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  1. Workers working close to salt milling plants may inhale salt particles floating in the air, leading to a rise in plasma sodium, which, in turn, may increase the blood pressure and the risk of hypertension.

    Authors: Kripa Ram Haldiya, Murli Lal Mathur, Raman Sachdev and Habibulla N Saiyed

    Citation: Environmental Health 2005 4:13

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. The availability of geographic information from cancer and birth defect registries has increased public demands for investigation of perceived disease clusters. Many neighborhood-level cluster investigations a...

    Authors: Verónica Vieira, Thomas Webster, Janice Weinberg, Ann Aschengrau and David Ozonoff

    Citation: Environmental Health 2005 4:11

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  3. Cr(V) species are formed during the intracellular reduction of Cr(VI), a ubiquitous environmental pollutant. In this study, the acute toxicity of a physiologically stable Cr(V) compound, [CrV-BT]2- (BT = bis(hydr...

    Authors: Maria de Lourdes Pereira, Ricardo Pires das Neves, Helena Oliveira, Teresa Margarida Santos and Júlio Pedrosa de Jesus

    Citation: Environmental Health 2005 4:9

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  4. Toxicological studies and limited human studies have demonstrated associations between exposure to polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (P...

    Authors: Russ Hauser, Paige Williams, Larisa Altshul, Susan Korrick, Lynne Peeples, Donald G Patterson Jr, Wayman E Turner, Mary M Lee, Boris Revich and Oleg Sergeyev

    Citation: Environmental Health 2005 4:8

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  5. Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), which contains potent respiratory irritants, may lead to chronic airway inflammation and obstruction. Although ETS exposure appears to cause asthma in children an...

    Authors: Mark D Eisner, John Balmes, Patricia P Katz, Laura Trupin, Edward H Yelin and Paul D Blanc

    Citation: Environmental Health 2005 4:7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  6. On December 3 1984, more than 40 tons of methyl isocyanate gas leaked from a pesticide plant in Bhopal, India, immediately killing at least 3,800 people and causing significant morbidity and premature death fo...

    Authors: Edward Broughton

    Citation: Environmental Health 2005 4:6

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  7. Different organochlorines and lead (Pb) have been shown to have immunomodulating properties. Children are at greater risk for exposure to these environmental toxicants, but very little data exist on simultaneo...

    Authors: Wilfried Karmaus, Kevin R Brooks, Thomas Nebe, Jutta Witten, Nadia Obi-Osius and Hermann Kruse

    Citation: Environmental Health 2005 4:5

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  8. This paper introduces a new approach for evaluating clustering in case-control data that accounts for residential histories. Although many statistics have been proposed for assessing local, focused and global ...

    Authors: Geoffrey M Jacquez, Andy Kaufmann, Jaymie Meliker, Pierre Goovaerts, Gillian AvRuskin and Jerome Nriagu

    Citation: Environmental Health 2005 4:4

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  9. A population-based case-control study was undertaken in 1997 to investigate the association between tetrachloroethylene (PCE) exposure from public drinking water and breast cancer among permanent residents of ...

    Authors: Verónica Vieira, Ann Aschengrau and David Ozonoff

    Citation: Environmental Health 2005 4:3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  10. There is a growing body of evidence linking health and well-being to key business issues. Despite this, corporate uptake of workplace health promotion programmes has been slow outside the USA. One possible rea...

    Authors: Peter R Mills

    Citation: Environmental Health 2005 4:1

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  11. Many professions in the fields of engineering, aviation and medicine employ this form of scheduling. However, on-call work has received significantly less research attention than other work patterns such as sh...

    Authors: Anne-Marie Nicol and Jackie S Botterill

    Citation: Environmental Health 2004 3:15

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  12. Cigarette smoking and coal burning are the primary sources of indoor air pollution in Chinese households. However, effects of these exposures on Chinese children's respiratory health are not well characterized.

    Authors: Päivi M Salo, Jiang Xia, C Anderson Johnson, Yan Li, Grace E Kissling, Edward L Avol, Chunhong Liu and Stephanie J London

    Citation: Environmental Health 2004 3:14

    Content type: Research

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  13. Children in urban public housing are at high risk for asthma, given elevated environmental and social exposures and suboptimal medical care. For a multifactorial disease like asthma, design of intervention stu...

    Authors: Jonathan I Levy, LK Welker-Hood, Jane E Clougherty, Robin E Dodson, Suzanne Steinbach and HP Hynes

    Citation: Environmental Health 2004 3:13

    Content type: Research

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  14. Many challenges emerged during completion of a study to examine radiation dose and acute leukemia among children in areas of the former Soviet Union. In an era of globalization, our experiences might benefit o...

    Authors: Martin C Mahoney, Kirsten B Moysich, Philip L McCarthy Jr, Richard C McDonald, Valery F Stepanenko, Robert W Day and Arthur M Michalek

    Citation: Environmental Health 2004 3:12

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  15. Mercury is an immunotoxic metal that induces autoimmune disease in rodents. Highly susceptible mouse strains such as SJL/N, A.SW, B10.S (H-2s) develop multiple autoimmune manifestations after exposure to inorgani...

    Authors: Ines A Silva, Jennifer F Nyland, Andrew Gorman, Andre Perisse, Ana Maria Ventura, Elizabeth CO Santos, Jose M de Souza, CL Burek, Noel R Rose and Ellen K Silbergeld

    Citation: Environmental Health 2004 3:11

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  16. Releases of hazardous materials can cause substantial morbidity and mortality. To reduce and prevent the public health consequences (victims or evacuations) from uncontrolled or illegally released hazardous su...

    Authors: Perri Z Ruckart, Wendy A Wattigney and Wendy E Kaye

    Citation: Environmental Health 2004 3:10

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  17. Inter-individual variation in normal human mammary epithelial cells in response to oxythioquinox (OTQ) is reported. Gene expression signatures resulting from chemical exposures are generally created from analy...

    Authors: Maureen R Gwinn, Diana L Whipkey and Ainsley Weston

    Citation: Environmental Health 2004 3:9

    Content type: Research

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  18. In animal studies of the effects of hormonally active agents, measurement of anogenital distance (AGD) is now routine, and serves as a bioassay of fetal androgen action. Although measurement of AGD in humans h...

    Authors: Eduardo Salazar-Martinez, Patricia Romano-Riquer, Edith Yanez-Marquez, Matthew P Longnecker and Mauricio Hernandez-Avila

    Citation: Environmental Health 2004 3:8

    Content type: Research

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  19. For individual exposures, effect modification by atopy or smoking has been reported on the occurrence of occupational airway disease. It is unclear if effect modification can be studied in a general population...

    Authors: Gea de Meer, Marjan Kerkhof, Hans Kromhout, Jan P Schouten and Dick Heederik

    Citation: Environmental Health 2004 3:6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. Radioisotopes are introduced into the environment following nuclear power plant accidents or nuclear weapons tests. The immobility of these radioactive elements in uppermost soil layers represents a problem fo...

    Authors: Pietro Cazzola, Agostino Cena, Stefano Ghignone, Maria C Abete and Sergio Andruetto

    Citation: Environmental Health 2004 3:5

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  21. In a previous study it has been shown that mean population perception of air pollution correlates well with physical measures of actual air pollution and could be used as a measure of exposure to air pollution...

    Authors: Paul R Hunter, Karen Bickerstaff and Maria A Davies

    Citation: Environmental Health 2004 3:3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  22. In 2000, the National Research Council (NRC), an arm of the National Academy of Sciences, released a report entitled, "Toxicological Effects of Methylmercury." The overall conclusion of that report was that, a...

    Authors: Alan H Stern, Joseph L Jacobson, Louise Ryan and Thomas A Burke

    Citation: Environmental Health 2004 3:2

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  23. Studies on maternal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) reported inconsistent findings regarding birth weight: some studies showed no effect, some reported decreased birth weight, and one study found ...

    Authors: Wilfried Karmaus and Xiaobei Zhu

    Citation: Environmental Health 2004 3:1

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. Bone marrow stromal cells produce cytokines required for the normal growth and development of all eight hematopoietic cell lineages. Aberrant cytokine production by stromal cells contributes to blood cell dysc...

    Authors: Brenda A Jensen, Rebecca J Leeman, Jennifer J Schlezinger and David H Sherr

    Citation: Environmental Health 2003 2:16

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) has claimed 349 lives with 5,327 probable cases reported in mainland China since November 2002. SARS case fatality has varied across geographical areas, which might be ...

    Authors: Yan Cui, Zuo-Feng Zhang, John Froines, Jinkou Zhao, Hua Wang, Shun-Zhang Yu and Roger Detels

    Citation: Environmental Health 2003 2:15

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. Melanoma incidence is rising at a rate faster than any other preventable cancer in the United States. Childhood exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light increases risk for skin cancer as an adult, thus starting posi...

    Authors: Alan C Geller, Linda Rutsch, Kristin Kenausis, Paula Selzer and Zi Zhang

    Citation: Environmental Health 2003 2:13

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. Epidemiological documentation of endocrine disruption is complicated by imprecise exposure assessment, especially when exposures are mixed. Even if the estrogenic activity of all compounds were known, the comb...

    Authors: Thomas Høj Rasmussen, Flemming Nielsen, Helle Raun Andersen, Jesper Bo Nielsen, Pal Weihe and Philippe Grandjean

    Citation: Environmental Health 2003 2:12

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. South Africa is one of the major users of pesticides on the African continent. The Eastern Cape is the second largest province in South Africa. There has been growing concern about the occurrence of certain bi...

    Authors: Gudrun A Heeren, Joanne Tyler and Andrew Mandeya

    Citation: Environmental Health 2003 2:11

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. HMO databases offer an opportunity for community based epidemiologic studies of asthma incidence, etiology and treatment. The incidence of asthma in HMO populations and the utility of HMO data, including use o...

    Authors: Susan R Sama, Phillip R Hunt, CIH Priscilla Cirillo, Arminda Marx, Richard A Rosiello, Paul K Henneberger and Donald K Milton

    Citation: Environmental Health 2003 2:10

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. The neurotoxic effects of methylmercury (MeHg) have been demonstrated in both human and animal studies. Both adult and fetal brains are susceptible to the effects of MeHg toxicity. However, the specific effect...

    Authors: Edna M Yokoo, Joaquim G Valente, Lynn Grattan, Sérgio Luís Schmidt, Illeane Platt and Ellen K Silbergeld

    Citation: Environmental Health 2003 2:8

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. The scientific literature poses a perplexing dilemma for pregnant women with respect to the consumption of fish from natural bodies of water. On one hand, fish is a good source of protein, low in fat and a ric...

    Authors: Germaine M Buck, Grace P Tee, Edward F Fitzgerald, John E Vena, John M Weiner, Mya Swanson and Michael E Msall

    Citation: Environmental Health 2003 2:7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. We studied subjective health symptoms in a population accidentally exposed to high styrene concentrations in drinking tap water. The contamination occurred during the reparation of a water tank.

    Authors: Alberto Arnedo-Pena, Juan Bellido-Blasco, Jose-Luis Villamarin-Vazquez, Jose-Luis Aranda-Mares, Nuria Font-Cardona, Fabriziomaria Gobba and Manolis Kogevinas

    Citation: Environmental Health 2003 2:6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. Childhood lead poisoning has not made the list of national public health priorities in Lebanon. This study aims at identifying the prevalence and risk factors for elevated blood lead concentrations (B-Pb ≥ 100...

    Authors: Iman Nuwayhid, Mona Nabulsi, Samar Muwakkit, Sarah Kouzi, George Salem, Mohamed Mikati and Majd Ariss

    Citation: Environmental Health 2003 2:5

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Fish from the Great Lakes are contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls, which have been found to have several adverse reproductive effects. Several environmental contaminants have been found to alter the se...

    Authors: Marc G Weisskopf, Henry A Anderson and Lawrence P Hanrahan

    Citation: Environmental Health 2003 2:2

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Few assessments of the costs and benefits of reducing acute cardiorespiratory morbidity related to air pollution have employed a comprehensive, explicit approach to capturing the full societal value of reduced...

    Authors: David M Stieb, Paul De Civita, F Reed Johnson, Matthew P Manary, Aslam H Anis, Robert C Beveridge and Stan Judek

    Citation: Environmental Health 2002 1:7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. The explosion at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant was one of the greatest known nuclear disasters of the 20th century. To reduce individual exposure to ionizing radiation the Soviet Union government introduce...

    Authors: Pavlo Zamostian, Kirsten B Moysich, Martin C Mahoney, Philip McCarthy, Alexandra Bondar, Andrey G Noschenko and Arthur M Michalek

    Citation: Environmental Health 2002 1:4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. A previous observational study detected a strong positive relationship between sick leave absences and carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations in office buildings in the Boston area. The authors speculated that the o...

    Authors: Theodore A Myatt, John Staudenmayer, Kate Adams, Michael Walters, Stephen N Rudnick and Donald K Milton

    Citation: Environmental Health 2002 1:3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. Observational studies in epidemiology always involve concerns regarding validity, especially measurement error, confounding, missing data, and other problems that may affect the study outcomes. Widely used sta...

    Authors: Esben Budtz-Jørgensen, Niels Keiding, Philippe Grandjean and Pal Weihe

    Citation: Environmental Health 2002 1:2

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

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