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Table 1 Water arsenic concentration by participant’s characteristics (n=1004) *

From: Association between type 2 diabetes and chronic arsenic exposure in drinking water: A cross sectional study in Bangladesh

Participant’s characteristics Median arsenic Conc. in drinking water (μg/L) Water arsenic concentration No of subjects %, N
1st quartile 2nd quartile 3rd quartile 4th quartile
(10–22 μg/L),%, N (23–32 μg/L), %, N (33–261 μg/L),%, N (≥262 μg/L), %, N
Age
30–39 33 28.9 (117) 20.0 (81) 26.4 (107) 24.7 (100) 40.4 (405)
40–49 33 26.2 (69) 23.2 (61) 26.6 (70) 24.0 (63) 26.2 (263)
50–59 32 36.5 (57) 17.3 (27) 22.5 (35) 23.7 (37) 15.5 (156)
≥60 32 29.4 (53) 22.2 (40) 22.8 (41) 25.6 (46) 17.9 (180)
Sex
Male 86 27.4 (87) 18.0 (57) 22.4 (71) 32.2 (102) 31.6 (317)
Female 32 30.4 (209) 22.1 (152) 26.5 (182) 21.0 (144) 68.4 (687)
Education
No formal education 32 29.8 (207) 22.9 (159) 22.9 (159) 24.4 (169) 69.1 (694)
Primary 32.5 31.2 (58) 18.8 (35) 26.3 (49) 23.7 (44) 18.5 (186)
High School 117.5 25.0 (31) 12.1 (15) 36.3 (45) 26.6 (33) 12.4 (124)
Occupation
Agriculture 109 28.0 (37) 13.7 (18) 26.5 (35) 31.8 (42) 13.1 (132)
Day labour 31 33.4 (17) 23.5 (12) 19.6 (10) 23.5 (12) 5.1 (51)
Housewife 32 30.5 (206) 22.7 (153) 26.1 (176) 20.7 (140) 67.2 (675)
Others 97 24.7 (36) 17.8 (26) 21.9 (32) 35.6 (52) 14.6 (146)
Marital Status
Currently married 33 29.3 (253) 20.3 (175) 25.7 (221) 24.7 (213) 85.9 (862)
Widowed/Divorced 31 32.8 (43) 23.7 (31) 21.4 (28) 22.1 (29) 13.0 (131)
Never married 140 0.0 (0) 27.3 (3) 36.4 (4) 36.3 (4) 1.1 (11)
Religion
Muslim 124 22.3 (171) 15.9 (122) 30.4 (233) 31.4 (240) 76.3 (766)
Hindu 83.5 26.5 (36) 18.4 (25) 22.8 (31) 32.3 (44) 14.2 (136)
BMI
<18.5 109 25.1 (96) 16.2 (62) 27.8 (106) 30.9 (118) 38.0 (382)
18.5-25.0 31 33.5 (176) 22.6 (119) 22.0 (116) 21.9 (115) 52.4 (526)
≥25.0 32 25.0 (24) 29.2 (28) 32.3 (31) 13.5 (13) 9.6 (96)
Smoking Status
Never smoked 32 31.5 (247) 22.6 (177) 24.2 (190) 21.7 (170) 82.1 (784)
Ex smoker 67 31.5 (11) 17.1 (6) 17.1 (6) 34.3 (12) 3.7 (35)
Current smoker 83.5 26.5 (36) 18.4 (25) 22.8 (31) 32.3 (44) 14.2 (136)
Diabetes in the family
Yes 122 25.5 (12) 17.0 (8) 29.8 (14) 27.7 (13) 4.7 (47)
No 32 29.7 (284) 21.0 (201) 25.0 (239) 24.3 (233) 95.3 (957)
  1. * Results are expressed as row percent, unless otherwise indicated.