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Environmental Epidemiology

Population studies of adverse health effects from exposures to environmental hazards

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  1. Evidence concerning the impact of long-term exposure to fine Particulate Matter ≤2.5 μm (PM2.5) on Cardio-Vascular Diseases (CVDs) for those people subject to ambient air pollution in developing countries remains...

    Authors: Soheila Jalali, Mojgan Karbakhsh, Mehdi Momeni, Marzieh Taheri, Saeid Amini, Marjan Mansourian and Nizal Sarrafzadegan
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:112
  2. Testicular germ cell tumours (TGCT) are the most frequent cancers in young men in developed countries and their incidence rate has doubled worldwide over the past 40 years. Early life exposures to pesticides a...

    Authors: Aurélie M. N. Danjou, Olivia Pérol, Astrid Coste, Elodie Faure, Rémi Béranger, Helen Boyle, Elodie Belladame, Lény Grassot, Matthieu Dubuis, Johan Spinosi, Liacine Bouaoun, Aude Fléchon, Louis Bujan, Véronique Drouineaud, Florence Eustache, Isabelle Berthaut…
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:111
  3. The differential effects of PM2.5 fractions on children’s lung function remain inconclusive. This study aimed to examine whether lung function in asthmatic children was associated with increased PM2.5 fractions i...

    Authors: Yoonhee Kim, Eun Ha Park, Chris Fook Sheng Ng, Yeonseung Chung, Kunio Hashimoto, Kasumi Tashiro, Hideki Hasunuma, Masataka Doi, Kei Tamura, Hiroyuki Moriuchi, Yuji Nishiwaki, Hwajin Kim, Seung-Muk Yi, Ho Kim and Masahiro Hashizume
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:110
  4. To conduct a systematic review to evaluate the association between residential or occupational short- and long–term exposure to odour pollution from industrial sources and the health status of the exposed popu...

    Authors: Victor Guadalupe-Fernandez, Manuela De Sario, Simona Vecchi, Lisa Bauleo, Paola Michelozzi, Marina Davoli and Carla Ancona
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:108
  5. Infections with nontyphoidal Salmonella cause an estimated 19,336 hospitalizations each year in the United States. Sources of infection can vary by state and include animal and plant-based foods, as well as envir...

    Authors: Michele E. Morgado, Chengsheng Jiang, Jordan Zambrana, Crystal Romeo Upperman, Clifford Mitchell, Michelle Boyle, Amy R. Sapkota and Amir Sapkota
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:105
  6. Neighborhood exposure to asbestos increases the risk of developing malignant mesothelioma (MM) in residents who live near asbestos mines and asbestos product plants. The area of Casale Monferrato (Northwest It...

    Authors: C. Airoldi, C. Magnani, F. Lazzarato, D. Mirabelli, S. Tunesi and D. Ferrante
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:103
  7. Much of the current evidence of associations between long-term PM2.5 and health outcomes relies on national or regional analyses using exposures derived directly from regulatory monitoring data. These findings co...

    Authors: Sun-Young Kim, Arden C. Pope III, Julian D. Marshall, Neal Fann and Lianne Sheppard
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:102
  8. The outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) began in Wuhan, China in December 2019 and was declared a global pandemic on 11 March 2020. This study aimed to assess the effects of temperature and long-term ex...

    Authors: Anastase Tchicaya, Nathalie Lorentz, Hichem Omrani, Gaetan de Lanchy and Kristell Leduc
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:101
  9. Urban air pollution is involved in the progress of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Its potential role on the devastating event of Acute Exacerbation of IPF (AE-IPF) needs to be clarified. This study exami...

    Authors: Ioannis Tomos, Konstantina Dimakopoulou, Effrosyni D. Manali, Spyros A. Papiris and Anna Karakatsani
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:99
  10. Acrylamide (AA) is a toxicant to humans, but the association between AA exposure and the risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) remains unclear. In this study, our objective is to examine the cross-...

    Authors: Zhening Liu, Jinghua Wang, Shenghui Chen, Chengfu Xu and Yu Zhang
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:98
  11. Environmental chemical exposures can affect telomere length, which in turn has been associated with adverse health outcomes including cancer. Firefighters are occupationally exposed to many hazardous chemicals...

    Authors: Cassidy Clarity, Jessica Trowbridge, Roy Gerona, Katherine Ona, Michael McMaster, Vincent Bessonneau, Ruthann Rudel, Heather Buren and Rachel Morello-Frosch
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:97
  12. Most epidemiological studies estimate associations without considering exposure measurement error. While some studies have estimated the impact of error in single-exposure models we aimed to quantify the effec...

    Authors: Dimitris Evangelopoulos, Klea Katsouyanni, Joel Schwartz and Heather Walton
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:94
  13. Air pollution health studies have been increasingly using prediction models for exposure assessment even in areas without monitoring stations. To date, most studies have assumed that a single exposure model is...

    Authors: Mike Z. He, Vivian Do, Siliang Liu, Patrick L. Kinney, Arlene M. Fiore, Xiaomeng Jin, Nicholas DeFelice, Jianzhao Bi, Yang Liu, Tabassum Z. Insaf and Marianthi-Anna Kioumourtzoglou
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:93
  14. Critical knowledge of what we know about health and disease, risk factors, causation, prevention, and treatment, derives from epidemiology. Unfortunately, its methods and language can be misused and improperly...

    Authors: Colin L. Soskolne, Shira Kramer, Juan Pablo Ramos-Bonilla, Daniele Mandrioli, Jennifer Sass, Michael Gochfeld, Carl F. Cranor, Shailesh Advani and Lisa A. Bero
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:90
  15. Bisphenol A (BPA) is an endocrine disruptor that it is present in numerous products of daily use. The aim of this study was to assess the potential association of serum BPA concentrations and the risk of incid...

    Authors: Elena Salamanca-Fernández, Miguel Rodríguez-Barranco, Pilar Amiano, Josu Delfrade, Maria Dolores Chirlaque, Sandra Colorado, Marcela Guevara, Ana Jimenez, Juan Pedro Arrebola, Fernando Vela, Nicolás Olea, Antonio Agudo and Maria-José Sánchez
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:88
  16. Prenatal endocrine disrupting chemical (EDC) exposure has been associated with increased risk of preterm birth. Non-Hispanic Black women have higher incidence of preterm birth compared to other racial/ethnic g...

    Authors: Emma V. Preston, Victoria Fruh, Marlee R. Quinn, Michele R. Hacker, Blair J. Wylie, Karen O’Brien, Shruthi Mahalingaiah and Tamarra James-Todd
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:86
  17. While year-round exposure to pollen is linked to a large burden of allergic diseases, location-specific risk information on pollen types and allergy outcomes are limited. We characterize the relationship betwe...

    Authors: Shubhayu Saha, Ambarish Vaidyanathan, Fiona Lo, Claudia Brown and Jeremy J. Hess
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:85
  18. Epidemiological studies and research on laboratory animals link radiofrequency radiation (RFR) with impacts on the heart, brain, and other organs. Data from the large-scale animal studies conducted by the U.S....

    Authors: Uloma Igara Uche and Olga V. Naidenko
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:84
  19. The occurrence of cyanobacterial blooms in freshwater presents a threat to human health. However, epidemiological studies on the association between cyanobacterial blooms in drinking water sources and human he...

    Authors: Jianyong Wu, Elizabeth D. Hilborn, Blake A. Schaeffer, Erin Urquhart, Megan M. Coffer, Cynthia J. Lin and Andrey I. Egorov
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:83
  20. Everyday people are exposed to multiple environmental factors, such as surrounding green, air pollution and traffic noise. These exposures are generally spatially correlated. Hence, when estimating association...

    Authors: Jochem O. Klompmaker, Nicole A. H. Janssen, Lizan D. Bloemsma, Marten Marra, Erik Lebret, Ulrike Gehring and Gerard Hoek
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:82
  21. Many phenols and parabens are applied in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and food, to prevent growth of bacteria and fungi. Whether these chemicals affect inflammatory diseases like allergies and overweight is larg...

    Authors: Hilde Kristin Vindenes, Cecilie Svanes, Stein Håkon Låstad Lygre, Francisco Gomez Real, Tamar Ringel-Kulka and Randi Jacobsen Bertelsen
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:81
  22. Exposure to ionizing radiation has been associated with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. In light of recent work showing an association between ambient particulate matter (PM) gross β-activity and gesta...

    Authors: Veronica A. Wang, Tamarra James-Todd, Michele R. Hacker, Karen E. O’Brien, Blair J. Wylie, Russ Hauser, Paige L. Williams, Andrea Bellavia, Marlee Quinn, Thomas F. McElrath and Stefania Papatheodorou
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:70
  23. Preterm birth (PTB, birth before 37 weeks of gestation) has been associated with adverse health outcomes across the lifespan. Evidence on the association between PTB and prenatal exposure to air pollutants is ...

    Authors: Kipruto Kirwa, Zlatan Feric, Justin Manjourides, Akram Alshawabekeh, Carmen Milagros Velez Vega, José F. Cordero, John D. Meeker and Helen H. Suh
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:69
  24. While fetal growth is a tightly regulated process, it is sensitive to environmental exposures that occur during pregnancy. Many commonly used consumer products contain chemicals that can disturb processes unde...

    Authors: P. A. Bommarito, B. M. Welch, A. P. Keil, G. P. Baker, D. E. Cantonwine, T. F. McElrath and K. K. Ferguson
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:68
  25. Prenatal exposure to heavy metals is implicated in the etiology of birth defects. We investigated whether concentrations of cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) in umbilical cord tissue are associated with risk for neur...

    Authors: Mengyuan Liu, Jinhui Yu, Zaiming Su, Ying Sun, Yaqiong Liu, Qing Xie, Zhiwen Li, Linlin Wang, Jie Zhang, Lei Jin and Aiguo Ren
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:66

    The Correction to this article has been published in Environmental Health 2021 20:80

  26. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and other dementias currently represent the fifth most common cause of death in the world, according to the World Health Organization, with a projected future increase as the proportio...

    Authors: Hedi Katre Kriit, Bertil Forsberg, Daniel Oudin Åström and Anna Oudin
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:65
  27. Cadmium is an endocrine disrupting chemical that affects the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. Though evidence suggests its potential role in altering androgen synthesis and metabolic pathways that are char...

    Authors: Keewan Kim, Anna Z. Pollack, Carrie J. Nobles, Lindsey A. Sjaarda, Jessica R. Zolton, Jeannie G. Radoc, Enrique F. Schisterman and Sunni L. Mumford
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:64
  28. Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) have been found to be associated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) development, a maternal health disorder in pregnancy with negative effects that can extend b...

    Authors: Rahel L. Birru, Hai-Wei Liang, Fouzia Farooq, Megha Bedi, Maisa Feghali, Catherine L. Haggerty, Dara D. Mendez, Janet M. Catov, Carla A. Ng and Jennifer J. Adibi
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:63
  29. Researchers have yet to investigate the specific association between 10-μm particulate matter (PM10) levels and the risk of graft failure, kidney disease, or the functional decline of transplanted kidneys, in ...

    Authors: Yong Chul Kim, Ejin Kim, Jiyun Jung, Jae Yoon Park, Hajeong Lee, Dong Ki Kim, Yon Su Kim, Chun Soo Lim, Jung Pyo Lee and Ho Kim
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:61
  30. Noise pollution is increasingly recognised as a public health hazard, yet limited evidence is available from low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), particularly for specific sources. Here, we investigated th...

    Authors: Aina Roca-Barceló, Adelaide Nardocci, Breno Souza de Aguiar, Adeylson G. Ribeiro, Marcelo Antunes Failla, Anna L. Hansell, Maria Regina Cardoso and Frédéric B. Piel
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:59
  31. Ambient temperature observations from single monitoring stations (usually located at the major international airport serving a city) are routinely used to estimate heat exposures in epidemiologic studies. This...

    Authors: Nikita Thomas, Stefanie T. Ebelt, Andrew J. Newman, Noah Scovronick, Rohan R. D’Souza, Shannon E. Moss, Joshua L. Warren, Matthew J. Strickland, Lyndsey A. Darrow and Howard H. Chang
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:55
  32. Although the associations of outdoor air pollution exposure with mortality and hospital admissions are well established, few previous studies have reported on primary care clinical and prescribing data. We ass...

    Authors: Mark Ashworth, Antonis Analitis, David Whitney, Evangelia Samoli, Sofia Zafeiratou, Richard Atkinson, Konstantina Dimakopoulou, Sean Beavers, Joel Schwartz and Klea Katsouyanni
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:54
  33. Fine particulate matter (PM2.5), ozone (O3), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) are major air pollutants that pose considerable threats to human health. However, what has been mostly missing in air pollution epidemiology...

    Authors: Yaguang Wei, Mahdieh Danesh Yazdi, Qian Di, Weeberb J. Requia, Francesca Dominici, Antonella Zanobetti and Joel Schwartz
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:53
  34. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) recently classified glyphosate, the most used herbicide worldwide, as a probable human carcinogen. We inquired into the association between occupational e...

    Authors: Federico Meloni, Giannina Satta, Marina Padoan, Andrea Montagna, Ilaria Pilia, Alessandra Argiolas, Sara Piro, Corrado Magnani, Angela Gambelunghe, Giacomo Muzi, Giovanni Maria Ferri, Luigi Vimercati, Roberta Zanotti, Aldo Scarpa, Mariagrazia Zucca, Sara De Matteis…
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:49
  35. The effect of heatwaves on adverse birth outcomes is not well understood and may vary by how heatwaves are defined. The study aims to examine acute associations between various heatwave definitions and preterm...

    Authors: Mengjiao Huang, Matthew J. Strickland, Megan Richards, Heather A. Holmes, Andrew J. Newman, Joshua V. Garn, Yan Liu, Joshua L. Warren, Howard H. Chang and Lyndsey A. Darrow
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:47
  36. Migraine–an episodic disorder characterized by severe headache that can lead to disability–affects over 1 billion people worldwide. Prior studies have found that short-term exposure to fine particulate matter (PM

    Authors: Holly Elser, Rachel Morello-Frosch, Alice Jacobson, Alice Pressman, Marianthi-Anna Kioumourtzoglou, Richard Reimer and Joan A. Casey
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:45

    The Correction to this article has been published in Environmental Health 2021 20:57

  37. Chronic exposure to air pollutants is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among adults. However, little is known about how air pollution may affect the development of subclinical ath...

    Authors: Shohreh F. Farzan, Rima Habre, Phoebe Danza, Frederick Lurmann, W. James Gauderman, Edward Avol, Theresa Bastain, Howard N. Hodis and Carrie Breton
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:44
  38. Between 1962 and 1971, the US Air Force sprayed Agent Orange across Vietnam, exposing many soldiers to this dioxin-containing herbicide. Several negative health outcomes have been linked to Agent Orange exposu...

    Authors: Matthew R. Rytel, Rondi Butler, Melissa Eliot, Joseph M. Braun, E. Andres Houseman and Karl T. Kelsey
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:43
  39. Aspartame is one of the world’s most widely used artificial sweeteners and is an ingredient in more than 5000 food products globally. A particularly important use is in low-calorie beverages consumed by childr...

    Authors: Philip J. Landrigan and Kurt Straif
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:42
  40. Out-of-hospital-cardiac arrest (OHCA) is frequently linked to environmental exposures. Climate change and global warming phenomenon have been found related to cardiovascular morbidity, however there is no agre...

    Authors: Hannan Kranc, Victor Novack, Alexandra Shtein, Rimma Sherman and Lena Novack
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:38
  41. The general population is exposed to Radio-Frequency Electromagnetic Fields (RF-EMFs) used by telecommunication networks. Previous studies developed methods to assess this exposure. These methods will be inade...

    Authors: Maarten Velghe, Sam Aerts, Luc Martens, Wout Joseph and Arno Thielens
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:36
  42. Up to now, 3 epidemiological studies have shown clear inverse associations between prenatal acrylamide exposure and birth size. In addition to studying the association between acrylamide and birth size, we inv...

    Authors: Janneke Hogervorst, Hubert W. Vesper, Narjes Madhloum, Wilfried Gyselaers and Tim Nawrot
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:35
  43. Both physical and psychological health outcomes have been associated with exposure to environmental noise. Noise sensitivity could have the same moderating effect on physical and psychological health outcomes ...

    Authors: Stephen Stansfeld, Charlotte Clark, Melanie Smuk, John Gallacher and Wolfgang Babisch
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:32
  44. Although the frequency and magnitude of climate change-related health hazards (CCRHHs) are likely to increase, the population vulnerabilities and corresponding health impacts are dependent on a community’s exp...

    Authors: Jessica Yu, Kaitlin Castellani, Krista Forysinski, Paul Gustafson, James Lu, Emily Peterson, Martino Tran, Angela Yao, Jingxuan Zhao and Michael Brauer
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:31
  45. The adverse effects of particulate air pollution on heart rate variability (HRV) have been reported. However, it remains unclear whether they differ by the weight status as well as between wake and sleep.

    Authors: Luyi Li, Dayu Hu, Wenlou Zhang, Liyan Cui, Xu Jia, Di Yang, Shan Liu, Furong Deng, Junxiu Liu and Xinbiao Guo
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:29
  46. Pesticides play an important role in protecting the food supply and the public’s health from pests and diseases. By their nature, pesticides can be toxic to unintended target organisms. Changing winds contribu...

    Authors: Edward J. Kasner, Joanne B. Prado, Michael G. Yost and Richard A. Fenske
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:26
  47. The SIRT1 gene was associated with the lifespan in several organisms through inflammatory and oxidative stress pathways. Long-term air particulate matter (PM) is detrimental to health through the same pathways.

    Authors: Yao Yao, Linxin Liu, Guang Guo, Yi Zeng and John S. Ji
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:25