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Table 4 Hazardous air pollutants associated with spina bifida identified using Stochastic Search Variable Selection (SSVS) with a Bayes factor greater than 1.00

From: Air toxics and birth defects: a Bayesian hierarchical approach to evaluate multiple pollutants and spina bifida

Pollutant Pollutant range (μg/m3) Cases/Controls Odds ratio1 95%credible interval Bayes factor
Quinoline      
    Low <6.50 × 10-14 18/176 1.00 Ref.  
    Medium 6.50 × 10-14 - 1.71 × 10-5 434/3149 1.42 (0.87, 2.42) 0.32
    High >1.71 × 10-5 39/178 2.06 (1.11, 3.87) 1.01
Trichloroethylene      
    Low <0.0524 13/176 1.00 Ref.  
    Medium 0.052 – 0.16 460/3151 2.00 (1.14, 3.61) 3.79
    High >0.16 18/176 1.32 (0.61, 2.80) 0.60
  1. 1Adjusted for year of birth, maternal education, maternal race/ethnicity, maternal smoking, and census tract poverty status.