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Environmental Epidemiology

Population studies of adverse health effects from exposures to environmental hazards

Page 3 of 8

  1. Between 1962 and 1971, the US Air Force sprayed Agent Orange across Vietnam, exposing many soldiers to this dioxin-containing herbicide. Several negative health outcomes have been linked to Agent Orange exposu...

    Authors: Matthew R. Rytel, Rondi Butler, Melissa Eliot, Joseph M. Braun, E. Andres Houseman and Karl T. Kelsey
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:43
  2. Aspartame is one of the world’s most widely used artificial sweeteners and is an ingredient in more than 5000 food products globally. A particularly important use is in low-calorie beverages consumed by childr...

    Authors: Philip J. Landrigan and Kurt Straif
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:42
  3. Out-of-hospital-cardiac arrest (OHCA) is frequently linked to environmental exposures. Climate change and global warming phenomenon have been found related to cardiovascular morbidity, however there is no agre...

    Authors: Hannan Kranc, Victor Novack, Alexandra Shtein, Rimma Sherman and Lena Novack
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:38
  4. The general population is exposed to Radio-Frequency Electromagnetic Fields (RF-EMFs) used by telecommunication networks. Previous studies developed methods to assess this exposure. These methods will be inade...

    Authors: Maarten Velghe, Sam Aerts, Luc Martens, Wout Joseph and Arno Thielens
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:36
  5. Up to now, 3 epidemiological studies have shown clear inverse associations between prenatal acrylamide exposure and birth size. In addition to studying the association between acrylamide and birth size, we inv...

    Authors: Janneke Hogervorst, Hubert W. Vesper, Narjes Madhloum, Wilfried Gyselaers and Tim Nawrot
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:35
  6. Both physical and psychological health outcomes have been associated with exposure to environmental noise. Noise sensitivity could have the same moderating effect on physical and psychological health outcomes ...

    Authors: Stephen Stansfeld, Charlotte Clark, Melanie Smuk, John Gallacher and Wolfgang Babisch
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:32
  7. Although the frequency and magnitude of climate change-related health hazards (CCRHHs) are likely to increase, the population vulnerabilities and corresponding health impacts are dependent on a community’s exp...

    Authors: Jessica Yu, Kaitlin Castellani, Krista Forysinski, Paul Gustafson, James Lu, Emily Peterson, Martino Tran, Angela Yao, Jingxuan Zhao and Michael Brauer
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:31
  8. The adverse effects of particulate air pollution on heart rate variability (HRV) have been reported. However, it remains unclear whether they differ by the weight status as well as between wake and sleep.

    Authors: Luyi Li, Dayu Hu, Wenlou Zhang, Liyan Cui, Xu Jia, Di Yang, Shan Liu, Furong Deng, Junxiu Liu and Xinbiao Guo
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:29
  9. Pesticides play an important role in protecting the food supply and the public’s health from pests and diseases. By their nature, pesticides can be toxic to unintended target organisms. Changing winds contribu...

    Authors: Edward J. Kasner, Joanne B. Prado, Michael G. Yost and Richard A. Fenske
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:26
  10. The SIRT1 gene was associated with the lifespan in several organisms through inflammatory and oxidative stress pathways. Long-term air particulate matter (PM) is detrimental to health through the same pathways.

    Authors: Yao Yao, Linxin Liu, Guang Guo, Yi Zeng and John S. Ji
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:25
  11. Bisphenol A (BPA) is a non-persistent chemical with endocrine disrupting abilities used in a variety of consumer products. Fetal exposure to BPA is of concern due to the elevated sensitivity, which particularl...

    Authors: Julie Bang Hansen, Niels Bilenberg, Clara Amalie Gade Timmermann, Richard Christian Jensen, Hanne Frederiksen, Anna-Maria Andersson, Henriette Boye Kyhl and Tina Kold Jensen
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:24
  12. Phosri et al., commented on our previous study about the influence of climate variables at the beginning of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in Spain. They showed the impact of the association of gross domestic product...

    Authors: Pedro Muñoz Cacho, José L. Hernández, Marcos López-Hoyos and Víctor M. Martínez-Taboada
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:18

    The original article was published in Environmental Health 2021 20:17

  13. A report published in this journal showed an inversely significant association between ultraviolet radiation (UVR) before the pandemic and cumulative COVID-19 cases in Spain. The analyses employed several mete...

    Authors: Arthit Phosri, Yang Cao, Mariko Harada Sassa and Kouji H. Harada
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:17

    The original article was published in Environmental Health 2020 19:106

    The Letter to the Editor Response to this article has been published in Environmental Health 2021 20:18

  14. In August 2017, Hurricane Harvey caused unprecedented flooding across the greater Houston area. Given the potential for widespread flood-related exposures, including mold and sewage, and the emotional and ment...

    Authors: Abiodun O. Oluyomi, Kristen Panthagani, Jesus Sotelo, Xiangjun Gu, Georgina Armstrong, Dan Na Luo, Kristi L. Hoffman, Diana Rohlman, Lane Tidwell, Winifred J. Hamilton, Elaine Symanski, Kimberly Anderson, Joseph F. Petrosino, Cheryl Lyn Walker and Melissa Bondy
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:9
  15. The aim of our study was to describe seasonal trends of acute kidney injury (AKI) and its relationship with weather conditions in a hospitalized population.

    Authors: Gianmarco Lombardi, Giovanni Gambaro, Nicoletta Pertica, Alessandro Naticchia, Matteo Bargagli and Pietro Manuel Ferraro
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:8
  16. Air pollution is a major issue that poses a health threat worldwide. Although several studies investigated the adverse effects of air pollution on various diseases, few have directly demonstrated the effects o...

    Authors: Jeong Yee, Young Ah Cho, Hee Jeong Yoo, Hyunseo Yun and Hye Sun Gwak
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:6
  17. Evidence suggests that exposure to particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 10 μm (PM10) is associated with reduced birth weight, but information is limited on the sources of PM10 and exposure miscl...

    Authors: Yingxin Chen, Susan Hodgson, John Gulliver, Raquel Granell, A. John Henderson, Yutong Cai and Anna L. Hansell
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:4
  18. Long-term exposures to air pollution has been reported to be associated with inflammation and oxidative stress. However, the underlying metabolic mechanisms remain poorly understood.

    Authors: Feiby L. Nassan, Rachel S. Kelly, Anna Kosheleva, Petros Koutrakis, Pantel S. Vokonas, Jessica A. Lasky-Su and Joel D. Schwartz
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:3
  19. Prior studies have investigated the association of PM2.5 exposure with arterial stiffness measured by ankle-brachial index (ABI) and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), of which conclusions are inconsiste...

    Authors: Dianqin Sun, Yue Liu, Jie Zhang, Jia Liu, Zhiyuan Wu, Mengyang Liu, Xia Li, Xiuhua Guo and Lixin Tao
    Citation: Environmental Health 2021 20:2
  20. Preconception exposure to air pollution has been associated with glucose tolerance during pregnancy. However, the evidence in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) is under debate yet. Therefore, this study ...

    Authors: Moslem Lari Najafi, Mehdi Zarei, Ali Gohari, Leyla Haghighi, Hafez Heydari and Mohammad Miri
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:131
  21. Exposure to heat, air pollution, and pollen are associated with health outcomes, including cardiovascular and respiratory disease. Studies assessing the health impacts of climate change have considered increas...

    Authors: Susan C. Anenberg, Shannon Haines, Elizabeth Wang, Nicholas Nassikas and Patrick L. Kinney
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:130
  22. Further knowledge on modifiable aging risk factors is required to mitigate the increasing burden of age-related diseases in a rapidly growing global demographic of elderly individuals. We explored the effect o...

    Authors: Sofia Pavanello, Manuela Campisi, Giuseppe Mastrangelo, Mirjam Hoxha and Valentina Bollati
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:128
  23. In 1968, the Yusho incident resulted in accidental exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and related compounds in Japan. This study updated the risk of mortality ...

    Authors: Daisuke Onozuka, Yuko Nakamura, Gaku Tsuji and Masutaka Furue
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:119
  24. The immune system, as a homeostatic system, is an excellent marker of health and has also been proposed as an indicator of the rate of aging. The base of the age-related changes in the immune system, “immunose...

    Authors: E. Díaz-Del Cerro, C. Vida, I. Martínez de Toda, J. Félix and M. De la Fuente
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:118
  25. Understanding context specific heat-health risks in urban areas is important, especially given anticipated severe increases in summer temperatures due to climate change effects. We investigate social inequalit...

    Authors: Marta Ellena, Joan Ballester, Paola Mercogliano, Elisa Ferracin, Giuliana Barbato, Giuseppe Costa and Vijendra Ingole
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:116
  26. Over the past four decades, drought episodes in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) of the of the World Health Organization (WHO) have gradually become more widespread, prolonged and frequent. We aimed to m...

    Authors: Saverio Bellizzi, Chris Lane, Mohamed Elhakim and Pierre Nabeth
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:114
  27. While many studies reported the association between long-term exposure to particulate matter air pollution (PM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD), few studies focused on incidence with relatively high-dose expo...

    Authors: Ok-Jin Kim, Soo Hyun Lee, Si-Hyuck Kang and Sun-Young Kim
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:113
  28. Exposure to particulate matter air pollution has been associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality; however, most studies have focused on fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure and CVD. ...

    Authors: Emilie Davis, Brian Malig, Rachel Broadwin, Keita Ebisu, Rupa Basu, Ellen B. Gold, Lihong Qi, Carol A. Derby, Sung Kyun Park and Xiangmei (May) Wu
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:111
  29. Evidence is limited on excess risks of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) associated with ambient air pollution in diabetic populations. Survival analyses without considering the spatial structure and possible spa...

    Authors: Pei-Fang Su, Fei-Ci Sie, Chun-Ting Yang, Yu-Lin Mau, Shihchen Kuo and Huang-Tz Ou
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:110
  30. Exposure to perfluorinated-alkyl-acids (PFAAs) is ubiquitous. PFAAs are hormone-disrupting compounds that are strongly suspected to affect mother-child-health such as fetal growth. Thyroid disruption is a plau...

    Authors: Sophie A. H. Boesen, Manhai Long, Maria Wielsøe, Vicente Mustieles, Mariana F. Fernandez and Eva C. Bonefeld-Jørgensen
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:107
  31. Environmental factors play a central role in seasonal epidemics. SARS-CoV-2 infection in Spain has shown a heterogeneous geographical pattern This study aimed to assess the influence of several climatic factor...

    Authors: Pedro Muñoz Cacho, José L. Hernández, Marcos López-Hoyos and Víctor M. Martínez-Taboada
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:106

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Environmental Health 2021 20:17

  32. Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) may cause diabetes, in part through aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) binding. Ensuing mitochondrial dysfunction is postulated to mediate this effect. We aim to investigate t...

    Authors: Bruce B. Duncan, Cristina D. Castilhos, Paula A. Bracco, Maria I. Schmidt, Sora Kang, Suyeol Im, Hong-Kyu Lee, Álvaro Vigo and Youngmi K. Pak
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:105
  33. Residents in a large area of North-Eastern Italy were exposed to perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) via drinking water. Studies on the association between PFAS and blood pressure levels are limited, and results ...

    Authors: Gisella Pitter, Maryam Zare Jeddi, Giulia Barbieri, Massimo Gion, Aline S. C. Fabricio, Francesca Daprà, Francesca Russo, Tony Fletcher and Cristina Canova
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:102
  34. Association between fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) is inconsistent and appears to change in each trimester. We aim to investigate the association of exposure to ambi...

    Authors: Xiujuan Su, Yan Zhao, Yingying Yang and Jing Hua
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:101
  35. Many studies of adults with occupational exposure to solvents such as tetrachloroethylene (PCE) have shown adverse effects on cognition, mood and behavioral problems. Much less is known about neurotoxic effect...

    Authors: Ann Aschengrau, Alexandra Grippo, Michael R. Winter, Margaret G. Shea, Roberta F. White and Richard Saitz
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:99
  36. Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are used in consumer products for their water repellent and flame retardant properties, respectively. However, there is widespread pr...

    Authors: Stephanie M. Eick, Elizabeth K. Hom Thepaksorn, Monika A. Izano, Lara J. Cushing, Yunzhu Wang, Sabrina Crispo Smith, Songmei Gao, June-Soo Park, Amy M. Padula, Erin DeMicco, Linda Valeri, Tracey J. Woodruff and Rachel Morello-Frosch
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:100
  37. Several studies have investigated the associations between ambient temperature and years of life lost (YLLs), but few focused on the difference of life loss attributable to temperature among different socioeco...

    Authors: Siqi Chen, Yize Xiao, Maigeng Zhou, Chunliang Zhou, Min Yu, Biao Huang, Yanjun Xu, Tao Liu, Jianxiong Hu, Xiaojun Xu, Lifeng Lin, Ruying Hu, Zhulin Hou, Junhua Li, Donghui Jin, Mingfang Qin…
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:98
  38. Organophosphate esters (OPEs)—used as flame retardants and plasticizers—are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes such as reduced fecundity and live births and increased preterm delivery. OPEs may interfe...

    Authors: Kathryn A. Crawford, Nicola Hawley, Antonia M. Calafat, Nayana K. Jayatilaka, Rosemary J. Froehlich, Phinnara Has, Lisa G. Gallagher, David A. Savitz, Joseph M. Braun, Erika F. Werner and Megan E. Romano
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:97
  39. Statistical methods to study the joint effects of environmental factors are of great importance to understand the impact of correlated exposures that may act synergistically or antagonistically on health outco...

    Authors: Yuyan Wang, Yinxiang Wu, Melanie H. Jacobson, Myeonggyun Lee, Peng Jin, Leonardo Trasande and Mengling Liu
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:96
  40. Health risks due to particulate matter (PM) from wildfires may differ from risk due to PM from other sources. In places frequently subjected to wildfire smoke, such as Reno, Nevada, it is critical to determine...

    Authors: Daniel Kiser, William J. Metcalf, Gai Elhanan, Brendan Schnieder, Karen Schlauch, Andrew Joros, Craig Petersen and Joseph Grzymski
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:92
  41. Various maternal conditions, especially in utero conditions and prenatal exposure to environments with air pollution and greenness, have been reviewed to address the enhancement and prevention of susceptibilit...

    Authors: Kyung Ju Lee, Hyemi Moon, Hyo Ri Yun, Eun Lyeong Park, Ae Ran Park, Hijeong Choi, Kwan Hong and Juneyoung Lee
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:91
  42. Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) in early life, including pneumonia, bronchitis and bronchiolitis, can lead to decreased lung function, persistent lung damage and increased susceptibility to various r...

    Authors: Sharon Goshen, Lena Novack, Offer Erez, Maayan Yitshak-Sade, Itai Kloog, Alexandra Shtein and Eilon Shany
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:90
  43. Evidence on the association between exposure to perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) and blood glucose concentrations in pregnant women is inconsistent. This study aimed to examine the associa...

    Authors: Yanfeng Ren, Longmei Jin, Fen Yang, Hong Liang, Zhaofeng Zhang, Jing Du, Xiuxia Song, Maohua Miao and Wei Yuan
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:88
  44. Studies of associations between industrial air emissions and rheumatic diseases, or diseases-related serological biomarkers, are few. Moreover, previous evaluations typically studied individual (not mixed) emi...

    Authors: Naizhuo Zhao, Audrey Smargiassi, Marianne Hatzopoulou, Ines Colmegna, Marie Hudson, Marvin J. Fritzler, Philip Awadalla and Sasha Bernatsky
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:86
  45. Previous biomonitoring studies have shown that people in the rural population of Coquimbo, the major agricultural area in northern Chile are being occupationally and environmentally exposed to organophosphate/...

    Authors: Muriel Ramírez-Santana, Liliana Zúñiga-Venegas, Sebastián Corral, Nel Roeleveld, Hans Groenewoud, Koos Van der Velden, Paul T. J. Scheepers and Floria Pancetti
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:84
  46. Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is a pervasive urban pollutant originating primarily from vehicle emissions. Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is associated with a considerable public health burden worldwide, but whether NO2 e...

    Authors: David M. Stieb, Carine Zheng, Dina Salama, Rania Berjawi, Monica Emode, Robyn Hocking, Ninon Lyrette, Carlyn Matz, Eric Lavigne and Hwashin H. Shin
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:47

    The Correction to this article has been published in Environmental Health 2020 19:85

  47. Parabens are a group of esters of para-hydroxybenzoic acid utilized as antimicrobial preservatives in many personal care products. Epidemiological studies regarding the adverse effects of parabens on fetuses a...

    Authors: Karen Vrijens, Ilse Van Overmeire, Koen De Cremer, Kristof Y. Neven, Riccardo M. Carollo, Christiane Vleminckx, Joris Van Loco and Tim S. Nawrot
    Citation: Environmental Health 2020 19:83