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Global Environment

Health effects of global environmental hazards

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  1. Prenatal inorganic arsenic (iAs) exposure is associated with pregnancy outcomes. Maternal capabilities of arsenic biotransformation and elimination may influence the susceptibility of arsenic toxicity. Therefo...

    Authors: Shangzhi Gao, Pi-I Lin, Golam Mostofa, Quazi Quamruzzaman, Mahmudur Rahman, Mohammad Lutfar Rahman, Li Su, Yu-mei Hsueh, Marc Weisskopf, Brent Coull and David Chistopher Christiani

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:94

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. The sciences, and especially the research subspecialties of occupational and environmental health, are being misused. The misuse serves to interfere with the advancement of policies that depend on rational evi...

    Authors: Xaver Baur, Colin L. Soskolne and Lisa A. Bero

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:93

    Content type: Commentary

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  3. Hypersensitivity to electromagnetic fields (EMF) is a controversial condition. While individuals with idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (IEI-EMF) claim to experience hea...

    Authors: Kristina Schmiedchen, Sarah Driessen and Gunnhild Oftedal

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:88

    Content type: Review

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  4. Nitrate is converted to nitrite in the human body and subsequently can react with amines and amides in the gastrointestinal tract to form N-nitroso compounds (NOCs), which are known to be carcinogenic in animals....

    Authors: Simone G. van Breda, Karen Mathijs, Virág Sági-Kiss, Gunter G. Kuhnle, Ben van der Veer, Rena R. Jones, Rashmi Sinha, Mary H. Ward and Theo M. de Kok

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:87

    Content type: Research

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  5. Most of the global burden of pollution-related morbidity and mortality is believed to occur in resource-limited settings, where HIV serostatus and sex may influence the relationship between air pollution expos...

    Authors: Crystal M. North, Piers MacNaughton, Peggy S. Lai, Jose Vallarino, Samson Okello, Bernard Kakuhikire, Alexander C. Tsai, Marcia C. Castro, Mark J. Siedner, Joseph G. Allen and David C. Christiani

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:73

    Content type: Research

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  6. Children in India are exposed to high levels of ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5). However, population-level evidence of associations with adverse health outcomes from within the country is limited. The aim...

    Authors: Dean Spears, Sagnik Dey, Sourangsu Chowdhury, Noah Scovronick, Sangita Vyas and Joshua Apte

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:62

    Content type: Research

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  7. The link between use of solid biomass fuel (wood, charcoal, coal, dung, and crop residues) for cooking and/or heating and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is inconclusive.

    Authors: Samson Okello, Suzan Joan Akello, Emmanuel Dwomoh, Emmanuel Byaruhanga, Christopher Kenneth Opio, Ruyang Zhang, Kathleen E. Corey, Winnie R. Muyindike, Ponsiano Ocama and David D. Christiani

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:60

    Content type: Research

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  8. Estimation of population attributable fraction (PAF) requires unbiased relative risk (RR) by using either Levin’s or Miettinen’s formula, on which decision depends on the available exposure information in refe...

    Authors: Cheng-Kuan Lin and Szu-Ta Chen

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:52

    Content type: Letter to the Editor Response

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Environmental Health 2019 18:54

  9. Air pollution has a significant health impact. Most data originate from temperate regions. We aim to study the health impact of air pollution, particularly among the elderly, in a tropical region.

    Authors: Jonathan Yap, Yixiang Ng, Khung Keong Yeo, Anders Sahlén, Carolyn Su Ping Lam, Vernon Lee and Stefan Ma

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:34

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  10. Glyphosate-based herbicides (GBHs) are broad-spectrum herbicides that act on the shikimate pathway in bacteria, fungi, and plants. The possible effects of GBHs on human health are the subject of an intense pub...

    Authors: Fabiana Manservisi, Corina Lesseur, Simona Panzacchi, Daniele Mandrioli, Laura Falcioni, Luciano Bua, Marco Manservigi, Marcella Spinaci, Giovanna Galeati, Alberto Mantovani, Stefano Lorenzetti, Rossella Miglio, Anderson Martino Andrade, David Møbjerg Kristensen, Melissa J. Perry, Shanna H. Swan…

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:15

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  11. Exposure to ambient particulate matter generated from coal-fired power plants induces long-term health consequences. However, epidemiologic studies have not yet focused on attributing these health burdens spec...

    Authors: Cheng-Kuan Lin, Ro-Ting Lin, Tom Chen, Corwin Zigler, Yaguang Wei and David C. Christiani

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:9

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Environmental Health 2019 18:54

  12. Low-income and minority communities often face disproportionately high pollutant exposures. The lead crisis in Flint, Michigan, has sparked concern about broader socioeconomic disparities in exposures to drink...

    Authors: Laurel A. Schaider, Lucien Swetschinski, Christopher Campbell and Ruthann A. Rudel

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:3

    Content type: Research

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  13. Neonicotinoids are a class of systemic insecticides widely used on food crops globally. These pesticides may be found in “off-target” food items and persist in the environment. Despite the potential for extens...

    Authors: Hillary A. Craddock, Dina Huang, Paul C. Turner, Lesliam Quirós-Alcalá and Devon C. Payne-Sturges

    Citation: Environmental Health 2019 18:7

    Content type: Research

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  14. The conventional concept of radiation protection is based on epidemiological studies of radiation that support a positive correlation between dose and response. However, there is a remarkable difference in bio...

    Authors: Hisanori Fukunaga and Kevin M. Prise

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:93

    Content type: Hypothesis

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  15. Fast fashion, inexpensive and widely available of-the-moment garments, has changed the way people buy and dispose of clothing. By selling large quantities of clothing at cheap prices, fast fashion has emerged ...

    Authors: Rachel Bick, Erika Halsey and Christine C. Ekenga

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:92

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  16. Exposure to air pollution impairs aspects of pulmonary and autonomic function and causes pulmonary inflammation. However, how exercising in air pollution affects these indices is poorly understood. Therefore, ...

    Authors: Luisa V. Giles, Christopher Carlsten and Michael S. Koehle

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:87

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  17. Exposure to low levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in ordinary life is suspected to be related to oxidative stress and decreased lung function. This study evaluated whether exposure to ambient VOCs in...

    Authors: Jae-Woo Kwon, Hee-Won Park, Woo Jin Kim, Man-Goo Kim and Seung-Joon Lee

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:65

    Content type: Research

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  18. Glyphosate-based herbicides (GBHs) are the most widely used pesticides worldwide, and glyphosate is the active ingredient of such herbicides, including the formulation known as Roundup. The massive and increas...

    Authors: Simona Panzacchi, Daniele Mandrioli, Fabiana Manservisi, Luciano Bua, Laura Falcioni, Marcella Spinaci, Giovanna Galeati, Giovanni Dinelli, Rossella Miglio, Alberto Mantovani, Stefano Lorenzetti, Jianzhong Hu, Jia Chen, Melissa J. Perry, Philip J. Landrigan and Fiorella Belpoggi

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:52

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  19. Glyphosate-based herbicides (GBHs) are broad-spectrum herbicides that act on the shikimate pathway in bacteria, fungi, and plants. The possible effects of GBHs on human health are the subject of an intense pub...

    Authors: Qixing Mao, Fabiana Manservisi, Simona Panzacchi, Daniele Mandrioli, Ilaria Menghetti, Andrea Vornoli, Luciano Bua, Laura Falcioni, Corina Lesseur, Jia Chen, Fiorella Belpoggi and Jianzhong Hu

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:50

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. Extreme heat is often associated with elevated levels of human mortality, particularly across the mid-latitudes. Los Angeles, CA exhibits a unique, highly variable winter climate, with brief periods of intense...

    Authors: Adam J. Kalkstein, Laurence S. Kalkstein, Jennifer K. Vanos, David P. Eisenman and P. Grady Dixon

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:45

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  21. The regulatory management of chemicals and toxicants in the EU addresses hundreds of different chemicals and health hazards individually, one by one. An issue is that, so far, the possible interactions among c...

    Authors: Jean-Pierre Bourguignon, Anne-Simone Parent, Jos C. S. Kleinjans, Tim S. Nawrot, Greet Schoeters and Nicolas Van Larebeke

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:42

    Content type: Hypothesis

    Published on:

  22. Regarding electromagnetic fields from mobile communication technologies, empirical studies have shown that precautionary information given to lay recipients increases their risk perceptions, i.e. the belief th...

    Authors: Christoph Boehmert, Adam Verrender, Mario Pauli and Peter Wiedemann

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:36

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. Australian farmers are routinely exposed to a wide variety of agrichemicals, including herbicides and insecticides. Organophosphate (OP) insecticides are widely used for agricultural production, horticulture a...

    Authors: Jacqueline Cotton, John Edwards, Muhammad Aziz Rahman and Susan Brumby

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:31

    Content type: Research

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  24. Humans are exposed to poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) from diverse sources and this has been associated with negative health impacts. Advances in analytical methods have enabled routine detection o...

    Authors: Xindi C. Hu, Clifton Dassuncao, Xianming Zhang, Philippe Grandjean, Pál Weihe, Glenys M. Webster, Flemming Nielsen and Elsie M. Sunderland

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:11

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. Electromagnetic hypersensitivity refers to health effects attributed to electromagnetic fields (EMF) exposure and has been formally named “idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fie...

    Authors: Po-Chang Huang, Meng-Ting Cheng and How-Ran Guo

    Citation: Environmental Health 2018 17:5

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. This review summarises existing evidence on the impact of organic food on human health. It compares organic vs. conventional food production with respect to parameters important to human health and discusses t...

    Authors: Axel Mie, Helle Raun Andersen, Stefan Gunnarsson, Johannes Kahl, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Ewa Rembiałkowska, Gianluca Quaglio and Philippe Grandjean

    Citation: Environmental Health 2017 16:111

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  27. The eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull (2010) and Grímsvötn (2011), Iceland, triggered immediate, international consideration of the respiratory health hazard of inhaling volcanic ash, and prompted the need to esti...

    Authors: David E. Damby, Claire J. Horwell, Gudrun Larsen, Thorvaldur Thordarson, Maura Tomatis, Bice Fubini and Ken Donaldson

    Citation: Environmental Health 2017 16:98

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are the main toxic compounds in natural bitumen, a fossil material used by modern and ancient societies around the world. The adverse health effects of PAHs on modern hu...

    Authors: Sabrina B. Sholts, Kevin Smith, Cecilia Wallin, Trifa M. Ahmed and Sebastian K. T. S. Wärmländer

    Citation: Environmental Health 2017 16:61

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Despite poor evidence of their effectiveness, colloidal silver and silver nanoparticles are increasingly being promoted for treating potentially contaminated drinking water in low income countries. Recently, h...

    Authors: Lorna Fewtrell, Batsirai Majuru and Paul R. Hunter

    Citation: Environmental Health 2017 16:66

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    The Commentary to this article has been published in Environmental Health 2017 16:121

  30. Socioeconomic analysis is currently used in the Europe Union as part of the regulatory process in Regulation Registration, Evaluation and Authorisation of Chemicals (REACH), with the aim of assessing and manag...

    Authors: Radka Prichystalova, Jean-Baptiste Fini, Leonardo Trasande, Martine Bellanger, Barbara Demeneix and Laura Maxim

    Citation: Environmental Health 2017 16:55

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. The main causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD) globally are diabetes and hypertension but epidemics of chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology (CKDu) occur in Central America, Sri Lanka, India and beyond. ...

    Authors: Mathieu Valcke, Marie-Eve Levasseur, Agnes Soares da Silva and Catharina Wesseling

    Citation: Environmental Health 2017 16:49

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Environmental Health 2017 16:67

  32. High-voltage direct current (HVDC) lines are the technology of choice for the transport of large amounts of energy over long distances. The operation of these lines produces static electric fields (EF), but th...

    Authors: Anne-Kathrin Petri, Kristina Schmiedchen, Dominik Stunder, Dagmar Dechent, Thomas Kraus, William H. Bailey and Sarah Driessen

    Citation: Environmental Health 2017 16:41

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  33. The Germanwings Flight 9525 crash has brought the sensitive subject of airline pilot mental health to the forefront in aviation. Globally, 350 million people suffer from depression–a common mental disorder. Th...

    Authors: Alexander C. Wu, Deborah Donnelly-McLay, Marc G. Weisskopf, Eileen McNeely, Theresa S. Betancourt and Joseph G. Allen

    Citation: Environmental Health 2016 15:121

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Environmental Health 2017 16:129

  34. Previous studies stating a high prevalence of occupational acute pesticide poisoning in developing countries have mainly relied on measurements of the rather non-specific self-reported acute pesticide poisonin...

    Authors: Dea Haagensen Kofod, Erik Jørs, Anshu Varma, Shankuk Bhatta and Jane Frølund Thomsen

    Citation: Environmental Health 2016 15:122

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the National Institutes of Environmental Health Sciences we reflect on how environmental research incorporating community members as active partners has evolved, benefit...

    Authors: Maureen Lichtveld, Bernard Goldstein, Lynn Grattan and Christopher Mundorf

    Citation: Environmental Health 2016 15:117

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  36. Three major international agreements signed in 2015 are key milestones for transitioning to more sustainable and resilient societies: the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development; the Sendai Framework for Di...

    Authors: Kristie L. Ebi, Jan C. Semenza and Joacim Rocklöv

    Citation: Environmental Health 2016 15:108

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  37. Increased concern for potential health and environmental impacts of chemicals, including nanomaterials, in consumer products is driving demand for greater transparency regarding potential risks. Chemical hazar...

    Authors: Jennifer Sass, Lauren Heine and Nina Hwang

    Citation: Environmental Health 2016 15:105

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  38. Air pollution by fine aerosol particles is among the leading causes of poor health and premature mortality worldwide. The growing awareness of this issue has led several countries to implement air pollution le...

    Authors: Despina Giannadaki, Jos Lelieveld and Andrea Pozzer

    Citation: Environmental Health 2016 15:88

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. The issue of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) is receiving wide attention from both the scientific and regulatory communities. Recent analyses of the EDC literature have been criticized for failing to use...

    Authors: Laura N. Vandenberg, Marlene Ågerstrand, Anna Beronius, Claire Beausoleil, Åke Bergman, Lisa A. Bero, Carl-Gustaf Bornehag, C. Scott Boyer, Glinda S. Cooper, Ian Cotgreave, David Gee, Philippe Grandjean, Kathryn Z. Guyton, Ulla Hass, Jerrold J. Heindel, Susan Jobling…

    Citation: Environmental Health 2016 15:74

    Content type: Methodology

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  40. Inhabitants of Guadeloupe are chronically exposed to low dose of chlordecone via local food. The corresponding health impacts have not been quantified. Nevertheless the public authority implemented an exposure...

    Authors: Vincent Nedellec, Ari Rabl and William Dab

    Citation: Environmental Health 2016 15:75

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Though lead contaminated waste sites have been widely researched in many high-income countries, their prevalence and associated health outcomes have not been well documented in low- and middle-income countries.

    Authors: Jack Caravanos, Jonathan Carrelli, Russell Dowling, Brian Pavilonis, Bret Ericson and Richard Fuller

    Citation: Environmental Health 2016 15:72

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Oral colestimide was reported to lower the concentration of PCDDs, PCDFs, and PCB in the blood of humans. A pilot study showed that the arithmetic mean total TEQ concentrations of PCDDs, PCDFs, and PCBs in the...

    Authors: Takashi Todaka, Akinori Honda, Masami Imaji, Yoshiko Takao, Chikage Mitoma and Masutaka Furue

    Citation: Environmental Health 2016 15:63

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. Oil extraction may cause extensive environmental impact that can affect health of populations living in surrounding areas. Large populations are potentially exposed to oil extraction related contamination thro...

    Authors: Cristina O’Callaghan-Gordo, Martí Orta-Martínez and Manolis Kogevinas

    Citation: Environmental Health 2016 15:56

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  44. The ways in which humans affect and are affected by their environments have been studied from many different perspectives over the past decades. However, it was not until the 1970s that the discussion of the e...

    Authors: Laura Y. Cabrera, Jordan Tesluk, Michelle Chakraborti, Ralph Matthews and Judy Illes

    Citation: Environmental Health 2016 15:20

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  45. In the 1970s, there were many reports of toxic hazards at corporate subsidiaries in the developing world that were no longer tolerated in the corporations’ “home” countries. Following the chemical disaster in ...

    Authors: Barry Castleman

    Citation: Environmental Health 2016 15:8

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

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