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  1. The last two decades have seen exciting advances in understanding the human genome, aided by the development of powerful analytical laboratory tools. These advances have enabled genome-wide association studies...

    Authors: Christopher P Wild

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10(Suppl 1):S15

    Content type: Proceedings

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  2. The leading 20th century proponent for primary prevention of environmental cancer was Dr. Lorenzo Tomatis, the former Director of the International Agency for Research on Cancer and founder of the IARC Monographs...

    Authors: Ronald L Melnick and James Huff

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10(Suppl 1):S14

    Content type: Proceedings

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  3. The prevention of the infectious diseases was accomplished long before there was any understanding of the molecular biology of bacteria and viruses. As for cancer, the sharp drop in frequency of the once-commo...

    Authors: John Cairns

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10(Suppl 1):S13

    Content type: Proceedings

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  4. The transformation of a normal cell into a cancer cell takes place through a sequence of a small number of discrete genetic events, somatic mutations: thus, cancer can be regarded properly as a genetic disease...

    Authors: Lucio Luzzatto

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10(Suppl 1):S12

    Content type: Proceedings

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Environmental Health 2011 10:S16

  5. Oxidative stress enhances lipid peroxidation (LPO), which both are implicated in the promotion and progression stages of carcinogenesis, in particular under conditions of chronic inflammation and infections. E...

    Authors: Helmut Bartsch, Khelifa Arab and Jagadeesan Nair

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10(Suppl 1):S11

    Content type: Proceedings

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  6. Most workplaces in developing countries are “informal”, i.e. they are not regularly surveyed/inspected and laws for workers’ protection are not implemented. Research on occupational risks in informal workplace...

    Authors: Vilma Sousa Santana and Fatima Sueli Neto Ribeiro

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10(Suppl 1):S10

    Content type: Proceedings

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  7. Studies of occupational exposures have made major contributions to our understanding of human carcinogenesis. About one third of the factors identified as definite or probable human carcinogens were first inve...

    Authors: Aaron Blair, Loraine Marrett and Laura Beane Freeman

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10(Suppl 1):S9

    Content type: Proceedings

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  8. At least in economically developed countries, in the last decades, the incidence of childhood cancer has increased and the increase is unlikely to be an artefact. Causes of the increase have not been identifie...

    Authors: Benedetto Terracini

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10(Suppl 1):S8

    Content type: Proceedings

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  9. This paper provides a synthesis on socioeconomic inequalities in cancer incidence, mortality and survival across countries and within countries, with particular focus on the Italian context; the paper also des...

    Authors: Franco Merletti, Claudia Galassi and Teresa Spadea

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10(Suppl 1):S7

    Content type: Proceedings

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  10. The Gambia Hepatitis Intervention Study (GHIS) consisted in the progressive introduction of HBV plasma-derived vaccine in different zones of this African country during the period 1986-1990. The study was laun...

    Authors: Ruggero Montesano

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10(Suppl 1):S6

    Content type: Proceedings

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  11. I will refer in this paper to difficulties in research in environmental causes of cancer using as examples research on dioxins and on drinking water disinfection by-products (DBPs) that have created considerab...

    Authors: Manolis Kogevinas

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10(Suppl 1):S3

    Content type: Proceedings

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  12. As an introduction to the series of papers arising from the first ‘Lorenzo Tomatis Conference on Environment and Cancer’ , Tomatis’ contributions to research in cancer prevention are first noted, especially th...

    Authors: Rodolfo Saracci and Paolo Vineis

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10(Suppl 1):S1

    Content type: Introduction

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

  13. Studies have identified that environmental tobacco smoke exposure is associated with sociodemographic factors such as age, sex, and socioeconomic status, but few studies have been conducted in South Korea. In ...

    Authors: Bo-Eun Lee and Eun-Hee Ha

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:29

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  14. Previous studies have shown that fasting increases lead absorption in the gastrointestinal tract of adults. Regular meals/snacks are recommended as a nutritional intervention for lead poisoning in children, bu...

    Authors: Jianghong Liu, Linda McCauley, Charlene Compher, Chonghuai Yan, Xiaoming Shen, Herbert Needleman and Jennifer A Pinto-Martin

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:28

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  15. Novel low-cost approaches for conducting rapid health assessments and health promotion interventions among underserved worker groups are needed. Recruitment and participation of construction workers is particu...

    Authors: Alberto J Caban-Martinez, Tainya C Clarke, Evelyn P Davila, Lora E Fleming and David J Lee

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:27

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  16. Pregnant women exposed to traffic pollution have an increased risk of negative birth outcomes. We aimed to investigate the size of this risk using a prospective cohort of 970 mothers and newborns in Logan, Que...

    Authors: Adrian G Barnett, Kathryn Plonka, W Kim Seow, Lee-Ann Wilson and Craig Hansen

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:26

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  17. Sewage workers are exposed to multiple chemicals among which many are suspected genotoxicants. Therefore, they might incur DNA damage and oxidative stress. We aimed to explore integrated urinary biomarkers, as...

    Authors: Hamzeh Al Zabadi, Luc Ferrari, Irène Sari-Minodier, Marie-Aude Kerautret, Aziz Tiberguent, Christophe Paris and Denis Zmirou-Navier

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:23

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  18. Several studies have been conducted on the possible health effects for people living close to incinerators and well-conducted reviews are available. Nevertheless, several uncertainties limit the overall interp...

    Authors: Andrea Ranzi, Valeria Fano, Laura Erspamer, Paolo Lauriola, Carlo A Perucci and Francesco Forastiere

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:22

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  19. There is increasing concern regarding the potential adverse health effects of air pollution, particularly hazardous air pollutants (HAPs). However, quantifying exposure to these pollutants is problematic.

    Authors: Kristina W Whitworth, Elaine Symanski, Dejian Lai and Ann L Coker

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:21

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. Though commercial production of polychlorinated biphenyls was banned in the United States in 1977, exposure continues due to their environmental persistence. Several studies have examined the association betwe...

    Authors: Carissa M Rocheleau, Stephen J Bertke, James A Deddens, Avima M Ruder, Christina C Lawson, Martha A Waters, Nancy B Hopf, Margaret A Riggs and Elizabeth A Whelan

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:20

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  21. Studies report that residential use of pesticides in low-income homes is common because of poor housing conditions and pest infestations; however, exposure data on contemporary-use pesticides in low-income hou...

    Authors: Lesliam Quirós-Alcalá, Asa Bradman, Marcia Nishioka, Martha E Harnly, Alan Hubbard, Thomas E McKone, Jeannette Ferber and Brenda Eskenazi

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:19

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  22. Disinfection by-products in drinking water are chemical contaminants that have been associated with cancer and other adverse effects. Exposure occurs from consumption of tap water, inhalation and dermal absorp...

    Authors: Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Kenneth P Cantor, Cristina M Villanueva, Adonina Tardon, Reina Garcia-Closas, Consol Serra, Alfredo Carrato, Núria Malats, Nathaniel Rothman, Debra Silverman and Manolis Kogevinas

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:18

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. Significant numbers of people are exposed to tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene, PCE) every year, including workers in the dry cleaning industry. Adverse health effects have been associated with PCE exposu...

    Authors: James D Tucker, Karen J Sorensen, Avima M Ruder, Lauralynn Taylor McKernan, Christy L Forrester and Mary Ann Butler

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:16

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. The aim of the study was to evaluate the agreement between self-reported and operator-derived estimates of call time based on a three-month monitoring period, as well as the consistency of mobile phone use ove...

    Authors: Sirpa Heinävaara, Kari Tokola, Päivi Kurttio and Anssi Auvinen

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:14

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. Most studies having shown respiratory health effects from traffic exhaust were conducted in urban areas with a complex mixture of air pollution sources. This study has investigated the potential impact of traf...

    Authors: Marianne E Hazenkamp-von Arx, Christian Schindler, Martina S Ragettli, Nino Künzli, Charlotte Braun-Fahrländer and Lee-Jane S Liu

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:13

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. Traffic-related air pollution is a potential risk factor for human respiratory health. A Geographical Information System (GIS) approach was used to examine whether distance from a main road (the Tosco-Romagnol...

    Authors: Daniela Nuvolone, Roberto della Maggiore, Sara Maio, Roberto Fresco, Sandra Baldacci, Laura Carrozzi, Francesco Pistelli and Giovanni Viegi

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:12

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. Limited evidence suggests that being flooded may increase mortality and morbidity among affected householders not just at the time of the flood but for months afterwards. The objective of this study is to expl...

    Authors: Ai Milojevic, Ben Armstrong, Sari Kovats, Bridget Butler, Emma Hayes, Giovanni Leonardi, Virginia Murray and Paul Wilkinson

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:11

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. There is increasing evidence that exposure to moulds (fungi) may influence the development of sarcoidosis. To assess the influence of the environmental exposure, a study was undertaken to determine the exposur...

    Authors: Marjeta Terčelj, Barbara Salobir, Matevz Harlander and Ragnar Rylander

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:8

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Evidence is mounting regarding the clinically significant effect of temperature on blood pressure.

    Authors: Shia T Kent, George Howard, William L Crosson, Ronald J Prineas and Leslie A McClure

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. Animal studies have shown the reproductive toxicity of a number of heavy metals. Very few human observational studies have analyzed the relationship between male reproductive function and heavy metal concentra...

    Authors: Jaime Mendiola, José M Moreno, Manuela Roca, Nuria Vergara-Juárez, María J Martínez-García, Antonio García-Sánchez, Belén Elvira-Rendueles, Stella Moreno-Grau, José J López-Espín, Jorge Ten, Rafael Bernabeu and Alberto M Torres-Cantero

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. Environmental estrogens are exogenous estrogen-mimicking compounds that can interfere with endogenous endocrine systems. Several of these endocrine disruptors have been shown to alter normal development and in...

    Authors: Raquel Moral, Julia Santucci-Pereira, Richard Wang, Irma H Russo, Coral A Lamartiniere and Jose Russo

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:5

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. Most studies assessing health effects of neighborhood characteristics either use self-reports or objective assessments of the environment, the latter often based on Geographical Information Systems (GIS). Whil...

    Authors: Kim de Jong, Maria Albin, Erik Skärbäck, Patrik Grahn, John Wadbro, Juan Merlo and Jonas Björk

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. Sex hormones closely regulate development of the male genital organs during fetal life. The hypothesis that xenobiotics may disrupt endogenous hormonal signalling has received considerable scientific attention...

    Authors: María M Morales-Suárez-Varela, Gunnar V Toft, Morten S Jensen, Cecilia Ramlau-Hansen, Linda Kaerlev, Ane-Marie Thulstrup, Agustín Llopis-González, Jørn Olsen and Jens P Bonde

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are flame retardants used widely and in increasing amounts in the U.S. over the last few decades. PBDEs and their metabolites cross the placenta and studies in rodents de...

    Authors: Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Åke Bergman, Britta Fängström, Melissa Rose, Paula Krakowiak, Isaac Pessah, Robin Hansen and Deborah H Bennett

    Citation: Environmental Health 2011 10:1

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Geophagy or earth-eating is common amongst some Bangladeshi women, especially those who are pregnant, both in Bangladesh and in the United Kingdom. A large proportion of the population in Bangladesh is already...

    Authors: Shaban W Al-Rmalli, Richard O Jenkins, Michael J Watts and Parvez I Haris

    Citation: Environmental Health 2010 9:79

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Air pollution is associated with adverse human health, but mechanisms through which pollution exerts effects remain to be clarified. One suggested pathway is that pollution causes oxidative stress. If so, oxid...

    Authors: Cizao Ren, Pantel S Vokonas, Helen Suh, Shona Fang, David C Christiani and Joel Schwartz

    Citation: Environmental Health 2010 9:78

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. A community in northern Italy was previously reported to have an excess incidence of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis among residents exposed to high levels of inorganic selenium in their drinking water.

    Authors: Marco Vinceti, Francesca Bonvicini, Kenneth J Rothman, Luciano Vescovi and Feiyue Wang

    Citation: Environmental Health 2010 9:77

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. A growing body of epidemiologic evidence suggests an association between exposure to cleaning products with asthma and other respiratory disorders. Thus far, these studies have conducted only limited quantitat...

    Authors: Anila Bello, Margaret M Quinn, Melissa J Perry and Donald K Milton

    Citation: Environmental Health 2010 9:76

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. The increase in numbers of mobile phone users was accompanied by some concern that exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF EMF) might adversely affect acute health especially in children and adol...

    Authors: Sabine Heinrich, Silke Thomas, Christian Heumann, Rüdiger von Kries and Katja Radon

    Citation: Environmental Health 2010 9:75

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. The potential contribution of allotment gardens to a healthy and active life-style is increasingly recognized, especially for elderly populations. However, few studies have empirically examined beneficial effe...

    Authors: Agnes E van den Berg, Marijke van Winsum-Westra, Sjerp de Vries and Sonja ME van Dillen

    Citation: Environmental Health 2010 9:74

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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