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Table 3 State and national estimates for 24 hr kitchen area concentrations of PM 2.5 (μg/m 3 ) for solid cookfuel using households in India

From: State and national household concentrations of PM2.5 from solid cookfuel use: Results from measurements and modeling in India for estimation of the global burden of disease

State1 Population %SF Use 24 hr PM 2.5kitchen area concentrations (μg/m3) in solid cookfuel using households ( 95% CI) Weight in overall estimate for all solid- fuel-users
   Rural solid-fuel- users Urban solid- fuel- users All solid-fuel-users Rural Urban
ANDHRA PRADESH (25) 7621007 41.93 214 (154–296) 187 (135–259) 207 (150–287) 0.76 0.24
ARUNACHAL PRADESH (11) 1097968 65.79 472 (331–673) 409 (286–585) 463 (325–660) 0.85 0.15
ASSAM (17) 26655528 67.45 454 (328–629) 415 (298–578) 448 (323–622) 0.85 0.15
BIHAR (9) 82998509 79.04 514 (350–754) 505 (344–742) 512 (349–751) 0.75 0.25
CHHATTISGARH (21) 20833803 81.35 478 (345–663) 469 (339–649) 476 (344–660) 0.81 0.19
DELHI (6) 13850507 13.38 587 (396–875) 411 (292–579) 442 (310–631) 0.18 0.82
GOA (27) 50671017 35.99 191 (140–262) 119 (86–163) 173 (126–238) 0.75 0.25
GUJARAT (23) 1347668 53.66 491 (361–667) 423 (311–576) 480 (354–653) 0.85 0.15
HARYANA (5) 6077900 71.8 557 (383–814) 513 (353–749) 553 (380–807) 0.90 0.10
HIMACHAL PRADESH (2) 21144564 53.73 482 (356–653) 413 (305–559) 480 (355–650) 0.97 0.03
JAMMUAND KASHMIR (1) 26945829 57.01 508 (367–706) 427 (308–593) 501 (361–696) 0.91 0.09
JHARKHAND (19) 10143700 85.05 495 (342–716) 503 (347–730) 497 (344–720) 0.74 0.26
KARNATAKA (26) 52850562 65.75 199 (145–274) 181 (132–250) 196 (143–270) 0.84 0.16
KERALA (28) 31841374 71.71 183 (135–249) 158 (117–216) 176 (130–240) 0.73 0.27
MADHYA PRADESH (22) 2318822 57.16 512 (370–711) 502 (362–698) 510 (368–709) 0.82 0.18
MAHARASHTRA (24) 96878627 34.18 461 (340–627) 385 (283–524) 438 (323–596) 0.70 0.30
MANIPUR (13) 2293896 60.14 447 (319–628) 376 (268–528) 426 (304–599) 0.71 0.29
MEGHALAYA (16) 60348023 63.21 444 (320–618) 384 (274–541) 431 (310–600) 0.77 0.23
MIZORAM (14) 888573 35.36 463 (318–673) 331 (228–482) 446 (307–649) 0.88 0.12
NAGALAND (12) 1990036 64.66 430 (308–601) 399 (286–558) 421 (302–589) 0.72 0.28
ORISSA (20) 36804660 83.1 467 (325–671) 453 (315–653) 464 (323–668) 0.81 0.19
PUNJAB (3) 24358999 56.3 582 (390–870) 529 (355–791) 575 (386–861) 0.88 0.12
RAJASTHAN (7) 56507188 73.55 532 (384–740) 514 (368–717) 530 (381–737) 0.86 0.14
SIKKIM (10) 540851 41.58 469 (345–641) 374 (272–515) 468 (344–639) 0.99 0.01
TAMIL NADU (29) 62405679 50.85 210 (152–290) 182 (132–251) 205 (148–282) 0.80 0.20
TRIPURA (15) 3199203 77.12 472 (348–643) 429 (315–585) 467 (344–635) 0.87 0.13
UTTAR PRADESH (8) 8489349 59.87 601 (411–882) 578 (397–846) 596 (408–874) 0.79 0.21
UTTARANCHAL (4) 166197921 70.98 512 (370–711) 422 (303–589) 503 (363–699) 0.90 0.10
WEST BENGAL (18) 80176197 58.32 505 (360–710) 490 (349–690) 501 (357–705) 0.74 0.26
India 1026066960 58.66 455 (321–646) 430 (303–613) 450 (318–640) 0.80 0.20
  1. 1Numbers in parenthesis correspond to state locations shown in Figure 4 and are matched to state codes assigned in the Indian National Census.
  2. 95% CIs were generated using the SE estimates provided by bootstrapping.