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  1. Denim sandblasting is as a novel cause of silicosis in Turkey, with reports of a recent increase in cases and fatal outcomes. We aimed to describe the radiological features of patients exposed to silica during...

    Authors: Cihan Akgul Ozmen, Hasan Nazaroglu, Tekin Yildiz, Aylin Hasanefendioglu Bayrak, Senem Senturk, Gungor Ates and Levent Akyildiz

    Citation: Environmental Health 2010 9:17

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Some epidemiologic studies have suggested an association between electromagnetic field exposure induced by high voltage power lines and childhood leukemia, but null results have also been yielded and the possi...

    Authors: Carlotta Malagoli, Sara Fabbi, Sergio Teggi, Mariagiulia Calzari, Maurizio Poli, Elena Ballotti, Barbara Notari, Maurizio Bruni, Giovanni Palazzi, Paolo Paolucci and Marco Vinceti

    Citation: Environmental Health 2010 9:16

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  3. The AhR is a ligand-activated transcription factor that mediates immunosuppression induced by environmental PAH and HAH. Recently, a critical role for the AhR in development of T cells involved in autoimmunity...

    Authors: Lenka L Allan and David H Sherr

    Citation: Environmental Health 2010 9:15

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  4. Alteration of natural or historical aquatic flows can have unintended consequences for regions where waterborne diseases are endemic and where the epidemiologic implications of such change are poorly understoo...

    Authors: Margaret Carrel, Paul Voss, Peter K Streatfield, Mohammad Yunus and Michael Emch

    Citation: Environmental Health 2010 9:13

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  5. Results from previous population studies showed that mortality rates from acute myocardial infarction and type-2 diabetes during the 1980s and 1990s in rural, agricultural counties of Minnesota, Montana, North...

    Authors: Dina M Schreinemachers

    Citation: Environmental Health 2010 9:11

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  6. Multiple N-nitroso compounds have been observed in animal studies to be both mutagenic and teratogenic. Human exposure to N-nitroso compounds and their precursors, nitrates and nitrites, can occur through exogeno...

    Authors: John S Griesenbeck, Jean D Brender, Joseph R Sharkey, Michelle D Steck, John C Huber Jr, Antonio A Rene, Thomas J McDonald, Paul A Romitti, Mark A Canfield, Peter H Langlois and Lucina Suarez

    Citation: Environmental Health 2010 9:10

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  7. The Impact Pathway Approach (IPA) is an innovative methodology to establish links between emissions, related impacts and monetary estimates. Only few attempts have so far been presented regarding emissions of ...

    Authors: Massimo Pizzol, Marianne Thomsen, Lise Marie Frohn and Mikael Skou Andersen

    Citation: Environmental Health 2010 9:9

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  8. Products containing biocides are used for a variety of purposes in the home environment. To assess potential health risks, data on products containing biocides were gathered by means of a market survey, exposu...

    Authors: Stefan Hahn, Klaus Schneider, Stefan Gartiser, Wolfgang Heger and Inge Mangelsdorf

    Citation: Environmental Health 2010 9:7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  9. Maternal exposure to air pollution has been related to fetal growth in a number of recent scientific studies. The objective of this study was to assess the association between exposure to air pollution during ...

    Authors: Ferran Ballester, Marisa Estarlich, Carmen Iñiguez, Sabrina Llop, Rosa Ramón, Ana Esplugues, Marina Lacasaña and Marisa Rebagliato

    Citation: Environmental Health 2010 9:6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  10. Very few studies have evaluated the adverse effect of passive smoking exposure among active smokers, probably due to the unproven assumption that the dose of toxic compounds that a smoker inhales by passive sm...

    Authors: Maria Teresa Piccardo, Anna Stella and Federico Valerio

    Citation: Environmental Health 2010 9:5

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  11. Substantial epidemiological studies demonstrate associations between exposure to ambient ozone and mortality. A few studies simply examine the modification of this ozone effect by individual characteristics an...

    Authors: Cizao Ren, Steve Melly and Joel Schwartz

    Citation: Environmental Health 2010 9:3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  12. Elevated concentrations of mercury have been documented in fish in Lake Chapala in central Mexico, an area that is home to a large subsistence fishing community. However, neither the extent of human mercury ex...

    Authors: Leonardo Trasande, Juanita E Cortes, Philip J Landrigan, Mary I Abercrombie, Richard F Bopp and Enrique Cifuentes

    Citation: Environmental Health 2010 9:1

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  13. Management of solid waste (mainly landfills and incineration) releases a number of toxic substances, most in small quantities and at extremely low levels. Because of the wide range of pollutants, the different...

    Authors: Daniela Porta, Simona Milani, Antonio I Lazzarino, Carlo A Perucci and Francesco Forastiere

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8:60

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  14. The effects of ambient air pollution on pregnancy outcomes are under debate. Previous studies have used different air pollution exposure assessment methods. The considerable traffic-related intra-urban spatial...

    Authors: Edith H van den Hooven, Vincent WV Jaddoe, Yvonne de Kluizenaar, Albert Hofman, Johan P Mackenbach, Eric AP Steegers, Henk ME Miedema and Frank H Pierik

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8:59

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  15. Although the association between exposure to particulate matter and health is well established, there remains uncertainty as to whether certain chemical components are more harmful than others. We explored whe...

    Authors: Antonella Zanobetti, Meredith Franklin, Petros Koutrakis and Joel Schwartz

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8:58

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  16. The quantification of uncertainty and variability is a key component of quantitative risk analysis. Recent advances in Bayesian statistics make it ideal for integrating multiple sources of information, of diff...

    Authors: Marc C Kennedy, Helen E Clough and Joanne Turner

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8(Suppl 1):S19

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  17. This Environment and Human Health project aims to develop a health-based summary measure of multiple physical environmental deprivation for the UK, akin to the measures of multiple socioeconomic deprivation th...

    Authors: Elizabeth A Richardson, Richard J Mitchell, Niamh K Shortt, Jamie Pearce and Terence P Dawson

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8(Suppl 1):S18

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  18. Bacterial pathogens are ubiquitous in soil and water - concurrently so are free-living helminths that feed on bacteria. These helminths fall into two categories; the non-parasitic and the parasitic. The former...

    Authors: Lizeth Lacharme-Lora, Vyv Salisbury, Tom J Humphrey, Kathryn Stafford and Sarah E Perkins

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8(Suppl 1):S17

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  19. Understanding how risks to human health change as a result of seasonal variations in environmental conditions is likely to become of increasing importance in the context of climatic change, especially in lower...

    Authors: Roger Few, Iain Lake, Paul R Hunter, Pham Gia Tran and Vu Trong Thien

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8(Suppl 1):S16

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  20. Are pathogens in outdoor air a health issue at present or will they become a problem in the future? A working group called AirPath - Outdoor Environments and Human Pathogens in Air was set up in 2007 at Universit...

    Authors: Ka man Lai, Jean Emberlin and Ian Colbeck

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8(Suppl 1):S15

    Content type: Review and recommendations

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  21. The aetiology of type 1 diabetes in children is uncertain. A number of recent studies have suggested an infectious aetiology. It has been postulated that an infectious agent may be involved. Support for this h...

    Authors: Richard JQ McNally, Raymond Pollock, Simon Court, Mike Begon and Tim D Cheetham

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8(Suppl 1):S14

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  22. Global food insecurity is associated with micronutrient deficiencies and it has been suggested that 4.5 billion people world-wide are affected by deficiencies in iron, vitamin A and iodine. Zinc has also been ...

    Authors: Natalie Dickinson, John Gulliver, Gordon MacPherson, John Atkinson, Jean Rankin, Maria Cummings, Zoe Nisbet, Andrew Hursthouse, Avril Taylor, Chris Robertson and Wolfgang Burghardt

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8(Suppl 1):S13

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  23. The potential for poisoning of humans through their consumption of shellfish which have themselves consumed biotoxin producing marine phytoplankton exists in the UK. Toxins are bio-accumulated within the shell...

    Authors: Keith Davidson and Eileen Bresnan

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8(Suppl 1):S12

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  24. Mass populations of toxin-producing cyanobacteria commonly develop in fresh-, brackish- and marine waters and effective strategies for monitoring and managing cyanobacterial health risks are required to safegu...

    Authors: Andrew N Tyler, Peter D Hunter, Laurence Carvalho, Geoffrey A Codd, J Alex Elliott, Claire A Ferguson, Nick D Hanley, David W Hopkins, Stephen C Maberly, Kathryn J Mearns and E Marion Scott

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8(Suppl 1):S11

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  25. Wild plants harbour a variety of viruses and these have the potential to alter the composition of pollen. The potential consequences of virus infection of grasses on pollen-induced allergic disease are not known.

    Authors: Denise W Pallett, Emily Soh, Mary-Lou Edwards, Kathleen Bodey, Laurie CK Lau, J Ian Cooper, Peter H Howarth, Andrew F Walls and Hui Wang

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8(Suppl 1):S10

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  26. This paper describes an exploratory study of endotoxin emissions and dispersal from a commercial composting facility. Replicated samples of air were taken by filtration at different locations around the facili...

    Authors: Lewis Deacon, Louise Pankhurst, Jian Liu, Gillian H Drew, Enda T Hayes, Simon Jackson, James Longhurst, Philip Longhurst, Simon Pollard and Sean Tyrrel

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8(Suppl 1):S9

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  27. We describe a project to quantify the burden of heat and ozone on mortality in the UK, both for the present-day and under future emission scenarios.

    Authors: Ruth M Doherty, Mathew R Heal, Paul Wilkinson, Sam Pattenden, Massimo Vieno, Ben Armstrong, Richard Atkinson, Zaid Chalabi, Sari Kovats, Ai Milojevic and David S Stevenson

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8(Suppl 1):S8

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  28. Studies of disinfection by-products in drinking water and measures of adverse fetal growth have often been limited by exposure assessment lacking data on individual water use, and therefore failing to reflect ...

    Authors: Rachel B Smith, Mireille B Toledano, John Wright, Pauline Raynor and Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8(Suppl 1):S7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  29. Compelling evidence of major health benefits of fruit and vegetable consumption, physical activity, and outdoor interaction with 'greenspace' have emerged in the past decade - all of which combine to give majo...

    Authors: Jonathan R Leake, Andrew Adam-Bradford and Janette E Rigby

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8(Suppl 1):S6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  30. A methodology is presented and validated through which long-term fixed site air quality measurements are used to characterise and remove temporal signals in sample-based measurements which have good spatial co...

    Authors: Paul Harris, Sarah Lindley, Martin Gallagher and Raymond Agius

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8(Suppl 1):S5

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  31. An exploratory XPS and FTIR investigation of the surfaces of bulk quartz powders widely used in toxicological studies (DQ12 and Min-U-Sil 5) was carried with the aim of correlating surface features with toxici...

    Authors: Stephen M Francis, W Edryd Stephens and Neville V Richardson

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8(Suppl 1):S4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  32. Nanotechnology has the potential to revolutionise our futures, but has also prompted concerns about the possibility that nanomaterials may harm humans or the biosphere. The unique properties of nanoparticles, ...

    Authors: Deborah Berhanu, Agnieszka Dybowska, Superb K Misra, Chris J Stanley, Pakatip Ruenraroengsak, Aldo R Boccaccini, Teresa D Tetley, Samuel N Luoma, Jane A Plant and Eugenia Valsami-Jones

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8(Suppl 1):S3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  33. The aim of this project was to compare cerium oxide and silver particles of different sizes for their potential for uptake by aquatic species, human exposure via ingestion of contaminated food sources and to a...

    Authors: Birgit K Gaiser, Teresa F Fernandes, Mark Jepson, Jamie R Lead, Charles R Tyler and Vicki Stone

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8(Suppl 1):S2

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  34. The Joint Environment and Human Health (E&HH) Programme has explored how both man-made and natural changes to the environment can influence human health. Scientists have tackled the complicated mix of environm...

    Authors: Michael N Moore and Pamela D Kempton

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8(Suppl 1):S1

    Content type: Introduction

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 8 Supplement 1

  35. For centuries farmers in Vietnam have fertilized their fields with human excreta collected directly from their household latrines. Contrary to the official guideline of six-month storage, the households usuall...

    Authors: Peter KM Jensen, Pham D Phuc, Flemming Konradsen, Lise T Klank and Anders Dalsgaard

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8:57

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. We evaluated the impact of migration to the USA-Mexico border city of El Paso, Texas (USA), parental language preference, and Hispanic ethnicity on childhood asthma to differentiate between its social and envi...

    Authors: Erik R Svendsen, Melissa Gonzales, Mary Ross and Lucas M Neas

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8:55

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. In spite of decades of epidemiological research, the etiology and causal patterns for many common diseases, such as breast and colon cancer or neurodegenerative diseases, are still largely unknown. Such chroni...

    Authors: Paolo Vineis, Aneire E Khan, Jelle Vlaanderen and Roel Vermeulen

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8:54

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  38. Cyanobacteria can produce groups of structurally and functionally unrelated but highly potent toxins. Cyanotoxins are used in multiple research endeavours, either for direct investigation of their toxicologic ...

    Authors: Ian Stewart, Wayne W Carmichael, Ross Sadler, Glenn B McGregor, Karen Reardon, Geoffrey K Eaglesham, Wasantha A Wickramasinghe, Alan A Seawright and Glen R Shaw

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8:52

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  39. Unprocessed biomass fuel is the primary source of indoor air pollution (IAP) in developing countries. The use of biomass fuel has been linked with acute respiratory infections. This study assesses sources of v...

    Authors: Abera Kumie, Anders Emmelin, Sonny Wahlberg, Yemane Berhane, Ahmed Ali, Eyassu Mekonen, Alemayehu Worku and Doris Brandstrom

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8:51

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Few studies have identified specific factors that increase mortality during heat waves. This study investigated socio-demographic characteristics and pre-existing medical conditions as effect modifiers of the ...

    Authors: Patrizia Schifano, Giovanna Cappai, Manuela De Sario, Paola Michelozzi, Claudia Marino, Anna Maria Bargagli and Carlo A Perucci

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8:50

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Bacteria used as indicators for pathogenic microorganisms in water are not considered adequate as enteric virus indicators. Surface water from a tropical high-altitude system located in Mexico City that receiv...

    Authors: Ana C Espinosa, Carlos F Arias, Salvador Sánchez-Colón and Marisa Mazari-Hiriart

    Citation: Environmental Health 2009 8:49

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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