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Table 7 Odds ratios tap water versus water container and reuse of plastic container

From: Agricultural chemical exposures and birth defects in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa A case – control study


Odds Ratio

95% CI of OR

Tap vs. Plastic


2.2 – 27.9

Used plastic vs. new plastic *


1.06 – 3.31

Tap vs. Metal


0.76 – 13.18

  1. * Used plastic container had previously been used to store chemicals, whereas new container not. Tap stands here for the tap in the house, not the communal tap.