Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Residence characteristics of children by blood lead concentration

From: Blood Lead Concentrations in 1–3 Year Old Lebanese Children: A Cross-sectional study

  Blood lead concentration (μg/L)   
  <100 (N = 242) > = 100 (N = 39) Total (N = 281) P-value
  n (%) n (%) n (%)  
Area of residence     
   Beirut 114 (47.1) 24 (63.2) 138 (49.3) 0.13
   Suburbs of Beirut 84 (34.7) 11 (28.9) 95 (33.9)  
   Outside Beirut 44 (18.2) 3 (7.9) 47 (16.8)  
Season     
   Winter (01–03) 59 (24.4) 6 (15.4) 65 (23.1) 0.02
   Spring (04–06) 59 (24.4) 3 (7.7) 62 (22.1)  
   Summer (07–09) 42 (17.4) 9 (23.1) 51 (18.1)  
   Fall (10–12) 82 (33.9) 21 (53.8) 103 (36.7)  
Age of building (years)     
   <= 20 137 (60.6) 16 (44.4) 153 (58.4) 0.07
   > 20 89 (39.4) 20 (55.6) 109 (41.6)  
Home last painted (years)     
   <= 3 160 (67.2) 21 (55.3) 181 (65.6) 0.15
   > 3 78 (32.8) 17 (44.7) 95 (34.4)  
Dustiness of home     
   Very dusty 85 (35.6) 15 (38.5) 100 (36.0) 0.63
   Moderately dusty 53 (22.2) 6 (15.4) 59 (21.2)  
   Not/ a little dusty 101 (42.3) 18 (46.2) 119 (42.8)  
Frequency of dusting     
   Daily 173 (73.3) 24 (61.5) 197 (71.6) 0.13
   Not daily 63 (26.7) 15 (38.5) 78 (28.4)  
Location of building     
   Main road 92 (38.5) 17 (43.6) 109 (39.2) 0.55
   Side road 147 (61.5) 22 (56.4) 169 (60.8)  
Industry in same building*     
   Yes 30 (12.9) 9 (23.1) 39 (14.3) 0.09
   No 203 (87.1) 30 (76.9) 233 (85.7)  
Traffic jam in area     
   Always/often 134 (56.1) 29 (74.4) 163 (58.6) 0.03
   Rarely 105 (43.9) 10 (25.6) 115 (41.4)  
Nearby construction works     
   Yes 140 (58.6) 23 (59.0) 163 (58.6) 0.96
   No 99 (41.4) 16 (41.0) 115 (41.4)  
  1. Note: Missing data in some variables. * Small industries, such as mechanics, furniture, or paint shop.