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Table 2 Univariate analyses for acute chemical releases in fixed facilities, by events with victims and evacuations.

From: Risk factors for acute chemical releases with public health consequences: Hazardous Substances Emergency Events Surveillance in the U.S., 1996–2001

Variable Victims Evacuations
  No. % with victims POR (95% CI) No. % with evac. POR (95% CI)
Industry*,
Agriculture 578 17.8 2.75 (2.21–3.42) NA
Business and repair services 265 23.0 3.76 (2.81–5.02) 268 15.7 1.74 (1.25–2.42)
Communications 33 21.2 3.33 (1.45–7.68) NA
Construction 319 15.4 2.26 (1.67–3.08) NA
Entertainment and recreation services 196 29.6 5.29 (3.88–7.21) 200 29.5 3.96 (2.91–5.38)
Finance, insurance & real Estate 108 37.0 7.36 (4.97–10.91) 107 41.1 6.59 (4.47–9.70)
Manufacturing§ 4594 9.6 1.39 (1.24–1.55) 4598 18.5 2.59 (2.38–2.83)
Personal services 1025 36.3 8.24 (7.20–9.44) 1064 23.7 3.03 (2.62–3.51)
Professional and related services 953 25.6 4.64 (3.99–5.41) 978 42.3 7.82 (6.85–8.94)
Public administration 273 22.7 3.70 (2.77–4.92) 277 22.4 2.72 (2.05–3.62)
Retail trade 451 33.0 6.45 (5.27–7.88) 456 36.6 5.65 (4.65–6.86)
Wholesale trade 1061 10.7 1.49 (1.22–1.82) NA
Factors       
   Beyond human control 1076 2.2 0.58 (0.37–0.92) 1084 8.9 1.56 (1.19–2.05)
   Equipment failure 15193 4.5 1.21 (0.97–1.51) 15186 7.1 1.23 (1.02–1.47)
   Human error 5900 14.3 4.28 (3.43–5.35) 5930 15.6 2.97 (2.47–3.57)
   Illegal dumping or deliberate damage 1152 26.7 15.93 (10.41–24.36) 1295 16.6 2.05 (1.59–2.65)
   Improper mixing or filling 771 22.6 7.46 (5.69–9.77) 775 27.0 5.94 (4.71–7.49)
   System problem 1838 0.9 0.23 (0.13–0.38) 1833 1.4 0.23 (.015–0.35)
   Other 2393 3.8 referent 2425 5.9 referent
  1. *Only industry categories with 95% CI greater than 1.0 are presented.
  2. Industry categories were coded as yes/no. The referent group is all other industries.
  3. Includes forestry and fisheries.
  4. §Excludes chemical and allied products and petroleum and coal products, which were analyzed as separate categories.
  5. Includes power failures and bad weather.