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Table 4 Statistically Significant Findings in the Study by Araneta et al. (2003) [50] of Birth Defects among US Veterans Deployed and Not Deployed in the 1991 Gulf War

From: Teratogenicity of depleted uranium aerosols: A review from an epidemiological perspective

Birth defect Comparison groups Relative risk (95% c. i., p-value)
Father was a veteran
Aortic valve stenosis Infants conceived post-war, to deployed fathers vs. non-deployed fathers 6.0 (1.2–31.0, p = 0.026)
  Infants of deployed fathers, those conceived post vs. those conceived pre-war ^16.3 (0.09–294, p = 0.011)
Renal agenesis or hypoplasia Infants of deployed fathers, those conceived post vs. those conceived pre-war ^16.3 (0.09–294, p = 0.011)
Tricuspid valve insufficiency Infants conceived post-war, to deployed fathers vs. non-deployed fathers 2.7 (1.1–6.6, p = 0.039)
Mother was a veteran father may or may not have been a veteran
Hypospadias and epispadias Infants conceived post-war, to deployed fathers vs. non-deployed mothers 6.3 (1.5–26.3, p = 0.015)
  1. ^5 of 4,648 offspring conceived post-war were so affected vs. 0 of 6,863 conceived pre-war; logit estimator method used for statistical significance testing.