Skip to main content

Table 5 Bias Analysis of the Gustavsson et al. study [20].

From: Risk assessment of diesel exhaust and lung cancer: combining human and animal studies after adjustment for biases in epidemiological studies

PE Se Sp Mean b 95% C.I.
0.10 1.00 1.00 1.70 1.19 - 2.42
0.10 1.00 0.80 1.72 1.20 - 2.45
0.10 1.00 0.60 1.73 1.19 - 2.43
0.10 1.00 0.40 1.70 1.19 - 2.45
0.10 0.80 1.00 1.71 1.21 - 2.47
0.10 0.80 0.80 1.70 1.22 - 2.47
0.10 0.80 0.60 1.72 1.20 - 2.47
0.10 0.80 0.40 1.72 1.20 - 2.48
0.10 0.60 1.00 1.76 1.22 - 2.52
0.10 0.60 0.80 1.76 1.23 - 2.52
0.10 0.60 0.60 1.71 1.23 - 2.47
0.10 0.60 0.40 1.72 1.21 - 2.47
0.10 0.40 1.00 1.83 1.28 - 2.66
0.10 0.40 0.80 1.79 1.25 - 2.57
0.10 0.40 0.60 1.78 1.23 - 2.54
0.10 0.40 0.40 1.74 1.21 - 2.53
0.16 1.00 1.00 1.70 1.19 - 2.44
0.16 1.00 0.80 1.72 1.20 - 2.47
0.16 1.00 0.60 1.71 1.21 - 2.44
0.16 1.00 0.40 1.72 1.20 - 2.46
0.16 0.80 1.00 1.73 1.22 - 2.46
0.16 0.80 0.80 1.74 1.22 - 2.50
0.16 0.80 0.60 1.73 1.20 - 2.47
0.16 0.80 0.40 1.74 1.21 - 2.47
0.16 0.60 1.00 1.76 1.25 - 2.49
0.16 0.60 0.80 1.77 1.23 - 2.54
0.16 0.60 0.60 1.74 1.22 - 2.50
0.16 0.60 0.40 1.74 1.22 - 2.48
0.16 0.40 1.00 1.88 1.32 - 2.65
0.16 0.40 0.80 1.82 1.29 - 2.57
0.16 0.40 0.60 1.80 1.24 - 2.55
0.16 0.40 0.40 1.76 1.23 - 2.51
0.25 1.00 1.00 1.73 1.20 - 2.45
0.25 1.00 0.80 1.73 1.21 - 2.46
0.25 1.00 0.60 1.73 1.20 - 2.47
0.25 1.00 0.40 1.72 1.20 - 2.49
0.25 0.80 1.00 1.74 1.22 - 2.49
0.25 0.80 0.80 1.75 1.23 - 2.51
0.25 0.80 0.60 1.76 1.22 - 2.51
0.25 0.80 0.40 1.74 1.21 - 2.49
0.25 0.60 1.00 1.79 1.26 - 2.55
0.25 0.60 0.80 1.78 1.25 - 2.56
0.25 0.60 0.60 1.78 1.24 - 2.52
0.25 0.60 0.40 1.76 1.23 - 2.51
0.25 0.40 1.00 1.91 1.31 - 2.69
0.25 0.40 0.80 1.85 1.29 - 2.64
0.25 0.40 0.60 1.81 1.27 - 2.57
0.25 0.40 0.40 1.76 1.24 - 2.53
0.36 1.00 1.00 1.73 1.22 - 2.48
0.36 1.00 0.80 1.75 1.22 - 2.50
0.36 1.00 0.60 1.75 1.22 - 2.50
0.36 1.00 0.40 1.75 1.22 - 2.50
0.36 0.80 1.00 1.76 1.24 - 2.51
0.36 0.80 0.80 1.77 1.23 - 2.53
0.36 0.80 0.60 1.76 1.24 - 2.51
0.36 0.80 0.40 1.75 1.23 - 2.52
0.36 0.60 1.00 1.82 1.27 - 2.61
0.36 0.60 0.80 1.80 1.27 - 2.60
0.36 0.60 0.60 1.79 1.26 - 2.56
0.36 0.60 0.40 1.78 1.25 - 2.55
0.36 0.40 1.00 1.98 1.39 - 2.79
0.36 0.40 0.80 1.90 1.33 - 2.69
0.36 0.40 0.60 1.84 1.28 - 2.63
0.36 0.40 0.40 1.80 1.25 - 2.57
  1. estimates by exposure prevalence (PE), sensitivity (SE) and specificity (Sp) where RR T a = 1.63 (95% C.I.: 1.14 - 2.33) and incidence proportion rate in unexposed subjects equals 0.008.
  2. a RRT : true relative risk
  3. b RRM : estimated relative risk having adjusted for misclassification