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Table 4 Environmental factors perceived as important in influencing cycling for transportation in Auckland vs. the rest of New Zealand

From: The role of multilevel factors in geographic differences in bicycle crash risk: a prospective cohort study

Environmental factors Auckland (%) N = 557 Others (%) N = 954 P-value
    Crude Adjusteda
Barriers to cycling for transportation     
Adverse weather 82.6 82.4 0.9 1
Too hilly 20.1 24.5 0.05 0.1
Would take too long 49.2 50.9 0.5 0.9
Too far 41.3 42.5 0.7 0.7
Too short a distance to use a bike 26.4 23.4 0.2 0.8
Personal security 50.1 38.4 <0.0001 0.0002
Road safety 79.9 69.2 <0.0001 <0.0001
Traffic en route 79.0 67.3 <0.0001 <0.0001
Driver attitude and behaviour 80.8 71.5 <0.0001 <0.0001
Availability of other easier transport 42.0 38.5 0.2 0.3
Need a car for other reasons (e.g., school run) 72.9 67.6 0.03 0.01
Breathing polluted air 50.1 41.3 0.0009 0.009
Enablers of cycling for transportation     
More bike lanes 91.4 87.4 0.02 0.04
More bike paths 78.5 80.3 0.4 1
Need to negotiate fewer difficult intersections 75.9 70.7 0.03 0.1
Better road conditions 84.0 81.5 0.2 0.5
Reduced vehicle speed 63.7 58.8 0.06 0.03
Changing driver attitude and behaviour 90.1 84.7 0.003 0.01
Bike friendly public transport 52.1 39.5 <0.0001 <0.0001
Secure bike parking in public places 69.3 73.3 0.1 0.3
Bike designed for transportation 26.6 29.0 0.3 0.07
Car parking restrictions 32.1 32.2 1 0.7
Rising costs of petrol 41.3 48.3 0.008 0.03
Enablers of cycling to work/education b     
Showers 94.1 88.8 0.002 0.03
Lockers and changing facilities 90.6 84.7 0.004 0.1
Secure bike parking 91.9 86.7 0.006 0.1
Pool bikes 6.2 7.6 0.3 0.1
Financial assistance to buy a commuter bike 10.3 9.7 0.7 0.4
Bike maintenance classes/facilities 15.2 15.5 0.9 0.4
A more flexible dress code 29.5 29.0 0.9 0.9
More flexible working hours 38.5 40.2 0.6 0.6
Charges for car parking 25.5 19.1 0.009 0.04
  1. aAdjusted for demographic, residence and cycling factors.
  2. bRestricted to participants who reported travelling to work/education at least once a week (N = 455 in Auckland and N = 734 in the rest of New Zealand).