi, Yun Zhou, Shaofan Weng and Weihong Chen

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:46

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  14. Content type: Research

    Few studies have explored the relationship between air pollution and fertility. We used a natural experiment in California when coal and oil power plants retired to estimate associations with nearby fertility ...

    Authors: Joan A. Casey, Alison Gemmill, Deborah Karasek, Elizabeth L. Ogburn, Dana E. Goin and Rachel Morello-Frosch

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:44

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  15. Content type: Research

    Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) was the predominant leukemia in a recent study of Chornobyl cleanup workers from Ukraine exposed to radiation (UR-CLL). Radiation risks of CLL significantly increased with in...

    Authors: Juhi Ojha, Iryna Dyagil, Stuart C. Finch, Robert F. Reiss, Adam J. de Smith, Semira Gonseth, Mi Zhou, Helen M. Hansen, Amy L. Sherborne, Jean Nakamura, Paige M. Bracci, Nataliya Gudzenko, Maureen Hatch, Nataliya Babkina, Mark P. Little, Vadim V. Chumak…

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:43

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  16. Content type: Research

    Lack of research on the effects of gaseous pollutants (nitrogen oxides [NOx], sulfur dioxide [SO2], carbon monoxide [CO] and ozone [O3]) in the ambient environment on health outcomes from within low and middle in...

    Authors: Katherine Newell, Christiana Kartsonaki, Kin Bong Hubert Lam and Om Kurmi

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:41

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  17. Content type: Commentary

    Geospatial artificial intelligence (geoAI) is an emerging scientific discipline that combines innovations in spatial science, artificial intelligence methods in machine learning (e.g., deep learning), data min...

    Authors: Trang VoPham, Jaime E. Hart, Francine Laden and Yao-Yi Chiang

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:40

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  18. Content type: Research

    Neighborhood environment, such as green vegetation, has been shown to play a role in coping with stress and mental ill health. Yet, epidemiological evidence of the association between greenness and mental heal...

    Authors: Vivian C. Pun, Justin Manjourides and Helen H. Suh

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:39

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  19. Content type: Research

    Outdoor pollen grain and fungal spore concentrations have been associated with severe asthma exacerbations at the population level. The specific impact of each taxon and the concomitant effect of air pollution...

    Authors: Ariane Guilbert, Bianca Cox, Nicolas Bruffaerts, Lucie Hoebeke, Ann Packeu, Marijke Hendrickx, Koen De Cremer, Sandrine Bladt, Olivier Brasseur and An Van Nieuwenhuyse

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:35

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  20. Content type: Research

    Few longitudinal studies have examined the association between ultrafine particulate matter (UFP, particles < 0.1 μm aerodynamic diameter) exposure and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. We used data f...

    Authors: Laura Corlin, Mark Woodin, Jaime E. Hart, Matthew C. Simon, David M. Gute, Joanna Stowell, Katherine L. Tucker, John L. Durant and Doug Brugge

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:33

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  21. Content type: Research

    Asphalt workers are exposed to polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from hot mix asphalt via both inhalation and dermal absorption. The use of crumb rubber modified (CRM) asphalt may result in higher exposure to P...

    Authors: Yiyi Xu, Christian H. Lindh, Bo A. G. Jönsson, Karin Broberg and Maria Albin

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:29

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  22. Content type: Research

    Findings from a recent prospective cohort study in California suggested increased risk of breast cancer associated with higher exposure to certain carcinogenic and estrogen-disrupting hazardous air pollutants ...

    Authors: Jaime E. Hart, Kimberly A. Bertrand, Natalie DuPre, Peter James, Verónica M. Vieira, Trang VoPham, Maggie R. Mittleman, Rulla M. Tamimi and Francine Laden

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:28

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  23. Content type: Research

    Bisphenol-A (BPA) is a ubiquitous chemical and recognized endocrine disruptor associated with obesity and related disorders. We explored the association between BPA levels and suspected non-alcoholic fatty liv...

    Authors: Sofia G. Verstraete, Janet M. Wojcicki, Emily R. Perito and Philip Rosenthal

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:12

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  24. Content type: Research

    Air pollution is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Experimental studies, and a few epidemiological studies, suggest that air pollution may cause acute exacerbation of psychiatric ...

    Authors: Anna Oudin, Daniel Oudin Åström, Peter Asplund, Steinn Steingrimsson, Zoltan Szabo and Hanne Krage Carlsen

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:4

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  25. Content type: Review

    We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate potential associations between firefighting and police occupations, and prostate cancer incidence and mortality.

    Authors: Jeavana Sritharan, Manisha Pahwa, Paul A. Demers, Shelley A. Harris, Donald C. Cole and Marie-Elise Parent

    Citation: Environmental Health 2017 16:124

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  26. Content type: Research

    Pregnant women are exposed to a mixture of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs). Gestational EDC exposures may be associated with changes in fetal growth that elevates the risk for poor health later in life, ...

    Authors: Meghan M. Woods, Bruce P. Lanphear, Joseph M. Braun and Lawrence C. McCandless

    Citation: Environmental Health 2017 16:115

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  27. Content type: Research

    Road traffic noise has been associated with adverse health effects including sleep disturbances. Use of sleep medication as an indicator of sleeping problems has rarely been explored in studies of the effects ...

    Authors: Jorunn Evandt, Bente Oftedal, Norun Hjertager Krog, Svetlana Skurtveit, Per Nafstad, Per E. Schwarze, Eva Skovlund, Danny Houthuijs and Gunn Marit Aasvang

    Citation: Environmental Health 2017 16:110

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  28. Content type: Research

    Influenza peaks during the wintertime in temperate regions and during the annual rainy season in tropical regions – however reasons for the observed differences in disease ecology are poorly understood. We hyp...

    Authors: Genee S. Smith, Kyle P. Messier, James L. Crooks, Timothy J. Wade, Cynthia J. Lin and Elizabeth D. Hilborn

    Citation: Environmental Health 2017 16:108

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  29. Content type: Review

    Waste is part of the agenda of the European Environment and Health Process and included among the topics of the Sixth Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health. Disposal and management of hazardous wast...

    Authors: L. Fazzo, F. Minichilli, M. Santoro, A. Ceccarini, M. Della Seta, F. Bianchi, P. Comba and M. Martuzzi

    Citation: Environmental Health 2017 16:107

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  30. Content type: Research

    Socioeconomically disadvantaged populations often have higher exposures to particulate air pollution, which can be expected to contribute to differentials in life expectancy. We examined socioeconomic differen...

    Authors: Ai Milojevic, Claire L. Niedzwiedz, Jamie Pearce, James Milner, Ian A. MacKenzie, Ruth M. Doherty and Paul Wilkinson

    Citation: Environmental Health 2017 16:104

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  31. Content type: Research

    Fecal indicator bacteria used to assess illness risks in recreational waters (e.g., Escherichia coli, Enterococci) cannot discriminate among pollution sources. To address this limitation, human-associated Bactero...

    Authors: Melanie D. Napier, Richard Haugland, Charles Poole, Alfred P. Dufour, Jill R. Stewart, David J. Weber, Manju Varma, Jennifer S. Lavender and Timothy J. Wade

    Citation: Environmental Health 2017 16:103

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  32. Content type: Methodology

    There is growing concern of health effects of exposure to pollutant mixtures. We initially proposed an Environmental Risk Score (ERS) as a summary measure to examine the risk of exposure to multi-pollutants in...

    Authors: Sung Kyun Park, Zhangchen Zhao and Bhramar Mukherjee

    Citation: Environmental Health 2017 16:102

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  33. Content type: Research

    Lung cancer, as the leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide, has been linked to environmental factors, such as air pollution. Residential exposure to petrochemicals is considered a possible cause of lung c...

    Authors: Cheng-Kuan Lin, Huei-Yang Hung, David C. Christiani, Francesco Forastiere and Ro-Ting Lin

    Citation: Environmental Health 2017 16:101

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Environmental Health 2017 16:122

  34. Content type: Research

    Organochlorine insecticides (OCs) have historically been used worldwide to control insects, although most have now been banned in developed countries. Evidence for an association between OC exposures and cance...

    Authors: Lydia M. Louis, Catherine C. Lerro, Melissa C. Friesen, Gabriella Andreotti, Stella Koutros, Dale P. Sandler, Aaron Blair, Mark G. Robson and Laura E. Beane Freeman

    Citation: Environmental Health 2017 16:95

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  35. Content type: Research

    Vibrio parahaemolyticus (Vp) is a naturally occurring bacterium found in marine environments worldwide. It can cause gastrointestinal illness in humans, primarily through raw oyster co...

    Authors: Stephanie Konrad, Peggy Paduraru, Pablo Romero-Barrios, Sarah B. Henderson and Eleni Galanis

    Citation: Environmental Health 2017 16:92

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  36. Content type: Research

    China has undergone rapid urbanization in the past three decades. We aimed to report blood lead level (B-Pb) in the most rapidly urbanized Yangtze River Delta Region of China, and explore the association B-Pb ...

    Authors: Hualing Zhai, Chi Chen, Ningjian Wang, Yi Chen, Xiaomin Nie, Bing Han, Qin Li, Fangzhen Xia and Yingli Lu

    Citation: Environmental Health 2017 16:93

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  37. Content type: Research

    Epidemiologic studies have raised the possibility that some pesticide compounds induce the neurodegenerative disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), though the available evidence is not entirely consistent.

    Authors: Marco Vinceti, Tommaso Filippini, Federica Violi, Kenneth J. Rothman, Sofia Costanzini, Carlotta Malagoli, Lauren A. Wise, Anna Odone, Carlo Signorelli, Laura Iacuzio, Elisa Arcolin, Jessica Mandrioli, Nicola Fini, Francesco Patti, Salvatore Lo Fermo, Vladimiro Pietrini…

    Citation: Environmental Health 2017 16:91

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  38. Content type: Research

    Brain tumor etiology is poorly understood. Based on their ability to pass through the blood–brain barrier, it has been hypothesized that exposure to metals may increase the risk of brain cancer. Results from t...

    Authors: Marie-Elise Parent, Michelle C. Turner, Jérôme Lavoué, Hugues Richard, Jordi Figuerola, Laurel Kincl, Lesley Richardson, Geza Benke, Maria Blettner, Sarah Fleming, Martine Hours, Daniel Krewski, David McLean, Siegal Sadetzki, Klaus Schlaefer, Brigitte Schlehofer…

    Citation: Environmental Health 2017 16:90

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  39. Content type: Research

    Due to their lack of repair capacity mitochondria are critical targets for environmental toxicants. We studied genes and pathways reflecting mitochondrial responses to short- and medium-term PM10 exposure.

    Authors: Ellen Winckelmans, Tim S Nawrot, Maria Tsamou, Elly Den Hond, Willy Baeyens, Jos Kleinjans, Wouter Lefebvre, Nicolas Van Larebeke, Martien Peusens, Michelle Plusquin, Hans Reynders, Greet Schoeters, Charlotte Vanpoucke, Theo M de Kok and Karen Vrijens

    Citation: Environmental Health 2017 16:87

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  40. Content type: Research

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most commonly occurring type of primary liver cancer, has been increasing in incidence worldwide. Vitamin D, acquired from sunlight exposure, diet, and dietary supplements, ...

    Authors: Trang VoPham, Kimberly A. Bertrand, Jian-Min Yuan, Rulla M. Tamimi, Jaime E. Hart and Francine Laden

    Citation: Environmental Health 2017 16:89

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  41. Content type: Research

    To examine the relationship between cadmium, lead, and mercury concentrations with high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and homocysteine in women.

    Authors: Anna Z. Pollack, Sunni L. Mumford, Lindsey Sjaarda, Neil J. Perkins, Farah Malik, Jean Wactawski-Wende and Enrique F. Schisterman

    Citation: Environmental Health 2017 16:84

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