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Table 3 Residential proximity to dioxin emitting facilities and risk of NHL

From: Residential proximity to industrial combustion facilities and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma: a case–control study

  Ever lived within 5 kma Years lived within 5 km Ever lived within 3 kma Years lived within 3 km
Facility type Cases N (%) Controls N (%) OR (95% CI)b Years Cases Controls OR (95% CI )b Cases N (%) Controls N (%) OR (95% CI)b Years Cases Controls OR (95% CI)b
Any dioxin- emitting facility 374 290 1.0 (0.8-1.2) 0 595 459 1.0 215 170 1.0 (0.8-1.3) 0 754 579 1.0
(39) (39)   1-14 158 110 1.0 (0.8-1.4) (22) (23)   1-14 112 90 0.9 (0.7- 1.3)
    15 216 180 0.9 (0.7-1.2)     15 103 80 1.1 ( 0.8-1.5)
Medical waste incinerators 312 250 0.9 (0.7-1.2) 0 657 499 1.0 185 154 0.9 (0.7-1.2) 0 784 595 1.0
(39) (33)   1-14 125 96 0.9 (0.7-1.3) (19) (21)   1-14 93 82 0.8 (0.6-1.2)
    15 187 154 1.0 (0.7-1.3)     15 92 72 1.1 (0.8-1.5)
Coal-fired electric generating facilities 56 45 0.9 (0.6-1.3) 0 913 704 1.0 25 23 0.7 (0.4-1.3) 0 944 726 1.0
(5.8) (6.0)   1-14 24 23 0.7 (0.4-1.2) (2.6) (3.1)   1-14 13 15 0.6 (0.3-1.2)
    15 32 22 1.1 (0.6-1.9)     15 12 8 1.1 ( 0.4- 2.8)
Sewage sludge incinerators 52 33 1.1 (0.7-1.7) 0 917 716 1.0 19 12 1.1 (0.5-2.3) 0 950 737 1.0
(5.4) (4.4)   1-14 28 15 1.2 (0.6-2.3) (2.0) (1.6)   1-14 13 4 2.2 (0.7-7.1)
    15 24 18 1.0 (0.5-1.8)     15 6 8 0.5 (0.2-1.5)
Municipal solid waste incinerators 18 28 0.5 (0.3-0.9) 0 951 721 1.0 3 7 0.3 (0.1-1.4) 0 966 742 1.0
(1.9) (3.7)   1-14 14 24 0.4 (0.2-0.8) (0.3) (0.9)   1-14 2 5 0.3 (0.06-1.8)
    15 4 4 0.9 (0.2-3.5)     15 1 2 --
Cement kilns (non-hazardous) 27 13 1.7 (0.8-3.3) 0 942 736 1.0 13 3 3.8 (1.1-14.0) 0 956 746 1.0
(2.8) (1.7)   1-14 14 4 2.6 (0.8-8.1) (1.3) (0.4)   1-14 6 0 >999
    15 13 9 1.2 (0.5-3.0)     15 7 3 2.1 (0.5-8.7)
Hazardous waste incinerators 14 7 1.4 (0.6-3.6) 0 955 742 1.0 2 2 0.7 (0.1-5.1) 0 967 747 1.0
(1.4) (0.9)   1-14 6 3 1.4 (0.3-5.8) (0.2) (0.3)   1-14 2 2 0.7 (0.1-5.1)
    15 8 4 1.4 (0.4-4.8)     15 0 0 --
  1. a Reference groups: did not live within specified distance in the exposure period.
  2. bAdjusted for age (<35, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, >65 yrs), gender, race (white, black, other/unknown), center (Detroit, Seattle, Iowa, Los Angeles), education (<12, 12–15, >16 years).