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  1. Content type: Research

    Exposure to indoor air of private or public buildings contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) has raised health concerns in long-term users. This exploratory neuropsychological group study investiga...

    Authors: Martin Peper, Martin Klett and Rudolf Morgenstern

    Citation: Environmental Health 2005 4:22

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  2. Content type: Research

    Biomarkers for mercury (Hg) exposure have frequently been used to assess exposure and risk in various groups of the general population. We have evaluated the most frequently used biomarkers and the physiology ...

    Authors: Marika Berglund, Birger Lind, Karolin Ask Björnberg, Brita Palm, Östen Einarsson and Marie Vahter

    Citation: Environmental Health 2005 4:20

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  3. Content type: Methodology

    A variety of statistical methods have been suggested to assess the degree and/or the location of spatial clustering of disease cases. However, there is relatively little in the literature devoted to comparison...

    Authors: Al Ozonoff, Thomas Webster, Veronica Vieira, Janice Weinberg, David Ozonoff and Ann Aschengrau

    Citation: Environmental Health 2005 4:19

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  4. Content type: Research

    Environmental exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) may lead to elevation of serum lipids, increasing risk of atherosclerosis with thromboembolism, a recognized cause of stroke. We tested the hypoth...

    Authors: Ivan Shcherbatykh, Xiaoyu Huang, Lawrence Lessner and David O Carpenter

    Citation: Environmental Health 2005 4:18

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  5. Content type: Research

    In fall of 2004, the authors began an investigation to characterize the correlations between the storage of Household Hazardous Materials and the associated health risks, particularly to children. The study ar...

    Authors: Martin M Kaufman, Susan Smolinske and David Keswick

    Citation: Environmental Health 2005 4:16

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  6. Content type: Research

    Alteration in menstrual cycle function is suggested among rhesus monkeys and humans exposed to polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs) and structurally similar polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). The feedback system for...

    Authors: Stephanie I Davis, Heidi Michels Blanck, Vicki S Hertzberg, Paige E Tolbert, Carol Rubin, Lorraine L Cameron, Alden K Henderson and Michele Marcus

    Citation: Environmental Health 2005 4:15

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  7. Content type: Research

    Cocaine use seems to be increasing in some urban areas worldwide, but it is not straightforward to determine the real extent of this phenomenon. Trends in drug abuse are currently estimated indirectly, mainly ...

    Authors: Ettore Zuccato, Chiara Chiabrando, Sara Castiglioni, Davide Calamari, Renzo Bagnati, Silvia Schiarea and Roberto Fanelli

    Citation: Environmental Health 2005 4:14

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  8. Content type: Research

    Workers working close to salt milling plants may inhale salt particles floating in the air, leading to a rise in plasma sodium, which, in turn, may increase the blood pressure and the risk of hypertension.

    Authors: Kripa Ram Haldiya, Murli Lal Mathur, Raman Sachdev and Habibulla N Saiyed

    Citation: Environmental Health 2005 4:13

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  9. Content type: Research

    The availability of geographic information from cancer and birth defect registries has increased public demands for investigation of perceived disease clusters. Many neighborhood-level cluster investigations a...

    Authors: Verónica Vieira, Thomas Webster, Janice Weinberg, Ann Aschengrau and David Ozonoff

    Citation: Environmental Health 2005 4:11

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  10. Content type: Research

    Cr(V) species are formed during the intracellular reduction of Cr(VI), a ubiquitous environmental pollutant. In this study, the acute toxicity of a physiologically stable Cr(V) compound, [CrV-BT]2- (BT = bis(hydr...

    Authors: Maria de Lourdes Pereira, Ricardo Pires das Neves, Helena Oliveira, Teresa Margarida Santos and Júlio Pedrosa de Jesus

    Citation: Environmental Health 2005 4:9

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  11. Content type: Research

    Toxicological studies and limited human studies have demonstrated associations between exposure to polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (P...

    Authors: Russ Hauser, Paige Williams, Larisa Altshul, Susan Korrick, Lynne Peeples, Donald G Patterson Jr, Wayman E Turner, Mary M Lee, Boris Revich and Oleg Sergeyev

    Citation: Environmental Health 2005 4:8

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  12. Content type: Research

    Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), which contains potent respiratory irritants, may lead to chronic airway inflammation and obstruction. Although ETS exposure appears to cause asthma in children an...

    Authors: Mark D Eisner, John Balmes, Patricia P Katz, Laura Trupin, Edward H Yelin and Paul D Blanc

    Citation: Environmental Health 2005 4:7

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  13. Content type: Review

    On December 3 1984, more than 40 tons of methyl isocyanate gas leaked from a pesticide plant in Bhopal, India, immediately killing at least 3,800 people and causing significant morbidity and premature death fo...

    Authors: Edward Broughton

    Citation: Environmental Health 2005 4:6

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  14. Content type: Research

    Different organochlorines and lead (Pb) have been shown to have immunomodulating properties. Children are at greater risk for exposure to these environmental toxicants, but very little data exist on simultaneo...

    Authors: Wilfried Karmaus, Kevin R Brooks, Thomas Nebe, Jutta Witten, Nadia Obi-Osius and Hermann Kruse

    Citation: Environmental Health 2005 4:5

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  15. Content type: Methodology

    This paper introduces a new approach for evaluating clustering in case-control data that accounts for residential histories. Although many statistics have been proposed for assessing local, focused and global ...

    Authors: Geoffrey M Jacquez, Andy Kaufmann, Jaymie Meliker, Pierre Goovaerts, Gillian AvRuskin and Jerome Nriagu

    Citation: Environmental Health 2005 4:4

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  16. Content type: Research

    A population-based case-control study was undertaken in 1997 to investigate the association between tetrachloroethylene (PCE) exposure from public drinking water and breast cancer among permanent residents of ...

    Authors: Verónica Vieira, Ann Aschengrau and David Ozonoff

    Citation: Environmental Health 2005 4:3

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  17. Content type: Research

    There is a growing body of evidence linking health and well-being to key business issues. Despite this, corporate uptake of workplace health promotion programmes has been slow outside the USA. One possible rea...

    Authors: Peter R Mills

    Citation: Environmental Health 2005 4:1

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  18. Content type: Review

    Many professions in the fields of engineering, aviation and medicine employ this form of scheduling. However, on-call work has received significantly less research attention than other work patterns such as sh...

    Authors: Anne-Marie Nicol and Jackie S Botterill

    Citation: Environmental Health 2004 3:15

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  19. Content type: Research

    Cigarette smoking and coal burning are the primary sources of indoor air pollution in Chinese households. However, effects of these exposures on Chinese children's respiratory health are not well characterized.

    Authors: Päivi M Salo, Jiang Xia, C Anderson Johnson, Yan Li, Grace E Kissling, Edward L Avol, Chunhong Liu and Stephanie J London

    Citation: Environmental Health 2004 3:14

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  20. Content type: Research

    Children in urban public housing are at high risk for asthma, given elevated environmental and social exposures and suboptimal medical care. For a multifactorial disease like asthma, design of intervention stu...

    Authors: Jonathan I Levy, LK Welker-Hood, Jane E Clougherty, Robin E Dodson, Suzanne Steinbach and HP Hynes

    Citation: Environmental Health 2004 3:13

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  21. Content type: Review

    Many challenges emerged during completion of a study to examine radiation dose and acute leukemia among children in areas of the former Soviet Union. In an era of globalization, our experiences might benefit o...

    Authors: Martin C Mahoney, Kirsten B Moysich, Philip L McCarthy Jr, Richard C McDonald, Valery F Stepanenko, Robert W Day and Arthur M Michalek

    Citation: Environmental Health 2004 3:12

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  22. Content type: Research

    Mercury is an immunotoxic metal that induces autoimmune disease in rodents. Highly susceptible mouse strains such as SJL/N, A.SW, B10.S (H-2s) develop multiple autoimmune manifestations after exposure to inorgani...

    Authors: Ines A Silva, Jennifer F Nyland, Andrew Gorman, Andre Perisse, Ana Maria Ventura, Elizabeth CO Santos, Jose M de Souza, CL Burek, Noel R Rose and Ellen K Silbergeld

    Citation: Environmental Health 2004 3:11

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  23. Content type: Research

    Releases of hazardous materials can cause substantial morbidity and mortality. To reduce and prevent the public health consequences (victims or evacuations) from uncontrolled or illegally released hazardous su...

    Authors: Perri Z Ruckart, Wendy A Wattigney and Wendy E Kaye

    Citation: Environmental Health 2004 3:10

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  24. Content type: Research

    Inter-individual variation in normal human mammary epithelial cells in response to oxythioquinox (OTQ) is reported. Gene expression signatures resulting from chemical exposures are generally created from analy...

    Authors: Maureen R Gwinn, Diana L Whipkey and Ainsley Weston

    Citation: Environmental Health 2004 3:9

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  25. Content type: Research

    In animal studies of the effects of hormonally active agents, measurement of anogenital distance (AGD) is now routine, and serves as a bioassay of fetal androgen action. Although measurement of AGD in humans h...

    Authors: Eduardo Salazar-Martinez, Patricia Romano-Riquer, Edith Yanez-Marquez, Matthew P Longnecker and Mauricio Hernandez-Avila

    Citation: Environmental Health 2004 3:8

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  26. Content type: Research

    For individual exposures, effect modification by atopy or smoking has been reported on the occurrence of occupational airway disease. It is unclear if effect modification can be studied in a general population...

    Authors: Gea de Meer, Marjan Kerkhof, Hans Kromhout, Jan P Schouten and Dick Heederik

    Citation: Environmental Health 2004 3:6

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  27. Content type: Research

    Radioisotopes are introduced into the environment following nuclear power plant accidents or nuclear weapons tests. The immobility of these radioactive elements in uppermost soil layers represents a problem fo...

    Authors: Pietro Cazzola, Agostino Cena, Stefano Ghignone, Maria C Abete and Sergio Andruetto

    Citation: Environmental Health 2004 3:5

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  28. Content type: Research

    In a previous study it has been shown that mean population perception of air pollution correlates well with physical measures of actual air pollution and could be used as a measure of exposure to air pollution...

    Authors: Paul R Hunter, Karen Bickerstaff and Maria A Davies

    Citation: Environmental Health 2004 3:3

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  29. Content type: Commentary

    In 2000, the National Research Council (NRC), an arm of the National Academy of Sciences, released a report entitled, "Toxicological Effects of Methylmercury." The overall conclusion of that report was that, a...

    Authors: Alan H Stern, Joseph L Jacobson, Louise Ryan and Thomas A Burke

    Citation: Environmental Health 2004 3:2

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  30. Content type: Research

    Studies on maternal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) reported inconsistent findings regarding birth weight: some studies showed no effect, some reported decreased birth weight, and one study found ...

    Authors: Wilfried Karmaus and Xiaobei Zhu

    Citation: Environmental Health 2004 3:1

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  31. Content type: Research

    Bone marrow stromal cells produce cytokines required for the normal growth and development of all eight hematopoietic cell lineages. Aberrant cytokine production by stromal cells contributes to blood cell dysc...

    Authors: Brenda A Jensen, Rebecca J Leeman, Jennifer J Schlezinger and David H Sherr

    Citation: Environmental Health 2003 2:16

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  32. Content type: Research

    Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) has claimed 349 lives with 5,327 probable cases reported in mainland China since November 2002. SARS case fatality has varied across geographical areas, which might be ...

    Authors: Yan Cui, Zuo-Feng Zhang, John Froines, Jinkou Zhao, Hua Wang, Shun-Zhang Yu and Roger Detels

    Citation: Environmental Health 2003 2:15

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  33. Content type: Research

    Melanoma incidence is rising at a rate faster than any other preventable cancer in the United States. Childhood exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light increases risk for skin cancer as an adult, thus starting posi...

    Authors: Alan C Geller, Linda Rutsch, Kristin Kenausis, Paula Selzer and Zi Zhang

    Citation: Environmental Health 2003 2:13

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  34. Content type: Research

    Epidemiological documentation of endocrine disruption is complicated by imprecise exposure assessment, especially when exposures are mixed. Even if the estrogenic activity of all compounds were known, the comb...

    Authors: Thomas Høj Rasmussen, Flemming Nielsen, Helle Raun Andersen, Jesper Bo Nielsen, Pal Weihe and Philippe Grandjean

    Citation: Environmental Health 2003 2:12

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  35. Content type: Research

    South Africa is one of the major users of pesticides on the African continent. The Eastern Cape is the second largest province in South Africa. There has been growing concern about the occurrence of certain bi...

    Authors: Gudrun A Heeren, Joanne Tyler and Andrew Mandeya

    Citation: Environmental Health 2003 2:11

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  36. Content type: Research

    HMO databases offer an opportunity for community based epidemiologic studies of asthma incidence, etiology and treatment. The incidence of asthma in HMO populations and the utility of HMO data, including use o...

    Authors: Susan R Sama, Phillip R Hunt, CIH Priscilla Cirillo, Arminda Marx, Richard A Rosiello, Paul K Henneberger and Donald K Milton

    Citation: Environmental Health 2003 2:10

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  37. Content type: Research

    The neurotoxic effects of methylmercury (MeHg) have been demonstrated in both human and animal studies. Both adult and fetal brains are susceptible to the effects of MeHg toxicity. However, the specific effect...

    Authors: Edna M Yokoo, Joaquim G Valente, Lynn Grattan, Sérgio Luís Schmidt, Illeane Platt and Ellen K Silbergeld

    Citation: Environmental Health 2003 2:8

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  38. Content type: Research

    The scientific literature poses a perplexing dilemma for pregnant women with respect to the consumption of fish from natural bodies of water. On one hand, fish is a good source of protein, low in fat and a ric...

    Authors: Germaine M Buck, Grace P Tee, Edward F Fitzgerald, John E Vena, John M Weiner, Mya Swanson and Michael E Msall

    Citation: Environmental Health 2003 2:7

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  39. Content type: Research

    We studied subjective health symptoms in a population accidentally exposed to high styrene concentrations in drinking tap water. The contamination occurred during the reparation of a water tank.

    Authors: Alberto Arnedo-Pena, Juan Bellido-Blasco, Jose-Luis Villamarin-Vazquez, Jose-Luis Aranda-Mares, Nuria Font-Cardona, Fabriziomaria Gobba and Manolis Kogevinas

    Citation: Environmental Health 2003 2:6

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  40. Content type: Research

    Childhood lead poisoning has not made the list of national public health priorities in Lebanon. This study aims at identifying the prevalence and risk factors for elevated blood lead concentrations (B-Pb ≥ 100...

    Authors: Iman Nuwayhid, Mona Nabulsi, Samar Muwakkit, Sarah Kouzi, George Salem, Mohamed Mikati and Majd Ariss

    Citation: Environmental Health 2003 2:5

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