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Table 1 Definition of the socioeconomic characteristics considered as potential predictors of the geographic distribution of infant mortality

From: An exploratory spatial analysis to assess the relationship between deprivation, noise and infant mortality: an ecological study

Data Domain Variables  
Proxy socio-economic variables Occupation - Proportion of blue-collar workers in the labor force
- Proportion of managers in the labor force
Education - People aged 15 years or older with a higher education degree
- People aged 15 years or older with at least a lower tertiary education
- People aged 15 years or older who did not go beyond an elementary education
Immigration status - Proportion of foreigners in the total population
Unemployment - Proportion of unemployed people in the labor force
Housing condition - Subsidised housing among all primary residences
  Characteristics Description Mean [95% CI]
Classes of deprivation Group 1: low deprivation Census blocks with high median income, low proportion of households without a car, low proportion with non-owner-occupied primary residences 30935 € [29524–32345]
9.8% [8.6-11]
31.6% [28.5-34.8]
Group 2: moderate deprivation Census blocks with median income average, medium proportion of households without a car, medium proportion with non-owner-occupied primary residences 23232 € [22627–23838]
27.4% [25.5-29.4]
59.2% [56.7-61.7]
Group 3: high deprivation Census blocks with low median income, high proportion of households without a car, high proportion with non-owner-occupied primary residences 17072 € [16377–17767]
33.2% [30.7-35.6]
78.2% [74.7-81.7]